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CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2014 series 0488 LITERATURE (SPANISH) 0488/11 Paper 1 Set Texts (Open Books),
CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2014 series 0488 LITERATURE (SPANISH) 0488/11 Paper 1 Set Texts (Open Books), maximum raw mark 60 This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for Teachers. Cambridge will not enter into discussions about these mark schemes. Cambridge is publishing the mark schemes for the May/June 2014 series for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level components and some Ordinary Level components. Page 2 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper Answers will be marked according to the following general criteria: Band Mark Detailed, well-written, well-organised answer, completely relevant to question and showing sensitive personal response to book. For passage-based questions, detailed attention to words of passage Detailed answer, relevant to question and with personal response; may be a bit cut-and-dried. For passage-based questions, close attention to words but may be a few omissions/superficialities Competent answer, relevant but limited; signs of personal response, good knowledge of book. For passage-based, some attention to words but some significant omissions and/or misunderstandings Answer relevant to question but may show some misunderstanding and/or limitations; effort to communicate personal response and knowledge. Passage-based: significant omissions/misunderstandings, but some response comes over Attempt to answer question and some knowledge of book; limited, scrappy answer; clumsy expression. Passage-based: attempt to respond, but with severe limitations Short, scrappy answer; confused; signs that book has been read. Passagebased: has read the passage and conveyed one or two basic ideas about it Has read book and absorbed some very elementary ideas about it. Passagebased: may have glanced at passage and written a few words Nothing to reward. Obvious non-reading of book, or total non-appreciation. Page 3 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper PROSA Pardo Bazán, Los Pazos de Ulloa 1* Vuelva a leer el final del capítulo XXIV desde Un día notó Julián en Nucha (página 285 Debolsillo). Cómo se las arregla Pardo Bazán aquí para que esta escena sea tierna y tensa a la vez? No olvide referirse detalladamente al pasaje. This is a touching scene because of the closeness of the two characters; Julián s feelings towards Nucha have always been intense, but in this passage the strength of his concern for her is especially evident. Julián focuses on Nucha s eyes, her voice, her lips, much as a lover would, and realises by her melancholic expression how deeply she is suffering, Allí no se veía ya la espina del dolor que lentamente va hincándose, pero el puñal clavado de golpe hasta el pomo. Having focused in minute detail on Nucha s facial features, what he sees leads him to forget his position semejante espectáculo dio al traste con la prudencia del capellán. As he pleads with Nucha Quisiera, se lo digo con el corazón, que me mandase, que me mandase! while waving around a hankerchief he has just used for cleaning the altar s sacras, the reader is reminded of the fact that he is a man of the church who has a specific role to play and a position of trust in the household. Band 3 responses will make good use of the evidence that indicates how this passage is tierna but better responses (band 1/2) will also focus on how tension is built up throughout the passage and will not just comment on the end when they are caught red handed. The band 1/2 responses will also note the suspense as Nucha is on the verge of confiding in Julián, alzó Nucha los ojos, y en ellos lució un rayo instantáneo, un impulso de gritar, de quejarse, de pedir auxilio. The tension is momentarily suspended as Julián entre embelesado y afligido, tenderly watches Nucha arranging flowers: the pace then intensifies as he suddenly notices the bruises on her arms, thinks back to Sabel s brutal beating at the hands of Pedro and dejó caer las sacras y tomó las manos de Nucha just as everybody walks in on them. Band 3 responses will touch upon most of the key language, while band 4 will be relevant but less detailed. Descriptive responses will be rewarded for any evaluative material before being placed in the lower bands. 2 Horrible familia ilegal, enraizada en el viejo caserón solariego como las parietarias y yedras en los derruidos muros! (Capítulo XIV página 181 Debolsillo). En su opinón de lector, hasta qué punto Pardo Bazán nos hace compartir la aversión que siente Julián por Primitivo y su familia? Argumente su respuesta refiriéndose a detalles precisos del texto. Some candidates may only focus on this precise moment in their responses and, although this will limit their answers, they could still achieve a band 3/4 if there is enough detail. Julián s concern for the newly wed Nucha is the trigger to this particular outburst, as he is horrified by the thought that she may find out about Pedro s relationship with Sabel and the fact that he has an illegitimate son. The better responses (band 1/2) will comment on Pedro s relationship with Primitivo, Sabel and Perucho using a wide range of references that reflect a good knowledge of the text and an understanding as to why he feels such passionate hatred towards the family. Julián has always been uncomfortable in Sabel s presence and her attempt to seduce him leaves him no choice but to banish her from his chambers. When el cura de Naya informs Julián of Pedro s relationship with Sabel, he is so incensed that although el cura de Naya finds his naiveté comical, the scandal is such that Julián considers leaving los Pazos so as not to autorizar con mi presencia un amancebamiento. At the beginning of the novel, Julián is shocked at how Primitivo encourages Perucho to get drunk and even more so when he finds out that Primitivo is the boy s grandfather. However his predominant feeling towards Primitivo and rightly so as he does attempt to shoot him at one point is fear. Although scandalised by Pedro s relationship with Sabel, he pities Pedro for the hold that Primitivo has over his life and his possesions. He understands how impossible it is for Pedro to free himself of Primitivo s control as he himself has tried to do so when organising the archives. He tries to educate Perucho who he thinks looks like Page 4 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper an angel but lives like an animal; he is concerned for his welfare but horrified when he finds out he is Pedro s son. There is a great deal of material to handle so we will reward how well the evidence is used to answer the question rather than expect a wealth of material from the entire novel. Weaker responses will have a narrower range of references and may lose focus at times, but the more convincing answers will show a good knowledge of the novel. Better responses will consider the family s contribution to the plot, their insidious control over Pedro and the fear they inspire in Nucha. Their final triumph is evident at the end of the novel when Pedro starts revisiting Sabel and Perucho, not Manuela the rightful heir, is the one wearing fine clothes. 3 Se aseguró que las hermanas no cruzaban ya palabra alguna en la mesa, lo confirmó ver a Rita en paseo sola con Carmen delante, mientras el primo seguía detrás con don Manuel y Nucha. (Capítulo XI página 153 Debolsillo). Usted es Rita después de saber que Nucha va a casarse con Pedro. Qué está usted pensando? Conteste con la voz de Rita. Naturally Rita is exceptionally angry and deeply jealous at this point. Rita s thoughts will undoubtedly reflect upon her time with Pedro. She will recall their constant flirtation and playful teasing, which she clearly enjoyed, and may now be thinking that she perhaps misread his attraction to her. She, like her father, must also be confused as to why Pedro chose Nucha of all the cousins, as Rita is described as passionate, alluring and attractive, in contrast to Nucha s less voluptuous appearance. Rita s frustration and incomprehension at how anyone could resist her yet be attracted by Nucha, will probably come across through insults about Nucha s appearance. She will also be trying to work out how it all went wrong and what she can do to get her revenge. A band 1/2 answer will make use of all the material relating to Pedro s visit to his uncle s house and specifically any interraction with Rita to ensure an authentic voice. Band 3/4 will be less familiar with the character and the situation but will include relevant material. The lower bands will show little or no signs of understanding of this character s thoughts at the time or may merely tell the story. Gómez de Avellaneda, Sab 4* Vuelva a leer una parte del capítulo VII de la primera parte desde Si habéis de ver burlada (página 152 Cátedra) hasta no era culpable del atrevimiento que se le reprendía (página 153). Cómo se las arregla Gómez de Avellaneda en este extracto para que nos escandalicemos con el comportamiento de Jorge Otway? No olvide citar ejemplos precisos del extracto. Never one to mince his words, Jorge is on fine form in this passage! He is passionate about one thing money, and here it is evident how obsessed he is with wealth and the ruthless zeal with which he is determined to achieve it. He is unmoved by the fact that Enrique has feelings for Carlota and his response to his son s flattering portrayal of her reveals his despicable character: un comerciante, Enrique se casa con una mujer lo mismo que se asocia con un compañero, por especulación, por convenviencia. The reader almost pities Enrique in this scene and it helps to understand Enrique s behaviour in the novel he is his father s son after all. Most middle band (3/4) responses should cover this aspect in a fair amount of detail. The higher bands will be considered for those answers that comment on his interaction with the other characters that appear in the passage. Jorge s burning desire to see if he has won the lottery has him: arrebatando con mano trémula las cartas que el negro le presentaba haciendo reverencias and when referring to the slave later on in the passage as: Y ese imbécil negro que hace?, shows that he treats his slaves with disrespect and contempt. His reception of Sab is equally hostile: Maldición sobre ti! grita furioso Jorge Otway qué diablos quieres aquí, pícaro mulato, y cómo te atreves a entrar sin mi permiso? Sab himself is: atónito a tan brusco recibimiento yet far from feeling: intimidado al aspecto colérico de Jorge his eyes burn with a threatening glow. Enrique s behaviour strikes a contrast with that of his father and we see a more agreeable side to him; far Page 5 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper from being presented as a respectable character in the novel, here he wins the reader s approval Enrique vivamente sentido del grosero lenguaje empleado por su padre procuró hacerle menos sensible con su amabilidad la desagradable acogida de Jorge. Top band responses will consider how the characters react to Jorge as well as focus on Jorge s abrupt words, aggressive actions and delusional obsession with money. The weaker responses will paraphrase or summarise what is happening and not focus their comments on the specific wording of the question. 5 No pensaba Teresa, no debías haber nacido esclavo el corazón que sabe amar así no es un corazón vulgar (Capítulo II de la segunda parte, página 224). Hasta qué punto está usted de acuerdo con la opinión que tiene Teresa de Sab? No olvide argumentar su respuesta refiriéndose al texto. There are countless good deeds throughout the novel to which candidates can refer to argue in favour of Teresa s description; a good discriminator will lie in the candidate s ability to select the most relevant and to evaluate how this proves Sab deserves to be more than just a slave. His love for Carlota is clearly illustrated throughout the novel; he has the chance to be a rich man but is more concerned about Carlota s happiness and sacrifices his freedom for her welfare. Band1/2 responses will examine his feelings towards Carlota and how he constantly watches out for her, but will also consider how he behaves towards others. He considers killing Enrique on two occasions but never sees it through as he knows Carlota would never recover from such a tragedy; in fact he saves Enrique s life twice instead. He is respected by his master Carlos de B, as well as by Carlota and even Enrique begrudgingly admits he is a noble fellow. He is well thought of by his fellow slaves and by Martina and Luis for whom he also cares. Band 3 responses may touch upon other aspects apart from his behaviour towards Carlota but will lack the detail and precision of a band 1/2 response. These answers may also only focus on his relationship with Teresa as the quotation is hers. A simple character sketch will not score as highly as a response that considers Sab s life as a slave. Band 4 responses will be relevant but less evaluative and those placed in band 5 and below will mainly tell the story. 6 Usted es Martina al final del Capítulo X de la primera parte. Qué está usted pensando? Conteste con la voz de Martina. Martina is twice referred to as adopting a ridículamente majestuoso air and some of the better responses may be able to convey such a tone in their responses. Martina has suffered great tragedy in the past and has a sick grandson to care for, however, this visit cheers her up no end especially as Carlos de B has been so generous he offers to look after her financially, he gives Sab his freedom and has promised him a salary. Most responses will be based on this chapter, but in chapter IX, there is some reference to her background which the higher band answers may access in order to lend more credibility to their response. Martina will be thinking of Sab, whom she considers her son after all he has done for her, and knows Sab s feelings towards Carlota as her telling reaction to meeting Enrique indicates. When they are all having dinner, she looks signficantly at both Sab and Carlota; she realises what a kind woman Carlota is and how hurt Sab will inevitably be when Carlota is married. She may think of Sab s treatment of Luis and her proud feelings towards him may also be present in her thoughts. Middle band responses will show some familiarity with the references to Martina and demonstrate some understanding of her personality. Lower band responses will be limited in their knowledge of this character and lack authenticity. Page 6 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper Pérez-Reverte, El capitán Alatriste 7* Vuelva a leer el final del capítulo X El Corral del Príncipe desde Lo que ocurrió ya es Historia (página Alfaguara). Cómo se las arreglan los Pérez-Reverte para que la intervención del príncipe y el duque en la pelea sea tan emocionante? Justifique su respuesta refiriéndose detalladamente al pasaje. In fine swashbuckling style, Alatriste fights off the five men who are attacking him aided by his good friend Quevedo. We are touched that Quevedo is prepared to come to his friend s aid as Alatriste has done on so many occasions before. The fight is so dramatic that even the king of Spain is watching and when the Prince and Buckingham nobly jump in to help the man who saved their lives, the excitement caused by the fight reaches new heights. The fact that Quevedo is a participant impresses even the king, and the spectators are soon won over by Alatriste s skill and bravery. The top band responses will be very detailed and cover most of the key points perceptively, focusing on the specific words of the passage. The better responses will also comment on the structure and tone of the passage especially at the end when a dropped glove humourously describes how the king is en un tris de perder los papeles. Middle responses will communicate the excitement of the fight and consider how the Englishmen s involvement intensifies the dramatic effect but will consider, in less detail, the reactions and actions of the other characters who appear. A lower band response will not work through the entire passage and will lack detail as well as being less evaluative. 8 Cómo se las arreglan los Pérez-Reverte para intrigarnos con el personaje misterioso de Angélica Alquézar? Argumente su respuesta refiriéndose a detalles precisos del texto. The Angélica Alquézar character becomes more of a protagonist in Alatriste s later adventures, however every time she appears in this novel, there is a sense of foreboding and danger. Despite her young age, she has a threatening air about her. She is a key contributor to the plot and foreshadowing implies that she is to be taken as a serious threat in the future both because of her power over Íñigo and her influential uncle who wants nothing but harm to come to Alatriste: ya era un prometedor anuncio de la belleza en que se convertirá más tarde, Pobre de mí, que acababa de conocer a mi más dulce, peligrosa y mortal enemiga. Each appearance creates an atmosphere of intrigue; she does not speak at the first meeting, her controlled smile is described as muy enigmático y misteriosa. Despite her youth, she is described as speaking in a tono quedo y seductor, nada infantil and her effect on Íñigo is such that a mere glance at her eyes and he feels como prisionero de un filtro hipnótico that emphasises the strength of her influence over him. Angélica serves as a love interest for Íñigo: Para mí, la jovencita rubia de la carroza era sólo una visión celestial but she toys with Íñigo s emotions and readily accepts the role of spy for her powerful uncle. Alatriste perhaps senses how dangerous Ángelica may be as he watches Iñigo with ojos preocupados during one of their conversations. Her relationship to Luis de Alquézar makes Íñigo s involvement with her all the more perilous, especially as her uncle s hatred towards Alatriste is so evident: la expresión de odio y cólera que vi aparecer en ellos cuando la niña pronunció el nombre de capitán Alatriste clearly gives a glimpse of his enmity. The best responses will be able to recall her appearances in the plot and understand their context and repercussions. The reader learns more about Íñigo through his thoughts and behaviour whenever he sees her and she helps to add another dimension to Íñigo s character. The middle band responses will be mostly relevant but will not convey such a detailed response as to how this character is intriguing. Lower band responses will probably mention the moments when she appears in the novel without evaluating the effect on the reader. Page 7 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper 9 Sus ojos brillaban de odio al clavarse en Alatriste. Todo él, desde la forma en que hacía las preguntas hasta el menos perceptible de sus movimientos, era pura amenaza (Capítulo VIII El Portillo de las Ánimas página 146 Alfaguara). Usted es el fray Emilio Bocanegra. Qué está usted pensando al mirar al capitán Alatriste? This is a good opportunity for candidates to imitate the thoughts of the villan of the piece. Bocanegra is one of the most powerful men in the country and Alatriste is completely at his mercy. This particular moment takes place prior to the interrogation, so although candidates know what he is going to say to Alatriste, it is hoped they show some original thought in their responses as well as an authentic voice. During the interrogation, his disdain for soldiers and men of Alatriste s ilk is brutally obvious, but also hypocritical. Alatris
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