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Digital Divide Powerpoint

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1. <ul><li>THE SECOND DIGITAL DIVIDE </li></ul> 2. The Second Digital Divide <ul><li>Because access rates to the Internet have…
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  • 1. <ul><li>THE SECOND DIGITAL DIVIDE </li></ul>
  • 2. The Second Digital Divide <ul><li>Because access rates to the Internet have increased substantially in the United States, researchers have turned their attention to the issue of the so-called, “second-level digital divide.” </li></ul><ul><li>The second digital divide refers to the inequalities in Internet use due to class, race, gender, and other social characteristics. </li></ul>
  • 3. Equal Access to the Internet Does Not Equate to Equal Acess to Social Resources <ul><li>People of higher economic status tend to own computers and have access to the Internet in their homes. This in turn allows them to be online whenever they choose, whereas socioeconomically disadvantaged people often have limited access to the Internet via libraries, school, work, or through friends/family. </li></ul><ul><li>Not being able to be online all the time restricts ‘poor peoples’ ability to fully participate in the social networks and activities that make up human interaction and communication over the web. </li></ul>
  • 4. Other Factors <ul><li>Access to the Internet’s social networks requires digital literacy. Therefore it follows that those with higher levels of education and literacy have greater access to the Internet’s social networks than those who do not. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who are illiterate are automatically excluded from text-based online communication (IM, blogging, etc.) and those who are “poorly educated” are self-selected out of “high culture” online blogrings, forums, and sites. Thus a segment of the population lacks access to these social networks regardless of their access to the Internet itself. </li></ul>
  • 5. A Case Study: IM versus MySpace Use <ul><li>The scholarly article I read compared usage of IM (instant messaging) and multimedia social networking website MySpace by 5 th , 7 th , and 10 th graders in suburban schools and inner-city schools in the Philadelphia metro area. </li></ul><ul><li>In the sample populations selected, students from the suburban schools were targeted such that the majority of suburban student respondents came from white, middle-class families in more affluent suburbs and such that the majority of inner-city student respondents came from black, poor families where the majority of school students were on subsidized lunch programs. </li></ul>VS
  • 6. Is there really a second digital divide? <ul><li>The findings of Zhao et al., show that the traditional symptoms of the class/race divide do in fact carryover into the digital world. </li></ul><ul><li>The results show that inner-city teens are more likely than suburban teens to use MySpace and conversely that suburban teens are more likely than inner-city teens to use IM. </li></ul><ul><li>This urban-suburban differential becomes more pronounced among those who only use MySpace or only use IM. </li></ul>Survey Says: Yes
  • 8. What does this mean? <ul><li>This study provides clear evidence that there is an innercity versus suburban differential in teen adoption of My- </li></ul><ul><li>Space and IM. While inner-city teens are more likely than suburban teens to use MySpace, suburban teens are more </li></ul><ul><li>likely than inner-city teens to use IM, and this pattern becomes </li></ul><ul><li>more prominent among those who use only MySpace or only IM. This differential may be attributable to the known disparity in the basic literacy skills between inner-city and suburban teens. Because spelling and fast-typing are central to IM use, kids who are weak in these aspects may shun such </li></ul><ul><li>activities. </li></ul>To effectively engage in IM, one needs to have not only constant access to a networked computer but also a network of “buddies” who are frequently online for one to chat with. Obviously, this requires a lifestyle that is not commonly associated with teenagers from low-income families in the innercity.
  • 9. Discussion <ul><li>What is the greater problem: the first digital divide, or the second digital divide? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the second digital divide a consequence of technology or of societal factors? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some ways we can overcome the second digital divide? </li></ul>
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