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THURSDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2014 Successful People Read The Post 4000 RIEL I S S U E N U M B E R 2 0 3 4 AN AMERICAN man held for five months in North Korea has arrived back in the United States, US tele- vision reported yesterday, showing his plane landing at an airport in Ohio. Jeffrey Fowle, 56, whose release was announced on Tuesday night, arrived at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, according to the tel- evision reports. Video footage showed Fowle smiling as
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  THURSDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2014 Successful People Read The  Post  4000 RIEL     I    S    S    U    E    N    U    M    B    E    R    2    0    3    4  AN AMERICAN man held for five months in North Korea has arrived back in the United States, US tele-vision reported yesterday, showing his plane landing at an airport in Ohio.Jeffrey Fowle, 56, whose release was announced on Tuesday night, arrived at  Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, according to the tel-evision reports. Video footage showed Fowle smiling as he descended from the plane  with baggage in hand, being greeted by loved ones  who embraced him on the airport tarmac.Fowle entered the North in April and was detained after apparently leaving a Bible in the bathroom of a nightclub in the northern port of Chongjin.Pyongyang has portrayed the decision to free the Pech Sotheary and Kevin Ponniah SENIOR opposition lawmak-er Son Chhay has formally requested that the entire staff list of the National  Assembly’s more than 1,000-strong secretariat be turned over to him for investigation as part of a bid to root out “ghost” workers and nepo-tistic appointments. As part of his one-man cru-sade to clean up parliament, Chhay has also accused a sen-ior secretariat official of appointing more than 20 members of his own family to paid positions on assembly staff and asked for a probe.In a letter sent on Tuesday to assembly Secretary-Gener-al Leng Peng Long, Chhay,  who also serves as deputy head of the parliamentary Commission on Economics, Finance, Banking and Audit-ing, says that he has received US man freed by NK lands at home Chhay to purge the assembly of ‘ghosts’ Laignee Barron and Sen David F OR years, 15-year-old Sam-nang* endured beatings every weekend as his father became drunk and violent.Samnang and his mother were often slapped and kicked, until one night  when the abuse went even further.“Two years ago, my father blamed my mother for not cooking well for him. He started fighting with her and hitting her. I begged him to stop, but instead he took a stick and started beating me. I cried, but he beat me until there was blood on my back,” said Samnang, who now lives  with his aunt in Phnom Penh, estranged from his abusive father. Samnang is not alone in his ordeal of childhood violence. Physical abuse is the most common form of violence experienced by children in Cambodia: more than half of the nation’s minors encounter some form of physical vio-lence before the age of 18, according to the results of a nationwide survey released by the government and UNICEF yesterday. In most cases, the children know their abuser; parents are the most common perpetrator of the first incident of child-hood physical violence. Emotional, sexual and physical abuse of children has long been a rampant issue afflicting the health and livelihood of many Cambodians, but was not, until now, a tallied, quantified and contextu-alised problem. Based on interviews Not so happy childhoods Half of the Kingdom’s minors experience physical abuse, survey shows CONTINUED – PAGE 13CONTINUED – PAGE 2 CONTINUED – PAGE 2 THE PHNOM PENH POST Food Inside page 18 Kebabs: sticking it to the grill SEAVMEY TO AVOID ALCOHOL, TOBACCO ADS NATIONAL – PAGE 3 WAPOST  ’S ‘WATERGATE’ EDITOR DIES, 93 WORLD – PAGE 14 A US FAMILY’S SHOCKTOBERTRADITION LIFESTYLE – PAGE 17 Children play atop a rusted personnel carrier that belonged to pro-Russian militants on Tuesday in Kiev. AFP Kiev kids RELATED STORY > 12 PAGE 5 More factories are at risk: report NATIONAL NEWS  National 2 THE PHNOM PENH POST OCTOBER 23, 2014 ActionAid is an international organization working with over 25 million people in more than 40 countries worldwide for a world free from poverty and injustice, and with the support of half a million donors and supporters CONSULTANCY ANNOUNCEMENT  Baseline Study for ActionAid Education Program Framework  ActionAid Cambodia is seeking a dynamic and professional CONSULTANT to undertake a Baseline Study for ActionAid Education Program Framework. The baseline study is to assess and document the current information of the program indicators as outlined in the Education Program Framework and enable program to set milestone for program in monitoring and evaluation. Applicants must have relevant professional research skills/ experience and demonstrable knowledge of: Extensive experiences in baseline research especially in the area of  right to quality public education.Experiences in using participatory tools.  Demonstrate strong understanding of education system in Cambodia  preferably in basic education.Terms of Reference for the consultancy   is available for review and download from the Human Resource & Job Vacancies page   of our website at:  www.actionaid.org/cambodia   Application requirement: Adequately qualified applicants should send a copy of their CV and cover letter outlining relevant previous experience along with the baseline study proposal (with proposed budget and timeframe) to: cambodia.job@actionaid.org   or to   ActionAid Office at: # 69, Street 242, Phnom Penh . S suitably qualified women, minorities, and people with disability are strongly encouraged to apply. Only selected candidates will be notified. Closing date of application: November 9 th  2014 For additional information on the consultancy please contact: Mr. Han Bintheng, Programe Officer – Education Tel: +855 (0) 23 994 987 or mob +855 (92) 220 078 Email: bintheng.han@actionaid.org Continued from page 1  with over 2,500 participants between ages 13 and 24, the Cambodia Violence Against Children Survey for the first time calculated the magnitude and nature of violence against the nation’s children. “Violence against children is too often a hidden problem. Breaking the silence around it and initiating a conversation is the first challenge,” said Rana Flowers, country representative for UNICEF, which coordinated the survey along with the Min-istry of Planning. In addition to physical vio-lence, more than a quarter of children are subjected to emo-tional abuse by a parents or an-other relative, and an estimated 5 per cent of males and females reported being sexually abused as a child. Three-quarters of the victims endured multiple epi-sodes of violence before their eighteenth birthday.“This abuse often takes place in settings where children should feel safest, including at home, in school or at a neigh-bour’s house,” said Marta San-tos Pais, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on  Violence Against Children. A significant number of the respondents in the household survey had never previously divulged their abuse. Almost half of the women, and nearly three-quarters of the men who had experienced sexual vio-lence as a child had never told anyone about it before. Female interviewees worried about the “inappropriateness” of discussing a sexual topic,  whereas boys more frequently cited that it was unacceptable to gossip about adults. “The shame of sexual vio-lence, and rape in particular,  was cited in relation to fear of being stigmatised and rejected by families or communities,” the survey says. “Violence that did not result in hospitalisation seemed to be considered as not requiring any kind of response by adults.” But the internalised trauma of the abuse manifested in a va-riety of emotional, behavioural, and health problems.“Exposure to violence in child-hood changes the brain’s archi-tecture and the way people age, the effects go far beyond the short-term,” said Howard Kress, a behavioural scientist from the US Centers for Disease Control,  which assisted the study.Extrapolating from the sur-vey’s results, an economist at China Agriculture University found Cambodians exposed to childhood violence faced in-creased risks of mental disease, STIs, self-harm, cardiovascular disease and perpetuating fur-ther aggression and violence themselves. The long-term health consequences translated into an enormous financial toll, costing Cambodia an estimated $161 million in 2013, or 1.06 per cent of the country’s GDP, the analysis says. “Ending violence against chil-dren . . . also makes economic sense,” said UN special repre-sentative Santos Pais.The survey recommends the national response focus on changing perceptions that en-courage impunity, accept abuse as a child-rearing practice and prevent sufferers from speaking out or seeking help.The survey’s figures are hoped to intiate policy implications –  yesterday Deputy Prime Min-ister Men Sam An called on 12 ministries to promote aware-ness and effective use of legisla-tion – but for now, the harmful impacts of the abuse continue to take a mostly unnoticed and unaddressed toll.“I do not study anymore be-cause I have to work at a rice shop washing dishes,” said 15- year-old Samnang. “I miss my mum. I pity her so much. When I am stronger, I will help her and tell my father to please stop hurting her and me.” *Name has been changed for  privacy reasons. Continued from page 1 information that Mith Karen, a deputy-secretary general, used his influence to appoint family members to a slew of positions. In the letter, he names sev-en alleged relatives of Karen  working for the secretariat, but told the Post   yesterday that he believes there could be “more than 20” in total. According to Chhay, the in-formation was presented to him by parliamentary staff. He says in the letter that “if true, the action represents large-scale and systematic corruption that damages the reputation of the institution,  which has the responsibility to check the irregularities of other institutions”.“I’ve heard about that for quite some time but I never really got the names and rela-tionships to [link to] this person clearly. [But] now they have is-sued the information that pro-vides me with more details and I could check on that with a couple more people to find that it’s a real thing and that’s why I decided to [make this request],” Chhay said yesterday.Karen could not be reached despite numerous attempts.Peng Long declined to com-ment in detail on Chhay’s let-ter. He said that whether he  would hand over the list of staff and related employment documents would depend on the decision of the National  Assembly’s permanent stand-ing committee. “I am an administrative of-ficer. I follow the law. I have a personnel list, but I cannot talk about a decision [on the request yet]. I will inform His Excellency Son Chhay later,” he said. Assembly spokesman Nhem Thavy, parliamentary second deputy president Nguon Nghel and numerous senior ruling party lawmakers could not be reached for comment. According to Chhay, the na-tional assembly’s proposed budget has increased by more than $10 million between this  year and 2015, a blowout that he blamed on financial irregu-larities and an increasing num-ber of “ghost” employees.“This must involve the per-sonnel who have only names [on the payroll] but they never come to work,” he said. “An-other thing is [strange] expens-es such as $35,000 for a photo-copier.”In August, the Anti-Corrup-tion Unit vowed a crackdown on ghost workers in public in-stitutions.Last month, an assembly of-ficial told the Post   that of the more than 1,000 staff on parlia-ment’s payroll, only about 400 to 500 bother coming to work – figures that match Chhay’s estimates.Transparency International Cambodia (TIC) said yesterday that there was a “strong corre-lation” between nepotism and corruption in Cambodia.“TI Cambodia’s National Integrity System Assessment 2014 reveals that nepotism is  widespread in the public sec-tor and key government insti-tutions,” said Pech Pisey, direc-tor of programs at TIC.“TI Cambodia believes that there [should] be more over-sight into the process of selec-tion and recruitment of public officials based on qualifica-tions, expertise and merits. Not  who you know and bribe.”Chhay said that while nepo-tism was rife across govern-ment institutions, it usually emanates from top-level offi-cials, such as ministers. But in parliament, “it’s very interest-ing that you have these people that are not the head of the institution who are able to put all [their] relatives in charge of important departments and can do whatever they want”.Council of Ministers spokes-man Phay Siphan declined to comment on the assembly case specifically yesterday, but acknowledged that nepotism exists in the government.“It does exist but very much in the minority. And especially in this mandate, [recruitment]  will be based on competence,” he said. Siphan claimed that in the past, faced with a lack of human resources, officials’ children educated abroad  who chose to eschew the pri-vate sector were useful to the government. “When they come back from overseas, [most] work for com-panies or NGOs, so [those] that sacrificed to work for the gov-ernment, [it was out of] loyalty for their family that they stayed  with the government.”He added that reforms pushed through in the last mandate had set mandatory civil-service exams. While he said Chhay’s re-quest was positive, Siphan also said that the opposition should not forget to examine nepotism in its own ranks.Deputy Cambodia Nation-al Rescue Party leader Kem Sokha’s eldest daughter, Kem Monovithya, serves as the par-ty’s deputy public affairs head. She recently faced accusations of nepotism from US-based donors to the party when floated as a possible CNRP candidate to the new National Election Committee. Survey finds half of children suffer abuse CNRP on the hunt for ‘ghosts’ CORRECTION In the article Refugee deal praised, again  published in the national news section on Monday, Kao Kim Hourn was referred to as the foreign affairs attaché to the prime minister. He is, in fact, the minister delegate attached to the prime minister. Senior Cambodia National Rescue Party lawmaker Son Chhay arrives at the National Assembly in August. Chhay has requested information on National Assembly staff to mount an investigation into ghost workers and nepotistic appointments. HENG CHIVOAN This must involve the personnel who have only names [on the payroll] but they never come to work   Forest finds Auction sells cars used for logging O NE lucky bidder on Tuesday claimed the first shipment in a batch of nearly 550 cars purchased at auction from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), a forestry official said yesterday. The 543 vehicles taken from a pool of 757, of which 214 weren’t operational, were bought at auction in Septem-ber by a buyer identified in local media as Ma Sothy after being seized in the course of forestry crime crackdowns between 2004 and 2011.Taong Viravuthy, de-puty head of the Kampong Chhnang provincial forestry office, confirmed that 16 cars of varying types had been shipped out of his office to the buyer on October 21.The MAFF issued a decla-ration in August announcing that the 757 cars were to be cleared from the state inventory. Only four people reportedly registered for the nationwide auction, with Sothy reportedly bidding over $62,000 for the functional units. TAING VIDA National 3 THE PHNOM PENH POST OCTOBER 23, 2014  Angkor beer gift avoids rules Charles Rollet  S ORN Seavmey, the teenage taekwondo athlete who turned national celebrity after  winning Cambodia’s first gold medal at the Asian Games, will not be appearing in any ad-vertisements from alcohol or tobacco companies, despite being deluged with gifts and endorsement deals following her unprecedented victory. According to officials from the National Olympic Com-mittee of Cambodia, Seavmey, and all other athletes registered  with the committee, would not be appearing in such ads in or-der to conform to existing rules established by the Internation-al Olympic Charter, said Sok  Vidal, Seavmey’s manager. Seavmey said the deal was also to support public health.“If we appear in ads for beer or tobacco, that means we also use them,” Seavmey told the Post   before attending an en-dorsement ceremony for the mobile carrier Cellcard. But the announcement does not mark the end of the Na-tional Olympic Committee’s lucrative sponsorship deal with  Angkor Beer, or donations to Seavmey from that company. On November 1, she expects to be at a ceremony at Phnom Penh’s Sofitel hosted by Ang-kor Beer, which will give her $10,000.“You may see me in a photo on November 1 with top gov-ernment delegates and the company at dining tables with beers around, but you will not see me holding beer in my hands to cheer. I don’t use alco-hol at all,” Seavmey said.She plans to donate 40 per cent of the proceeds to a sepa-rate foundation set up in her name by the Cambodia News Channel to support medical causes. “They can donate to her but not for commercial purposes,  we cannot allow that,” said  Vidal, her manager, speaking about alcohol and tobacco companies. Besides the $20,000 reward for the gold medal from the government, Seavmey has al-ready received donations from  Angkor Beer and Nagaworld, along with $10,000, a laptop, and an iPad from Prime Minis-ter Hun Sen – not to mention a free pass on the university en-trance exam. Angkor Beer is a major backer of the National Olympic Com-mittee, and has given $300,000 over the years, said secretary- general Vath Chamroeun, add-ing that Angkor was “very, very happy” when Seavmey won her medal at only 19.Dr Yel Daravuth, technical officer at the World Health Or-ganization, praised Seavmey’s endorsement but criticised the  widespread use of celebrities to endorse alcohol. “We would like to see more celebrities and movie stars be a model.” While television, radio, and billboard advertisements for tobacco are prohibited, a draft law currently under discussion  would extend the ban to alco-hol as well.Daravuth said the alcohol law, which establishes 21 as the legal drinking age, would be submitted to the Council of Ministers by the end of the year or early next year.“They [youth] drink too much, they drink a lot.” Taekwondo gold medallist Sorn Seavmey shows her medal, during a press conference in Phnom Penh earlier this month. The gold medal winner has turned down lucrative deals with alcohol and tobacco companies.  AFP If we appear in ads for beer or tobacco, that means we also use them  National 4 THE PHNOM PENH POST OCTOBER 23, 2014 NGOs want licence of logging tycoon taken May Titthara THE government should revoke Try Pheap’s timber collection licences, a coalition of NGOs and indigenous groups said  yesterday, following allegations that the tycoon made a profit of more than $220 million in just three years illegally logging the Cardamom Mountains. Representatives of the group said the level at which the nation’s forest were being decimated was a “national tragedy”.“[W]e wish to express our great concerns over the dra-matic decline of forest resourc-es in Cambodia in the last two  years,” they said in a statement issued at a press conference in the capital.Central to the decimation, speakers said, was the freedom that Pheap has to collect timber from land concessions, includ-ing dam sites, as well as confis-cated timber from the Forestry  Administration and the Minis-try of Environment. On October 10, the Post reported details of a leaked conservation group’s report alleging that Pheap made $227 million in three years using permits in the Cardamoms as cover to move protected rose- wood felled outside licensed areas. But it is a problem that stretches across the country, activists said.“They say they are just col-lecting luxury timber from the stocks of the Foresty Adminis-tration,” said ethnic Kuoy vil-lager Svay Phoeun, a represent-ative of the Prey Lang community. “So why are all kinds of lux-ury timber being transported from all corners of Prey Lang?I  would like the government to revoke the licences of [Pheap’s] company.”Pheap’s influence also pro-vided protection for a large number of businesspeople connected to the illegal trade, said Mom Sokim, an anti-for-est crimes activist from Kratie province. The NGOs also noted a sharp rise in the number of illegal log-ging cases. About 1,890 had been recorded this year, a state-ment said, up from 535 during 2012 and 2013 combined.Thorn Sarath, director of for-estry administration at the Min-istry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, said yesterday that the group should write a letter to his ministry if it wants the government to consider taking action against Pheap. Japan to help with elections Meas Sokchea   A JAPANESE govern-ment team dis-patched to help Cam-bodia with election reforms is waiting for the ruling and opposition parties to agree on their own ideas, including a new National Election Com-mittee law, before stepping in.The experts met with both parties yesterday to present the findings of a survey they con-ducted in May and to discuss possible areas of cooperation, Japanese Ambassador Kuma-maru Yuji said.Kumamaru said that once the parties pass the new NEC law and agree upon changes to the election law, Japan can offer as-sistance in improving election procedures, capacity-building and voter registration.“We will probably be sending our team when and where the need arises,” Kumamaru said. “We are still at the rather pre-liminary stage of our working cooperation with the Cambo-dian side. But we are willing to lend assistance for the benefit of making sure the next elec-tion [will] go very smooth and the election will be a success.”He added that the new sys-tem would “need to restore confidence from the people”.The Japanese team held a  joint meeting with both the Cambodian People’s Party and the Cambodia National Rescue Party yesterday before meeting  with both parties separately.The CPP reforms working group did not speak to the media.CNRP working group head Kouy Bunroeun told reporters that Japan’s survey had pin-pointed numerous areas of con-cern during last year’s election, including voter registration, a lack of confidence in the NEC and the failure of electoral dis-putes to be properly resolved.“With this election reform, Japan wants . . . reforms that can be accepted by all parties that will ensure the stability of [future] elections. Especially, guaranteeing the rights of all voters and ensuring that ev-eryone can accept the election results,” he said. Bunroeun added that the CNRP supported Japan’s mis-sion “100 per cent”.“The results that Japan found are not different from what [post-election] irregularities the [CNRP] documented and what civil society election observers found too,” he said.Numerous CPP working group members could not be reached for comment. Japanese Ambassador Kumamaru Yuji talks to the media yesterday at the National Assembly in Phnom Penh after a meeting with the CPP and CNRP to discuss electoral reforms in the Kingdom.  HONG MENEA
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