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Table of Contents 1 Background Information for Teachers Parent Letter Introducing the Kit to Students plus the Student Quiz Community Resource List Lesson Plans Body Image Body
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Table of Contents 1 Background Information for Teachers Parent Letter Introducing the Kit to Students plus the Student Quiz Community Resource List Lesson Plans Body Image Body Image: Media Influences Grade Body Image: Gender Stereotypes Grade Body Image: Size Discrimination Grade Healthy Eating/Active Living Healthy Eating/Active Living, Sleep and Mental Health Grade Healthy Eating/Active Living, Sleep and Mental Health Grade Healthy Eating/Active Living, Sleep and Mental Health Grade Building Healthy Relationships Building Healthy Relationships: Learning to Listen Grade Building Healthy Relationships: Conflict Resolution Grade Building Healthy Relationships Grade Hope Hope Box Grade Hope Suckers Grade Hope Tree: Community Experience Grade i Stress Stress and Relationships Grade Stress: Managing One Step At A Time Grade Dealing With Stress Grade Preventing Substance Use Substance Use Grade Substance Use Grade Substance Use Grade Cyber Bullying Cyber Bullying Grade Cyber Bullying Grade Cyber Bullying Grade Mental Illness and Suicidal Behavior Grade Transition from Junior High to High School: A Time of Change Grade ii Background Information for Teachers: Be Kind to Yourself and Others Why address Mental Health in Schools? We all want our students to be successful in school and in life. Students, who are healthy -- not only physically, but also socially, intellectually, spiritually, and emotionally -- are more likely to do well in school. Mental health, school success and life success are strongly linked. How is Mental Health different from Mental Illness? It is important to make a clear distinction between mental health and mental illness. Just as we can enjoy good physical health even though we may have a physical illness, we can have good mental health even though we may have a mental illness. Just as we can eat healthy food and participate in physical activity to stay physically healthy, there are things we can do to contribute to our own mental health and the mental health of others. Mental health is about how we feel about ourselves, how we behave, how we think, and how we relate to others. It means being able to cope with the normal stresses of life and have an effect on others in positive ways. The Public Health Agency of Canada describes positive mental health as the capacity of each and all of us to feel, think, and act in ways that enhance our ability to enjoy life and deal with the challenges we face. It is a positive sense of emotional and spiritual well-being that respects the importance of culture, equity, social justice, interconnections and personal dignity. What can Schools do? Schools can: create a positive social climate where students feel safe, cared for and that they belong help students develop skills to cope with stress, adversity, trauma or tragedy help students develop healthy relationships reduce stigma through education help build pathways to care Mental health promotion is embedded throughout the Health & Life Skills Curriculum in the Wellness Choices Outcomes and Relationship Outcomes in elementary and junior high school and throughout the Career and Life Management curriculum in high school. 1 To be most effective, promoting mental health should use a comprehensive school approach which includes: Education for students and their families to create awareness and develop skills A school environment, including policy, that creates a welcoming, caring, respectful and safe learning enviornment that respects diversity and fosters a sense of belonging. Partnership with parents, school councils, local businesses and community agencies. What does the Junior High Mental Health Kit: Be Kind to Yourself and Others include? This kit was created to address mental wellness for grade 7-9 students. It was developed collaboratively by Alberta Health Services (Addiction Prevention/Mental Health Promotion and Public Health) in partnership with Public School Board and Catholic School District. The lesson plans/activities in this kit address topics throughout the Alberta Education Health & Life Skills Program of Study. In addition, each lesson has take home activities to support the learning at home. There are separate lesson plans for each of grades 7, 8 & 9 on the following topics: Healthy Relationships Hope Stress Body Image Healthy Eating, Active Living & Sleep Cyber Bullying Substance Use Mental Illness and Suicide Prevention (specifically for Grade 8) Transition to High School (specifically for Grade 9) Before you Start: Information you need to know! Before teaching these lessons, you may want to inform parents that you will be talking about mental health and to invite their participation in the take-home activities included in each lesson. A sample parent/guardian letter follows. Be prepared to refer students who need support. Be familiar with referral procedures in your school district. We encourage you to complete the template provided and list local resources to support youth and families. Your community may also have a 211 list of Resources for Mental Health such as the example given for. The Teacher Guide section of this kit provides a way to introduce mental wellness to your students. The student Quiz will help to identify which topics are important to address first. 2 Using this Resource Beyond the Classroom: Another way to use the lesson plans is to organize a Student Mental Wellness Fair and rotate students through activity stations based on the lesson plans. The stations could be facilitated by a teacher, school nurse, or even an older student. Training older students to facilitate the stations helps them to develop leadership skills and be involved in peer education within their school setting. If you organize a Student Mental Wellness Fair, you may want to invite parents to attend the event. Consider incorporating the event into your Demonstration of Learning/Student Led Conferences. This is especially effective if students are leading the education station. There is a greater chance that parents will come to the event if their child is doing a presentation. You could use the lesson plans as part of broader monthly or weekly themes around mental wellness. Each month or week could focus on a different topic from the kit while bulletin boards, announcements, and activities could support the message. Other ways to promote mental wellness in your school community: Use a whole school approach involving students, parents and community partners to create a welcoming, caring, respectful and safe learning environment that may include some of the following: N N N N Gathering information from various groups about how welcoming and caring the school is from their perspective. (Consider using the Walk Around: Teacher Companion Tool, https://education.alberta.ca/admin/ supportingstudent/safeschools.) Brainstorming ways to promote mental wellness, e.g., positive recognition events, staff wellness events, peer mentoring. Ensuring that inappropriate behaviours such as teasing and bullying are addressed with consequences that focus on collaborative problem solving, reconciliation and restorative practices rather than punitive measures. Teaching social emotional learning skills. Encourage parents to start talking about positive mental health with their families. Alberta Education s Mental Health Matters has created conversation starter cards which include: questions that can be used during dinner or while driving; suggestions for fun family activities to help families stay connected; and reminders that build healthy relationships. ca/media/ /mhm-tipsheets-junior-senior.pdf Put wellness articles into the parent newsletters or on the school website. For articles that can be used, check out the Healthy Children, Healthy Teens newsletters for parents on the Alberta Health Services website: 3 Educate staff about the early warning signs of mental health concerns for students, themselves and their colleagues. It is important to know what to do if they recognize problems (make sure to complete the template with your community resources). Talking about mental illness does not make it worse. Some of the most common mental health concerns in youth are anxiety, depression and eating disorders. Consider becoming a trained Mental Health First Aid responder. For more information go to the Mental Health First Aid website at 4 Date: Dear Parent/Guardian, I would like to tell you about a set of lessons being taught in your child s classroom in the next week(s). The lessons are from a kit called Be Kind To Yourself & Others. This kit was developed in partnership with Alberta Health Services (Addiction Prevention/Mental Health Promotion and Public Health) in partnership with Public School Board and Catholic School District. The kit was made as a resource to support the areas of the Alberta Education Health and Life Skills Program of Studies that deal with mental wellness. My hope is that the activities in this kit will help youth learn about their strengths, and give them ideas to support their mental wellness. A sample of topics includes: developing healthy relationships having hope dealing with stress having a positive body image developing good habits around eating, exercise and getting enough sleep dealing with cyber bullying preventing substance use addressing the stigma about mental illness and suicide prevention transitioning from Junior High to High School Why address mental wellness? Youth today are experiencing more and more stress and anxiety than ever before. These lessons will help your teen learn skills that will support their mental wellbeing, physical health, and even school achievement. We hope that you can have some talks with your teen about the activities they will be doing during these lessons. We encourage you to help them with their take home activities that are part of each lesson. Together, we can have a positive influence on youth and provide them with the skills they need to achieve mental wellness. Sincerely, 5 Introducing the Kit to Students plus the Student Quiz Discuss with students: 1 What does being healthy mean to you? Health is a resource for everyday life. Health is influenced by many things, i.e., income, education, genetics, culture, gender, health services, justice, and personal choices. Health has two parts: physical health and mental health. Someone can still be healthy if they have a long-term chronic health condition, like diabetes or depression, as long as they look after their health condition. 2 What does mental wellness mean to you? It is not just the absence of mental illness. Being mentally well can help someone to reach their full potential. It is affected by the things we do over the day, like getting enough sleep, proper nutrition and adequate physical activity. Physical, mental and spiritual health are all closely interconnected, i.e., what s happening with one impacts the others. Activity Start by having students do the Be Kind to Yourself & Others Quiz located in this section (remind students that it is anonymous). After the students have completed the quiz, discuss how each statement impacts mental wellness. Collect all the student s quiz and collate the results. See Lesson Correlation to Quiz in this section for associated lesson plans. If student responses are mostly positive, consider discussing with the class what lesson topics they would enjoy learning more about. If you have a number of problematic responses to individual questions, you may want to address it with the whole class by teaching the corresponding lesson plan. Encourage students to ask for help if difficult feelings arise during the quiz or other lessons throughout the unit (see local resource list included in Resource Section of binder, for appropriate supports). 7 Be Kind to Yourself & Others Quiz Take this quiz to learn how you re being kind to yourself and others. Pick one answer. Question Often Sometimes Never I think I am good at developing healthy relationships with others. I often skip meals. I feel hopeful most of the time. I usually do not get enough sleep at night. I usually manage stress in a healthy way. I feel judged by others based on what I look like. I seldom do any exercise, even walking. I have received disturbing messages on my cell phone from another student. I sometimes have a drink of alcohol with my friends on week-ends. Grade 8 Students only: I am worried about someone because I think they might be depressed, or have other mental health problems. Grade 9 Students only: I feel prepared to go to a new school next year for high school. Thank you! Have fun using this quiz in your classroom to talk about how you can continue to be kind to yourself and others. 8 Lesson Correlation to Quiz Question: I think I am good at developing healthy relationships with others. I often skip meals. Associated Lesson Plans in the Mental Wellness Kit: Healthy Relationships (Grades 7, 8, 9) Healthy Eating, Active Living & Sleep (Grades 7, 8, 9) I feel hopeful most of the time. Hope (Grades 7, 8, 9) I usually do not get enough sleep at night. I usually manage stress in a healthy way. I feel judged by others based on what I look like. I seldom do any exercise, even walking. I have received disturbing messages on my cell phone from another student. I sometimes have a drink with my friends on week-ends. Healthy Eating, Active Living & Sleep (Grades 7, 8, 9) Stress (Grades 7, 8, 9) Body Image (Grades 7, 8, 9) Healthy Eating, Active Living & Sleep (Grades 7, 8, 9) Cyber Bullying (Grades 7, 8, 9) Substance Use (Grades 7, 8, 9) Grade 8 Students only: I am worried about someone because I think they might be depressed, or have other mental health problems. Grade 9 Students only: I feel prepared to go to a new school next year for high school. Mental Illness & Suicide Prevention (Grade 8) Transition to High School (Grade 9) Thank you! Have fun using this quiz in your classroom to talk about how you can continue to be kind to yourself and others. 9 Evaluating the Mental Health Kit We hope the Junior High School Mental Health Kit Be Kind to Yourself and Others assists teachers in presenting various mental wellness concepts, and meeting the corresponding outcomes of the Alberta Education Health and Life Skills Curriculum. Since the educators who use this kit are the best people to identify its strengths and weaknesses, please provide us some feedback. We appreciate feedback on all aspects of the kit, from the Classroom Introduction to individual lesson plans. Please copy as many pages of this evaluation as you need, and identify which component you are providing feedback on. Thank you for your time in helping us to improve this resource! How do you rate: section being evaluated Very Not At All If not (2 or 1) please explain: 1 Useful? Easy to understand? Well organized? Received well by students? Linked to Health Curriculum? Other comments Please forward your evaluations to your school nurse, Or FAX to: Public Health, School Health Consultant: Instructions for Making the Be Kind to Yourself and Others Kit This kit consists of a manual with several lesson plans on various topics, including corresponding activities. If you have received an electronic copy of the manual, you will require only a binder and dividers to make this kit. Please note: There is a section in this manual to include a Resource List, in the event that the student or family needs referral for assistance. Please take the time to complete this section. We have included a template that can be completed with your local resources. 11 Community Mental Health Resources for Youth and Families Mental health related resources are located in many communities. Find out the resource agencies in your community and complete this list for easy reference in case a student or family needs assistance. Local Community Mental Health Clinic: Local Distress Lines: Local Hospital: Local Community Health Centre: Health Link Alberta Call Centre: Canadian Mental Health Association: For information about the CMHA Branch in your area, please see the CMHA National website at Your School District Support Services: Kid s Help Phone: Other: 13 Resources for Mental Health May 2015 Visit to obtain a new copy if more than 6 months old. Assessment / Testing / Treatment Alberta Health Services (AHS) Community Mental Health Clinic Child and Adolescent Mental Health Intake (4.5-18yrs) University of Alberta Hospital Psychiatric Treatment Clinic CASA Child, Adolescent & Family Mental Health (under 5yrs; for 5-18yrs access through Child and Adolescent Mental Health Intake, see above) Psychologists Association of Alberta Psychologist Referral Service TALK (8255) University of Alberta - Faculty of Education Clinical Services (September-April) Advocacy / Information / Referral Alzheimer Society of Alberta Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) The Office of the Alberta Health Advocates Mental Health Patient Advocate Schizophrenia Society of Alberta Wellness Network, The Support Network Wellness Quiz... Employment / Living Skills / Training Alberta Health Services (AHS) Community Mental Health Clinic DECSA - Assets for Success EmployAbilities Excel Society x221 Goodwill Industries of Alberta On Site Placement (OSP) Prosper Place Clubhouse Volunteer - Volunteer Connections Recreation and Social Programs Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) Community Linking Program Committee Challenge by Choice Prosper Place Clubhouse Inner City Mental Health Services Bissell Centre x166 Boyle McCauley Health Centre Boyle Street Community Services E4C Immigrant Mental Health Services Mennonite Centre for Newcomers Multicultural Health Brokers Co-op Ltd Crisis (call 911 if in immediate danger) Alberta Health Services (AHS) - Mental Health Community Urgent Services and Stabilization Team (FKA: Adult Crisis Response Team; 24/7) Children s Mental Health - Crisis Line Mental Health Help Line (24/7) Crisis Support Centre, The Support Network Distress Line (24/7) HELP (4357) Government of Alberta Mental Health Apprehension Warrant Suicide Education and Support CMHA - Community Education Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training (ASIST) Crisis Support Centre, The Support Network... Distress Line (24/7) HELP (4357) Suicide Grief Support Program (SGSP) Suicide Caregiver / Bereavement Support Services Mood Disorders - Educational Groups Catholic Social Services Family Living Program - Creating a Positive Perspective / Overcoming Depression and Adversity (10 weeks; 18 + yrs; $300; limited subsidies) Housing / Supported Independent Living Alberta Health Services (AHS) Community Care Access (eligibility assessments for programs in residential settings) Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) Housing Program E4C Support Groups Alberta Caregivers Association Alberta Health Services (AHS) Family Matters Support Group Anorexics and Bulimics Anonymous Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) Drop-In Family Peer Support Group Co-Dependents Recovery Society ElderCare - Caregiver Support CARE (2273) Emotions Anonymous (depressed, anxious, etc.) Organization for Bipolar Affective Disorders Schizophrenia Society of Alberta Walk-in Counselling Society of Healthy Living with Bipolar Diagnosis Steps to Wellness for Anxiety and Depression For counselling options available in your area Dial within for more information or if you cannot find the particular service you are looking for. If 211 is not yet available in your area call INFO (4636). Inclusion of an agency or service on this list does not constitute an endorsement by 211. 16 Body Image: Media Influences Alberta Education Health & Life Skills Program of Studies Outcomes 7Grade The student will W 7.2 W 7.4 Examine personal grooming/cleanliness, and evaluate the impact of grooming/cosmetic advertisements on personal grooming habits/ choices. Analyze the messages and approaches used by the media to promote certain body images and lifestyle choices. R 7.1 Analyze ho
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