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Amicus Brief - Gary Gates

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Amicus Curiae Gary J. Gates is the Williams Distinguished Scholar at the Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Public Policy at the UCLA School of Law. He is also a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the U.S. Census Bureau and the Data Users Advisory Committee of the Bureau of Labor Statistics
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    No. 14-31037 United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit J ONATHAN P.   R OBICHEAUX ,  ET AL .,  Plaintiffs-Appellants , v. J  AMES D.   C  ALDWELL ,  Defendant-Appellee . J ONATHAN P.   R OBICHEAUX ,  ET AL .,  Plaintiffs-Appellants , v. D EVIN G EORGE ,  ET AL .,  Defendants-Appellees . F ORUM FOR E QUALITY L OUISIANA  ,  ET AL .,  Plaintiffs-Appellants , v. T IM B  ARFIELD ,  ET AL .,  Defendants-Appellees.  On Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana 2:13-cv-5090-MLCF, 2:14-cv-97-MLCF, 2:14-cv-327-MLCF BRIEF OF  AMICUS CURIAE    GARY J. GATES IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFS-APPELLANTS AND REVERSAL  Brad W. Seiling Benjamin G. Shatz Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP 11355 W. Olympic Boulevard Los Angeles, CA 90064 (310) 312-4000 BShatz@manatt.com Counsel for Gary J. Gates Case: 14-31037 Document: 00512814518 Page: 1 Date Filed: 10/24/2014  i TABLE OF CONTENTS I.   Introduction ...................................................................................... 3   II.    Argument .......................................................................................... 7    A.   Same-Sex Couples: Nearly 1.3 Million Adults in the U.S. and 16,200 Adults in Louisiana Are Members of Same-Sex Couples ................................................................... 7   1.   Same-Sex Couples Live Throughout the U.S. and Louisiana ........................................................................ 8   2.   Same-Sex Couples Are Diverse in Terms of Sex,  Age, Race, and Ethnicity ................................................ 9   B.   Same-Sex Couples With Children: Approximately One in Five Same-Sex Couples in the U.S. and One in Four in Louisiana Are Raising Children ....................................... 12   1.   Same-Sex Couples with Children Live Throughout the U.S. and Louisiana ............................ 15   2.   Members of Same-Sex Couples with Children Are Diverse in Terms of Race, Ethnicity, and Income ....... 15   3.   Nationally, Same-Sex Couples Are More Likely Than Different-Sex Couples to Be Raising  Adopted Children and Foster Children ....................... 17   C.   Same-Sex Couples in Marriages, Civil Unions, or Registered Domestic Partnerships: As of 2010,  Approximately 114,300 Same-Sex Couples in the U.S. Were Legally Married, and Over 108,000 Were in Civil Unions or Registered Domestic Partnerships ...................... 19   1.   When Permitted By Law, Same-Sex Couples Are More Likely to Marry Than to Enter into a Civil Union or a Domestic Partnership ................................ 20   Case: 14-31037 Document: 00512814518 Page: 2 Date Filed: 10/24/2014  TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)   ii 2.   Dissolution Rates Are Slightly Lower for Same-Sex Couples Than for Different-Sex Couples .............. 24   3.   Marriage Between Same-Sex Couples Does Not Reduce Different-Sex Marriage Rates or Increase Non-Marital Birth Rates of Different-Sex Couples ..... 24   D.   LGBT Adults: Over 8 Million American Adults and Nearly 109,300 Adults in Louisiana Identify as LGBT ....... 25   III.   Conclusion ...................................................................................... 27   Case: 14-31037 Document: 00512814518 Page: 3 Date Filed: 10/24/2014  iii TABLE OF AUTHORITIES CASES  Baskin v. Bogan , 766 F.3d 648 (7th Cir. 2014) ................................................................. 2  Bostic v. Schaeffer , 760 F.3d 352 (4th Cir. 2014) ................................................................. 2  DeBoer v. Snyder , 973 F. Supp. 2d 757 (E.D. Mich. 2014) ................................................. 2 Sevcik v. Sandoval , No. 12-17668 (9th Cir. Oct. 25, 2013) ................................................... 9 United States v. Windsor , No. 12-307 (U.S. Mar. 1, 2013) ............................................................. 9 OTHER AUTHORITIES  About GSS  , GSS   G ENERAL S OCIAL S URVEY  , http://www3.norc.org/GSS+Website/About+GSS/ ................................ 4  American Community Survey , U.S.   C ENSUS B UREAU , http://www.census.gov/acs/ ................................................................... 3 Badgett, M.V. Lee, Will Providing Marriage Rights to Same-Sex Couples Undermine Heterosexual Marriage? , 1(3) S EXUALITY R ESEARCH &   S OCIAL P OLICY   1 (2004) ......................... 24 Badgett, M.V. Lee & Jody L. Herman, The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law,  Patterns of Relationship Recognition by Same-Sex Couples in the United States  (Nov. 2011) .......................................................................................... 21  Decennial Census Data on Same Sex Couples , U.S.   C ENSUS B UREAU , http://www.census.gov/hhes/samesex/data/decennial. html ................ 3 Dillender, Marcus, The Death of Marriage? The Effects of New Forms of Legal Recognition on Marriage Rates in the United States , 51 D EMOGRAPHY   563 (2014) ........................................ 24 Case: 14-31037 Document: 00512814518 Page: 4 Date Filed: 10/24/2014
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