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ABC First Aid Guide Australia

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ABC First Aid Guide Australia
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  Clear & Simple First Aid Advice Dr Audrey Sisman International Emergency Numbers Latest Guidelines    ABC First Aid Guide ABC First Aid Guide 6th edition  The information in this book contains, at the time of printing, the most current resuscitation guidelines. This book is designed to be an information resource and is not a substitute for attending a rst aid course conducted by an approved provider. The author of this book accepts no responsibility for any injury or damage that may occur as a result of using this book in rst aid management. .......empowering people  ABC FIRST AID GUIDE 6th Edition August 2013 Published by: ABC Publications PO Box 106, Mapleton, Qld 4560, Australia Author: Dr Audrey Sisman, MBChB   ISBN: 978-0-646-50354-7 Copyright © 2013 ABC Publications  All rights reserved. Reproduction of this book, in part or entirely, without written permission is prohibited. This book has been written based on current guidelines and requirements as dened by:For more information about this book, and for the latest updates visit: www.abcpublications.com.au ã Australian Resuscitation Councilã New Zealand Resuscitation Councilã European Resuscitation Councilã Epilepsy Association of Tasmaniaã Roads and Trafc Authorityã National Heart Foundation of Australiaã Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology & Allergy (ASCIA)ã Asthma Foundation of Queenslandã WorkCover QLD  Introduction Congratulations on taking positive steps towards learning rst aid which is an essential life skill we should all learn in order to help others and possibly save a life.The  ABC First Aid Guide  is written by a medical practitioner with experience in emergency medicine, hospital medicine and general practice.The book contains clear, simple rst aid advice which will assist you in handling most emergency situations.Keep this book with your rst aid kit at your workplace, at home, in your vehicle or when travelling overseas. Contents  Essential First Aid Unconscious ..................................2 DRSABCD  .....................................3 CPR  ...............................................4Choking / Positional asphyxia........6Drowning........................................7 Trauma Soft Tissue Injury & Fracture ......... 8 Upper Limb Injury .......................... 9 Lower Limb/ Pelvic Injury............. 10Bleeding .......................................12Shock...........................................14Crush Injury .................................14 Burns  ........................................... 15 Electric Shock ..............................16Multiple Casualties/ Prioritising....16Chest ...........................................17 Abdomen ..................................... 18 Eye .............................................. 19 Head Injury ..................................20Spinal Injury .................................21  Medical Emergencies Heart Conditions  ..........................22 Asthma ........................................23Croup/ Epiglottitis ........................24Faint.............................................24Seizure/ Epilepsy .........................25Febrile Convulsion .......................25Diabetes ......................................26 Stroke  ..........................................27Hyperventilation ...........................27Heat Exposure .............................28Cold Exposure .............................29 Bites and Stings ...........................30 Poisons  ........................................32 Allergy/ Anaphylaxis ....................33  General First Aid Principles of First Aid ...................34Legal Issues ................................34Communication/ Reports .............35Record Keeping/ Self-Help ..........35Safe Work Practices/ Hygiene .....36First Aid Kits/Needlestick Injury ...36Casualty Assessment ..................37Basic Anatomy and Physiology ...38 First Aid Report Form World Map Emergency Numbers ã Essential First Aid ã Trauma ã Medical Emergencies ã General First Aid Each subsection shows you step-by-step how to recognise and deal with an emergency situation. Emergencies are recognised by SIGNS & SYMPTOMS  which are contained in a red box.   Displayed in a green box  is the FIRST AID   management of an emergency situation.         ☎  means call your country’s emergency number.The  ABC First Aid Guide  is divided into four main colour coded sections:  Also at the back, there is a First Aid Report Form which can be torn out and used in a rst aid incident, and an Emergency Numbers  page for writinglocal, national and international emergency numbers. How to use this book:         ☎        ☎  A fold out World Map  of international emergency numbers at the back of the book identies emergency numbers across the world.   2 | Essential First Aid Unconsciousness  is a state of unresponsiveness, where the casualty is unaware of their surroundings and no purposeful response can be obtained. NO RESPONSEBreathing Normally Follow Basic Life Support Chart (An unconscious, breathing woman in advanced pregnancy should be placed on her left side). Recovery Position, Call ☎ , monitor Causes of an unresponsive (unconscious), breathing  state:ã A - Alcohol ã T - Trauma (head/ spinal (Pg 20, 21) ã E - Epilepsy (Pg 25)  ã I - Infections (meningitis) ã I - Insulin (Diabetes Pg 26)  ã P - Pretendingã O - Overdose  (Poisons Pg 32) ã S - Stroke (Pg 27) ã U - Uraemia (renal failure) Step 1 ã Raise the casualty’s furthest arm above the head.ã Place the casualty’s nearest arm across the body. ã Bend-up the casualty’s nearest leg.ã With one hand on the shoulder and the other on the knee, roll casualty away from you. Step 2 ã Stabilise the casualty by exing the bent knee to 90° when resting on the ground.ã Tuck the casualty’s hand under their armpit.ã Ensure the casualty’s head is resting on their outstretched arm. Step 3 ã Carefully tilt the head slightly backwards and downwards. This facilitates drainage of saliva and/or stomach contents and reduces the risk of inhalation which may cause pneumonia. NO Breathing or   Abnormal Breathing The recovery position: ã Maintains a clear airway - allows the tongue to fall forward. ã Facilitates drainage and lessens the risk of inhaling   foreign material (eg saliva, blood, food, vomit).ã Permits good observation and access to the airway.ã Avoids pressure on the chest which facilitates   breathing. ã Provides a stable position and minimises injury to casualty.  All unconscious casualties must be handled gently and every effort made to avoid any twisting or forward movement of the head and spine. Combinations of different causes may be present in an unconscious casualty eg head injury and diabetes.  Airway management takes priority over spinal injury NB.The sense of hearing is usually the last sense to go, so be careful what you say near an unconscious casualty .
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