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DICHY_Foundations of Arabic Linguistics-3_23-10-14.ppt

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On the emergence of Arabic dictionary making in the 2 nd and 3 rd cent. H: al-Ḫalīl, Ibn Durayd, al-Jawharī and Ibn Fâris (working slide show) Joseph Dichy, Université Lumière-Lyon 2 and ICAR-CNRS/Lyon 2, ENS-Lyon Rersearch Lab Foundations of Arabic Linguistics III – Paris – 23,24/10/2014 1 Arabic Lexicography  Too little number of studies:  Haywood, 1960 – and later papers ã John A. Haywood, Arabic Lexicography. Its History and its Pla
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   On the emergence of Arabic dictionary making in the 2 nd  and 3 rd  cent. H: al- Ḫalīl , Ibn Durayd, al- Jawharī   and Ibn Fâris (working slide show) Joseph Dichy,   Université Lumière-Lyon 2 and ICAR-CNRS/Lyon 2, ENS-Lyon Rersearch Lab <joseph.dichy@univ-lyon2.fr> Foundations of Arabic Linguistics III –  Paris –  23,24/10/2014   1   Arabic Lexicography  Too little number of studies:  Haywood, 1960 –  and later papers ã John A. Haywood,  Arabic Lexicography. Its History and its Place in the general History of Lexicography,  Leiden, Brill, 1960    A ḥmad   „  Abd al- Ġafūr    „Aṭṭār  , 1956   ã Introductory volume to al- Jawharī , al- Ṣ i  ḥ ā ḥ   (or al- Ṣ a ḥ ā ḥ ), Cairo, 1956, reprint: Beirut, Dār  al-  „ ilm li-l- malāyīn , 1979, 6 vol. plus one.    Daniel Reig –  a few remarkable papers  Very recently (special thanks to Manuella Giolfo): ãDichy J., “Al - Ḫ alīl‟s Conjecture: how the First Comprehensive Dictionary in History was invented ”, in Giolfo, Manuella (ed.),  Arab and Arabic Linguistics: Traditional and New Theoretical Approaches,  (Journal of Semitic Studies Supplement Series). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2014, p. 39-64  Etc.   unfair to many works! ãMa„tūk  and Na ṣṣ ār  very criticisable 2 Joseph Dichy - 23-10-14  Who “invented” the dictionary?    According to Alain Rey ( Dictionnaire amoureux des dictionnaires ), 2 answers could be given: ã China: Xu Shen‟s  (58-147) Shuôwén  Jiězi     = « explained pictograms ( wen ) and ideo-phonograms (  zi  ), the 2 categories of Chinese characters. Number of entries: only 9353 characters and 1163 variants, under 540 keys. ã Medieval Arabic scholars with the Kit  āb  al- ‘ ayn, due to Al- Khalīl  bn ‟  A ḥ mad al- Farāhīdī , d. v. 175 H/792. 3 Joseph Dichy - 23-10-14  The two do not actually compare  Neither in aim: ã pictograms vs sound related to meaning  Nor in scope: ã Al- Khalîl‟s  work aimed at lexical comprehensiveness ã The Shuôwén  Jiězi   did not aim at comprehensive coverage 4 Joseph Dichy - 23-10-14
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