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49699658-phrasal-verbs-grammar.pdf

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There are many verbs in English that can be followed by prepositions and/or adverbs (also known as adverb(ial) particles). Different authors give them different names: phrasal verbs prepositional verbs two!word verbs multi!word verbs. e will refer to them as phrasal verbs. #irstly$ how do we know if the word(s) after the verb is/are (a) preposition(s) or (an) adverb(s)% &wan ('ractical English (sage$ )*ford (niversity 'ress$ +,,-) provides a clear answer: . ords like down$ in and up are no
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  There are many verbs in English that can be followed by prepositions and/or adverbs (also known as adverb(ial) particles). Different authors give them different names: phrasal verbs  prepositional verbs two!word verbs multi!word verbs. e will refer to them as phrasal verbs .#irstly$ how do we know if the word(s) after the verb is/are (a) preposition(s) or (an) adverb(s)% &wan ('ractical English sage$ *ford niversity 'ress$ +,,-) provides a clear answer:  ords like down $ in  and up  are not always prepositions. ompare:  I ran down  the road.  Please sit down .  He's in his office. You can go in . Something's climbing up my leg. She's not up  yet. 0n the e*pressions  down  the road$ in his office and up  my leg$ the words down $ in  and up  are  prepositions: they have ob1ects (the road$ his office and my leg).0n sit down $ go in  and &he2s not up $ the words down $ in  and up  have no ob1ects. They are adverbs$ not prepositions.  p. +3 &econdly$ is this difference important% There are two answers here: on the one hand$ they are not important if you understand the meaning of the phrasal verbs $ and can use it confidently. n the other hand$ however$ understanding the information above can help you to decide the position of the preposition or adverb$ especially when the phrasal verb  is new to you$ or you are trying to use it in a new or unfamiliar situation. 4gain$ &wan (idem) e*plains the positions of prepositions and adverbs.'repositions and (adverb) particles do not always go in the same place in clauses with ob1ects. 'repositions normally go before ob1ects.  He fell off   the bridge (  NOT  He fell the bridge off.) 'articles can go before or after noun ob1ects. She switched off   the light. She switched the light off. 5ut particles can only go after pronoun ob1ects. She switched it off. (N! She switched off it.)  p. 6+7 This general information might help you to understand phrasal verbs  a bit better. nfortunately$ though$ there is no 8uick and easy way to learn them. 0t is a 8uestion of practice makes perfect. &ee the links below for more information and hours of practice. Phrasal Verb Practice -Assorted Verbs +.The concert was 999 because of the rain.  a. called off  b. blacked outc. turned off 4nswer a7.ow did he 999 their bad behavior.a. come to b. account for c. 1ot down4nswer b;.e must be about ,<. e is really 999.a. getting on b. bringing upc. bringing forward4nswer a3.0n the end everything 999 =.a. turned out b. wore outc. climb up4nswer a>.an you 999 all right or should 0 get a ladder%a. fall through b. climb downc. barge in4nswer b6.0 am sorry that 0 am late. 0 got 999 in traffic.a. lifted off  b. held downc. caught up4nswer c-.0 was so angry that 0 999 in protest.a. gave up b. walked outc. ran over 4nswer b?.The man was 999 of 1ail early for good behavior.a. let out b. bent downc. sent down4nswer a,.Even though he was tired$ he 999 going.a. kept on b. brought outc. fell over 4nswer a+<.4fter the accident a lot of people 999.a. turned out b. set outc. crowded around 4nswer c
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