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Ampalaya Production Per Year

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ampa per yr
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   TABLE OF CONTENTS AMPALAYA1.GENERAL INFORMATION PAGES 1.1 Commodity Descriptio!!!!!!!!!!!1 1.2 C #t r$# M$$%emet!!!!!!!!!!... !&'(&.PROD)CTION 2.1 *o# me o+ Prod ctio!!!!!!!!!!!..., 2.1.1 P-i#ippies!!!!!!!!!!!!., 2.1.2 I#ocos Re%io!!!!!!!!!!!. 2.1.3 Top Te Prod ci% Pro/ices!!!!..0 2.2 Prod ctio Are$!!!!!!!!!!!!!..... 2.2.1 P-i#ippies!!!!!!!!!!!.....&.&.&I#ocos Re%io!!!!!!!!!!.....2 2.3 A/er$%e Yie#d!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!13 2.3.1 P-i#ippies!!!!!!!!!!!....13&.4.&I#ocos Re%io!!!!!!!!!!!114.5AR*ESTING 3.1  5$r/esti% C$#ed$r!!!!!!!!!!!!11(.MAR6ETING(.1F$rm G$te Price!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.11'1&(.&Ret$i# Price!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.14(.4Price Tred!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.1('1, 4.4 Dem$d $d S pp#y!!!!!!!!!!!!..1 4.5 M$r7eti% C-$e#!!!!!!!!!!!!!10 5. COMPETITI*E ANALYSIS OF AMPALAYA 5.1 5y8rid Amp$#$y$!!!!!!!!!!!!!..1 5.2 Ope Po##i$ted *$riety!!!!!!!!!!!12 1   COMMODITY PROFILE AMPALAYA 1.GENERAL INFORMATION1.1 Commodity Descriptio Ampalaya, scientifically named as Momordica charantia, is grown widely throughout the Philippines and is considered to be one of the biggest income generating crops. f the two local !arieties, the green and the white fruited, the green is preferred for  both eating and planting. he !ines of this annual herb climb to a length of 3#4 meters, and the plant grows  best in hot, humid areas in altitudes up to 5$$ meters. %itter gourd is adapted to a wide !ariation in rainfall and soils& howe!er, it prefers loams well#drained, rich, organic types with ade'uate water retaining capacity. he plant is cross#pollinated and produces better when trellised.(ifty to se!enty days after sowing the immature fruits are ready for har!esting. hey are boiled, fried, curried or pic)led. *oa)ing the fruit in salted water remo!es some of the bitter taste. +n comparison to the other cucurbits, the bitter gourd is more nutritious with higher le!els of !itamin A and calcium. owe!er, they do not store well. he young shoots and lea!es, also nutritious, are prepared as a !egetable.Ma-or pests include fruit flies, fruit worms, and aphids. he diseases are bacterial wilt, anthracnose and fusarium wilt.2  N tritio$# Cotets per 133 %r$ms o+ Edi8#e PortioAmp$#$y$  Le$/es Fr its P$rt o+ P#$t  $/2water 0ml $25calories 5.11.2protein 0g. $.4$.2fat 0g. 125carbohydrate 0g. $.51.$fibre 0g. 5,$511$!itamin A 0mg. 1$5!itamin  0mg. .1$.2iron 0mg. 2413calcium 0mg. 1.& C #t r$# M$$%emet echnical +nformationariety ã *ta. 6ita 0strains ã Ma)iling ã *ta. +sabela ã 7ade *tar 0A, 8, 98 ã Mayon ã Million :reen*eedling 6ate2#3 )gs. seeds;ha. direct seeded or transplantedulture and Management8and Preparation ã Plow and harrow the field twice to prepare the soil thoroughly ã Ma)e furrows 3 m. apart and apply 5 t;ha. of well#decomposed animal manure two wee)s before planting3  Planting ã rac) seedcoat and soa) in water o!ernight or wrap in cheesecloth before transplanting the ne<t day ã Plant at a spacing of 3 m between rows and 3$ cm between hills using + seed;hill if pre#germinated or transplanted(ertili=ation ã Apply 15#2$ g complete fertili=er 014#14#14 per hill during  planting ã *ide dress with a mi<ture of urea 04#$#$ and muriate of  potash 0$#$#$ at a ratio of 1$#2$ g;hill once a month during dry season and 5#1$ g;hill e!ery two wee)s during wet season. rellissing, ine raining and Pruning ã %itter gourd grows best with o!erhead trellis, construct !ertical trellis 0along the row and o!erhead trellis by combining :+ wire with abaca twine or nylon string on a bamboo or ipil#ipil posts at 3m < 3m spacing or 1.5 m between rows and $.5 cm between hills. ã rain the !ines on the trellis by tying !ines to the !ertical trellis ã 6emo!e e<cess !ines by pruning including female flowers  below the o!erhead trellis ã Allow branching and fruiting on the o!erhead trellis ã Allow fruits to form -ust abo!e the 1$ th  nodear!esting ã ar!esting starts $#/5 days after planting or 15#2$ days after pollination ã he fruits are har!ested when they are green, shiny and in full si=e ã >o priming e!ery 2 or 3 days ã ar!esting can be done continuously for 2#3 monthsPost#har!est ã *ort fruits according to mar)et standards, and remo!e damaged fruits ã Place the fruits in bamboo crates 0)aing lined with newspaper or bamboo lea!es4
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