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Argumentative Essay

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guidelines for doing an argumentative essay
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  ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY 1. Choosing an argumentative topic  is not an easy task. The topic should be such that ã it should be narrowed down X   Marijuana should be considered illegal.  (Not a good topic because it is too general. In some medical cases,marijuana is prescribed by the doctors and the patients are encouraged to use it in case of suffering from too much pain) √   Selling and using arijuana in !ublic !laces should be considered illegal.   ã it should contain an argument X   e should decide #he$her #e #an$ a bic%cle or a car.  (our stand is not clear: do we support haing bicycles or cars!) √   I& #e are under $he age o& '( and #an$ a heal$h% li&e) #e should de&ini$el% ge$ a bic%cle ins$ead o& a car.X   Are %ou one o& $hose #ho $hin*s chea$ing is no$ good &or s$uden$s+  (a uestion cannot be an argument) √ ,hea$ing hel!s s$uden$s learn.X ,onsidering i$s geological !osi$ion) Tur*e% has an i!or$an$ geo!oli$ical role in $he EU.  (facts cannot bearguments) √ ,onsidering i$s geo!oli$ical role) #e can clearl% sa% $ha$ $he EU canno$ be #i$hou$ Tur*e%. ã it should be a topic that can be ade uately supported (with statistics, outside source citations, etc.) X I &eel $ha$ #ri$ing an arguen$a$i-e essa% is de&ini$el% a challenging $as*.  (feelings cannot be supported# we cannot persuade other people)If you beliee that you can find enough eidence to support your idea and refute others effectiely, you can choose challengingtopics as well. $ou can enjoy writing about such topics:%heating is beneficial for students.&tress is good for the human body.'olygamy is uite natural.or women, there is no need for men. . /rgani0a$ion1 ll argumentatie topics hae '*+s and %+Ns. efore starting writing, it is imperatie to make a list of these ideas and choose the most suitable ones among them for supporting and refuting. 3. Supporting our ideas 1 This is the most important part when persuading others. -e are asking some people to change their  beliefs or actions. -e should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics andor authorities that there should not be room for any doubts. /ere are some  faulty supports we should aoid:Thesis: 0eaing the uniersity and starting to work is good for the adolescent because 1 ã eelings, emotional arguments (1  i$ a*es one &eel uch be$$er .) ã Irreleant e2amples (wandering off the topic) (1 he #ould $hen be able $o $a*e his girl&riend $o e2!ensi-eres$auran$s .) ã +ersimplification (1  onl% $hen #ould he unders$and #ha$ i$ eans $o be an adul$. ) ã /asty generali3ations (... i$ is a #idel% *no#n &ac$ $ha$ all adolescen$s loo* &or#ard $o earning one% .) ã 4nreliable, een false outside sources (1 according $o ###.doub$e.co) 3(4 o& #or*ing en #ish $he% 5ui$school #hen $he% #ere a$ uni-ersi$% and s$ar$ed #or*ing a$ an earlier age .) 5 4. Refuting opposing arguments 1 efore we start saying that the opponents are wrong, we should  specify  their opposing ideas.+therwise, it would be like hitting the other person with eyes closed. -e should see clearly what we are hitting and be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back. -e can do this by knowing what we are refuting.e.g. X   Soe !eo!le a% sa% $ha$ adolescen$s should no$ lea-e uni-ersi$% educa$ion6 ho#e-er) $he% are #rong. (whatthey say is not wrong. 6aybe their supporting idea is wrong irreleant insufficient. -e should state their supporting ideaspecifically to be able to refute it.) √   Soe !eo!le a% sa% $ha$ adolescen$s should no$ lea-e uni-ersi$% educa$ion because $he% are no$!h%sicall% and !s%chologicall% a$ure enough $o co!e #i$h $he !robles o& $he real #orld. 7o#e-er) $he% &orge$one &ac$1 adolescen$s can -o$e or s$ar$ dri-ing a$ $he age o& 83 9in soe coun$ries e-en be&ore $ha$ age:;) #hich!ro-es $ha$ $he% are considered !h%sicall% and !s%chologicall% a$ure a$ $ha$ age. 5. Language 1  &ignposts gain importance in the argumentatie essay. They enable the readers to follow our arguments easily.-hen pointing out opposing arguments (%+Ns): 7  /!!onen$s o& $his idea clai < ain$ain $ha$ =Those #ho disagree < are agains$ $hese ideas a% sa% < asser$ $ha$ =Soe !eo!le a% disagree #i$h $his idea. -hen stating specifically why they think like that: The !u$ &or#ard $his idea because =The% clai $ha$ = since = *eaching the turning point: 7o#e-er)bu$/n $he o$her hand) -hen refuting the opposing idea, we may use the following strategies: ã  compromise  but proe that their argument is not powerful enough: The% ha-e a !oin$ in $hin*ing li*e $ha$.To a cer$ain e2$en$ $he% are righ$. ã completely disagree : A&$er seeing $his e-idence) $here is no #a% #e can agree #i$h #ha$ $he% sa%. ã say that their argument is irrelevant   to the topic: ha$ #e are discussing here is no$ #ha$ $he% are $r%ing $o !ro-e. Their arguen$ is irrele-an$. 6. Start writing a draft! &tart as close as possible to your readingresearch8o not concern yourself with grammar or spelling ã ri$e %our &irs$ !aragra!h   o Introduce the topic o Inform the reader of your point of iew9 o ntice the reader to continue with the rest of the paper9 o ocus on three main points to deelop ã Es$ablish &lo# &ro !aragra!h $o !aragra!h   ã >ee! %our -oice ac$i-e   ã ?uo$e sources to establish authority ã S$a% &ocused on your point of iew throughout the essay ã @ocus on logical arguen$s   ã onB$ la!se in$o suar% in the deelopment;;wait for the conclusion ã ,onclusion   o Suari0e) $hen conclude) %our arguen$   o Re&er to the first paragraphopening statement as well as the main points  does the conclusion restate the main ideas!  reflect the succession and importance of the arguments  logically conclude their deelopment! 7. rite our paper! . Re#read our paper  with a fresh mind and a sharp pencil o As* %oursel&1  8oes this make sense! m I coninced!-ill this conince a reader! -ill they understand my alues, and agree with my facts! o Edi$) correc$) and reC#ri$e as necessary o ,hec* s!elling and graar:   o 7a-e a &riend read i$ and respond to your argument. -ere they coninced! o Re-ise  if necessary <  o Turn in $he !a!er   o ,elebra$e a job #ell done) with the confidence that you hae done your best. =
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