Travel & Places

Case for Learning Design

Published
of 40
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Description
Designing Learning Interventions that Last Sheila Jagannathan, Elearning Practice World Bank Institute Agenda 1. Case for Learning Design 2. Systematic Design Process 3. Examples of Blended Learning 4.
Transcript
Designing Learning Interventions that Last Sheila Jagannathan, Elearning Practice World Bank Institute Agenda 1. Case for Learning Design 2. Systematic Design Process 3. Examples of Blended Learning 4. Monitoring and Evaluating Your Programs Designing Learning Interventions that Last GDLN Workshop Case for Learning Design What is Learning Design? Tell me, and I will forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I will understand. What we have to learn to do, we learn by doing. Increase learning effectiveness Systematic approach for designing learning Reduce costs Make learning more engaging Reach more learners Reduce costs $ Example of traditional workshop Topic 1 Expert 1 Topic 2 Expert 2 Question session Topic 3 Expert 3 Topic 4 Expert 4 debate Participants and speakers travel to site Varying degrees of entry level knowledge $ The workshop re-designed Before workshop Multi Media + e-learning materials + During workshop Discussion on how to apply knowledge 2 hour face-to-face with expert guide = blended learning How to do learning design? ADDIE Model Define Outcomes & Learning Objectives (Analyze/ Design) Identify Learning Methods (Design) Select Tools (Design) Assemble Program (Develop) 5 Monitor & Evaluate Program (Evaluate) Behaviorists: Learning is acquisition of new behavior Constructivists: Learning is active construction of knowledge Robert Gagne Lev Vygotsky B. F. Skinner Cognitivists: Learning is Process of Acquiring and storing knowledge Jerome Bruner Social Constructivists: Learning is A social process 8 The Principles of Andragogy Adults Malcolm Knowles 1. are autonomous and need the freedom to direct themselves 2. know their goals 3. connect learning to their own experience 4. must see a reason for learning something: apply the new knowledge in their work or life. Designing Learning Interventions that Last Systematic Approach to Learning Design 1 Define Assemble 5 Define Outcomes & Objectives - Identify the audience - Set the learning objectives Identify Learning Methods - Choose the appropriate methods to reach the objectives Select tools - Pick the appropriate delivery modes - Select the tools that best facilitate the identified methods program - Group and organize methods in a series of events - Assemble the events to a program Monitor and evaluate the program - Determine what level of evaluation is appropriate - Compare actual with desired outcomes Needs Assessment Documents Observations Audience Characteristics Organization Characteristics Institutional Environment Discussions Interviews Surveys A Needs Assessment can be a formal, in-depth study, or an informal review Common Learning Outcomes Raise Awareness Facilitate Consensus And Teamwork Assist in Formulating Policy/ Strategy Implement Plans/ New Approaches Enhance Skills Foster Networks General understanding of issues Get people working together to address the relevant issues Build greater knowledge of specific issues and approaches Apply the new knowledge, skills and attitudes to work environmen t Enhance specific skills necessary to implement the initiatives Facilitate interactions between knowledgeabl e persons to promote best practices Smaller initiatives may address one or two outcomes Comprehensive initiatives can address several types of outcomes Identifying the Audience General audience characteristics: Size of audience Geographical distribution Cultural Background Position in Society Level of Literacy Gender Language Baseline knowledge: Level of existing knowledge of topics Identify who can influence change: Who needs the specific knowledge, skills or attitudes Work roles and responsibilities Learning Objectives Learning objectives are statements that describe the specific actions that a person will be able to perform once they complete the learning experience. Outcomes For example: Identify the precise range of environment impacts and estimate their relative importance. Bloom s Taxonomy: Cognitive Levels of Thinking Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Higher level processes build on the lower levels Benjamin Bloom Comprehension Knowledge Writing Objectives Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Evaluation Synthesis Know Comprehend Apply/Analyze Create Evaluate arrange, define, describe, label, list, memorize, recognize explain, reiterate, classify reword, summarize, discuss, interpret, paraphrase use,apply, compare, implement, manage, produce interpret, structure, examine, establish assemble modify integrate re-arrange assess, compare, review, justify, defend Assemble 5 Define Outcomes & Objectives - Identify the audience - Set learning objectives Identify Learning Methods - Choose the appropriate methods to reach the objectives Select tools - Pick the appropriate delivery modes - Select the tools that best facilitate identified methods program - Group and organize methods in a series of events - Assemble events to a program Monitor and evaluate the program - Determine what level of evaluation is appropriate - Compare actual with desired outcomes C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Learning Methods Basic pedagogical building blocks of our activities Brainstorming Discussion Forum Interview Role Play Buzz Session Expert Panel Lecture Scenario Comparison Case-based Learning Expert Speaker Listening teams Simulation Concept Maps Follow Up Problem-based Learning Tests Demonstration Game-based Learning Project-based Learning Other Methods Glossary Readings Learning methods are format-independent Example: Case Study Case Document Case Documentary Movie / Interviews Case Story Via Audio Narrative Multimedia case presentation Face to face Case presentation Case study on location C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Desired Outcome: Knowledge & Learning Outcomes Cognitive Levels of Thinking Remember Understand Apply, Analyze Evaluate Create Objectives arrange, define, describe, label, list, memorise, recognise, relate, reproduce, select, state explain, reiterate, reword, critique, classify, summarize, illustrate, translate, review, report, discuss, re-write, estimate, interpret, theorize, paraphrase, reference, example use, apply, discover, manage, execute, solve, produce, implement, construct, change, prepare, conduct, perform, react, respond, role-play analyse, break down, catalogue, compare, quantify, measure, test, examine, experiment, relate, graph, diagram, plot, extrapolate, value, divide, mulate, propose, establish, assemble, integrate, rearrange, modify review, justify, assess, present a case for, defend, report on, investigate, direct, appraise, argue, projectmanage Methods Demonstration, Walk through Expert guest speaker Glossary (reading) Lecture Panel of experts Readings Case based Learning (Description) Ice Breaker / Energizer Test (match items) Test (fill in blanks) Test (find/identify) Test (correct/false) Test (multiple choice) Test (put into order) Buzz Session Conceptual map Glossary (Editing) Listening Team Journaling Peer Review / Peer Assist Report Summary Survey Test (match items) Test (fill in blanks) Test (find/identify) Test (correct/false) Test (multiple choice) Test (put into order) Action Plan Case based Learning (Analysis) Visualization Game based learning Interviewing Debates Peer Review / Peer Assist Project based learning Role play Brainstorm (Reflection) Buzz Session Discussion Forum (Analysis) Problem based Learning Round Table Scenario Comparison Simulation After-Action Review Brainstorming (Evaluation) Buzz Session Case based Learning (Performance) Problem based learning Scenario comparison Simulation Discussion Forum (Evaluation) Follow Up Summary Survey Report (Evaluation) Action Plan Brainstorming Scenario comparison Simulation Discussion Forum Project based Learning Assemble 5 Define Outcomes & Objectives - Identify the audience - Set learning objectives Identify Learning Methods - Choose the appropriate methods to reach the objectives Select tools - Pick the appropriate delivery modes - Select the tools that best facilitate identified methods program - Group and organize methods in a series of events - Assemble events to a program Monitor and evaluate the program - Determine what level of evaluation is appropriate - Compare actual with desired outcomes C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. The Types of Delivery Modes Face to Face E-Learning Delivery modes are the channels through which participants interact with each other or with the content and with the experts. Video Conferencing C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Broadcast Media (Radio & TV) and Print The Characteristics of Delivery Modes SYNCHRONOUS Live interactions Face to face Video- Conferencing - Dialogue - Discuss - Debate - Role play ASYNCHRONOUS Interactions not at same time E-learning Print Broadcast - Reflect - Interact - Follow Up Build Trust Time for Reflection C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Selecting Delivery Modes - constraints influence selection Constraints Audience Access to Technology (electricity, technical equipment, Internet) The External Environment (war, natural disasters, environment) Cost influences the Channel Selection Budget $ F2F VC E-learning Participants reached C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Blending Delivery Modes Face to Face E-Learning BLENDED LEARNING Video Conferencing C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Tacit vs. Explicit Knowledge Print/Presentation Tools - Brochure - Workbook - Checklist - PowerPoint Presentation - Excel Spreadsheet - Case Document - Facilitation Guideline - Newsletter Audio-Visual Tools - Video Clip - Audio Clip / Podcast - Multimedia Presentation - Simulation / Model - Game - Video/Audio Live Stream - AV Newsletter - Radio Direct Interaction Tools - Facilitation Techniques (Activities using flipcharts, post-its, polling tools, etc.) Distance Interaction Tools - Web-based Tools (E-Discussion Forum, , Blog, Wiki, E-Survey, Live Collaboration Tools, Existing Social Networking Platforms) - Interactive Video Conferencing Tools (Facilities, such as GDLN that use multi-screens, documents cameras, etc.) C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. What is the right tool for my purpose? How do I use it in the best possible way? Assemble 5 Define Outcomes & Objectives - Identify the audience - Set the learning objectives Identify Learning Methods - Choose the appropriate methods to reach -the objectives Select tools - Pick the appropriate delivery modes - Select the tools that best facilitate the imethods program - Group and organize methods in a series of events - Assemble the events to a program Monitor and evaluate the program - Determine what level of evaluation is appropriate - Compare actual with desired outcomes OUTCOME OBJECTIVE OBJECTIVE METHOD METHOD TOOL TOOL OUTCOME Object DELIVERY MODE DELIVERY MODE OBJECTIVE OBJECTIVE METHOD DELIVERY MODE TOOL TOOL OUTCOME OBJECTIVE METHOD DELIVERY MODE TOOL Phase 4: Assemble Program Event (a set of objects, each consisting of objective, method, tool + delivery mode) Phase 4: Assemble Program Program Designing Learning Interventions that Last GDLN Workshop Examples of Blended Learning Discussion Assemble 5 Define Outcomes & Objectives - Identify the audience - Set the learning objectives Identify Learning Methods - Choose the appropriate methods to reach the objectives Select tools - Pick the appropriate delivery modes - Select the tools that best facilitate the identified methods program - Group and organize methods in a series of events - Assemble the events to a program Monitor and evaluate the program - Determine what level of evaluation is appropriate - Compare actual with desired outcomes What is monitoring and evaluation? Monitoring and evaluation is a formal process for evaluating a learning program. Investigating the value of a learning event or learner s performance compared to what was expected. Monitoring when cook evaluates the product Goal improve quality Evaluation when guests evaluate the product Goal determine real world results C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Evaluation How well participants liked a learning intervention? Donald Kirkpatrick Level 1 Reaction Level 1 Reaction Level 2 Learning Level 3 Behavior Level 4 Results Questions about: Usefulness Relevance Satisfaction Background Information C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Evaluation Level 1 Reaction Level 2 Learning How much did participants learn? Level 3 Behavior Level 4 Results Changes in knowledge Pre-test Post-test C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Evaluation Did participants change workplace behavior as a result of the learning intervention Level 1 Reaction Level 2 Learning Level 3 Behavior Level 4 Results Learning Event Transfer Supervisors comments Observations Work Behavior C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Evaluation How did learning intervention affect organization? Level 1 Reaction Level 2 Learning Level 3 Behavior Level 4 Results Improvements in: Quality Quantity Efficiency Costs Morale Consider evaluation from the beginning when writing objectives C 2010, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved. Consider evaluation from the beginning Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Synthesis Evaluation Know Comprehend Apply/Analyze Create Evaluate arrange, define, describe, label, list explain, reiterate, classify reword, summarize, discuss, interpret, paraphrase use,apply, compare, implement, manage, produce interpret, structure, examine, establish assemble modify integrate re-arrange assess, compare, review, justify, defend Designing Learning Interventions that Last GDLN Workshop Questions & Discussion
Search
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks