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Chapter 14_ Material Requirements Planning (MRP) and ERP

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Operations Management
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  Multiple Choice This activity contains 17 questions. The list of quantities of components, ingredients, and materials required to produce aproduct is the   engineering change notice.   bill-of-materials.   master schedule.   purchase order.  ____________ allows a segment of the master schedule to be designated as not tobe rescheduled.   Regenerative MRP   Time fence   System nervousness   Pegging A lot-sizing technique that generates exactly what was required to meet the plan is   economic order quantity.   lot-for-lot.   the Wagner-Whitin algorithm.   part period balancing. Breaking up the order and running part of it ahead of schedule is known as   operations splitting.   lot splitting.   overlapping.   pegging. The difference between a gross material requirements plan (gross MRP) and a netmaterial requirements plan (net MRP) is   the net MRP includes consideration of the inventory on hand, whereas the gross    MRP does not.   the gross MRP includes consideration of the inventory on hand, whereas the netMRP does not.   the gross MRP doesn't take taxes into account, whereas the net MRP includes thetax considerations.   the gross MRP may not be computerized, but the net MRP must be computerized. A phantom bill-of-materials is a bill-of-materials developed for   a module that is a major component of a final product.   a final product for which production is to be discontinued.   the purpose of grouping subassemblies when we wish to issue kits for later use.   a subassembly that exists only temporarily. Which of the following lot-sizing techniques is likely to prove the most complex touse?   part period balancing (PPB)   the Wagner-Whitin algorithm   economic order quantity (EOQ)   lot-for-lot When a bill-of-materials is used in order to assign an artificial parent to a bill-of-materials, it is usually called a   pick list.   planning bill-of-materials.   phantom bill-of-materials.   modular bill-of-materials. The operations manager has several tools available to deal with MRP systemnervousness. Those tools are   time fences and pegging.   buckets with back flush.   pseudo bills and kits.   net and gross requirements.  An MRP system that provides feedback to the capacity plan, master productionschedule, and production plans is called   load report.   system nervousness.   lot-sizing.   closed-loop MRP. A time-phased stock-replenishment plan for all levels of a supply chain is called   ERP.   MRP II.   MRP.   DRP. Which of the following is an advantage of ERP?   requires major changes to the company and its processes   is simple enough that companies have an easy time adjusting to it   creates commonality of databases   is very inexpensive to purchase Use the product structure tree and the inventory records to determine how manyitem Cs should be ordered in order to produce 20 phones. Item On-Hand A5  B5C5D25E4F20  105   120   115   97 Use the product structure tree and the lead time information (in weeks) to determinewhen an order for Fs should be placed to deliver phones in week 10 if the phonesrequire 2 weeks to assemble. Assume there is no starting inventory for anycomponent or end item. Item LeadTime A2B1C3D2E3F2  week 3   week 2   week 5   week 4 A(n) ________ system provides feedback to the capacity plan, master productionschedule and production plan.

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Jul 23, 2017
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