Dryden Satire

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  John Dryden  MacFlecknoe Introduction John Dryden, an English poet who was born at Northamptonshire in August 9, 1631 wasknown as the founder of English literary ritiism and the formulator of a new style of poetie!pression whih is alled heroi ouplet #heatly, 19$%& '() *atire was his new style of  poeti forms) +armsworth 19$%( defines that satire is a literary work intended to arouseridiule, ontempt or disgust at abuses and follies of a man and his institutions) t aims at theorretion of malpraties by inspiring both indignation and laughter with a mi!ture of ritiism and wit) -ne of the famous satiri poems of Dryden is  MacFlecknoe.  .his poemtreats its sub/et, .homas *hadwell, with irony and ridiule)As an English poet, John Dryden is lassified as lassi writer) At a glane, Dryden0s poems,when ompared to romanti erses, found laking that loe of nature) +is erses areommonly simple) +e loed to apply intelletual approah) 2rower 19'9( omments himthat the whole aount of poeti omposition indiates learly that Dryden sought for intelletual strength and rational preision in form) .his indiation is found as well in  MacFlecknoe.  n this poem the impression of Dryden as a bold satirist is found) About the poem (MacFlecknoe)  -lier old *mith in his artile The Beauties of English Poetry   196$(,as it is 4uoted by #heatly writes&.he seerenity of this satire, and the e!ellene of its ersifiation gie it a distinguished rank in this speies of omposition) At present, an ordinary reader would sarely suppose that*hadwell, who is here meant by 5aleknoe, was worth being hastised, and that Dryden,desending to suh game, was like an eagle stooping to ath flies) .he truth howeer is,*hadwell at one time held diided reputation with this great poet) Eery age produes itsfashionable danes, who, by following the transient topi or humor of the day, supplytalkatie ignorane with materials for onersation) #heatly, 196$& 161()  7eali8ing the importane of  MacFlecknoe  as Dryden0s satire, this artile is intended todesribe the poet0s satiri style) .he analysis on the poem is basially foali8ed on the poem0sontent) 5eanwhile historial and politial situation of the Augustan period bak the analysisup signifiantly) Historical and political background Earl of *haftesbury used the terror attending the opish lot the period of 16$:16:;( toseure his politial ends) #heatly) 19$%() .his period was known as the 4uarrel between<harles and James for the kingship) *haftesbury tried to bring James to trial with theausation for religious non=onformity) Een he brought armed followers to the arliamentat -!ford) or his ations whih were against the rown, he was sent to the .ower, aused of high treason)5eanwhile the #hig grand /ury re/eted the harge and *haftesbury was released) >pon thisrelease *haftesbury0s followers struk a medal in his honour) John Dryden, then, ritii8ed*haftesbury in his satirial poem entitled The Medal. .his latest poem prooked Dryden0sopponent, .homas *hadwell to write The Medal of John Bayes  as the answer for the satire).homas *hadwell was formerly Dryden0s lose friend) .heir enmity was muh aused byliterary dispute) t was belieed that  Mac Flecknoe  was an answer toward *hadwell0s The Medal of John Bayes. 7ihard leknoe 16;; =16$:( was *hadwell atron in poetry) leknoe was a erse writer who got many ritiisms beause of his poetial weaknesses) Andrew 5arwell alled 7ihardleknoe an English priest at 7ome, while Dryden named him a rine of Dullness) 7ihardleknoe as a prine of dullness had to prepare the way for his son, 5aleknoe, who was belieed by Dryden to be a ?true son of unrelieed darkness and stupidity@ #heatly,19$1()>nderstanding this historial and politial situation will proide learer way of understandingthe ontent of  MacFlecknoe. The Analysis on the Content of MacFlecknoe  n its opening lines of  MacFlecknoe  introdue leknoe who is omparable to emperor Augustus who has power in the realms of nonsense) .he faulty of the poet in reating satireis on his giing alue on any element that he onsiders alueless) Dryden praises 7ihardleknoe for his ignorane in poeti world) n this ondition he deides to settle the 4uestionof suession) #hile looking for a suessor he has deided on *hadwell who must reign).he reason is, it is *hadwell who an imitate the bad poetry 7ihard leknoe had written).his idea is in line with the following lines of  MacFlecnoe. tis resoldB for nature pleads that he *hould only rule, who most resembles me&*h alone my perfet image bears,5ature in dullness from his tender years)*h alone of all my sons, is he#ho stands onfirmd n full stupidity)n the aboe lines Dryden abbreiates the omplete name, *hadwell, as*h .he lines will be in perfet rhythm of iambi pentameter style if the name isompleted with the two syllables, *hadwell) Dryden moks *hadwell for he had gotleknoe0s rown of dullness)n further lines leknoe e!plains that *hadwell has to be his suessor beause he is eryweak in his poeti e!pression).he rest to some faint meaning make pretene,2ut *h))) neer deiates into sense)*ome beams of wit on other souls may fall,*trike through and make a luid interal,2ut *h)0s genuine night admits no ray,+is rising fogs preail upon the day)Dryden goes on moking *hadwell by widening the idea of suession) leknoereommends *hadwell to imitate bad dramatist of Eli8abethan period, +eywood and *hirley)Dryden names these two dramatists ?prophet of tautology@ whih means perfet imitators)Dryden writes&  +eywood and *hirley were but type of thee,.hou last great prophet of tautology Een , a dune of more renown than they #as sent before but to prepare thy way)n 5aleknoe eerything is regarded upside down) .he same thing happens to literaryworld) *hadwell, the worst poet who uses tautologies beomes the suessor to the throne of ?dullness@) <ompared to +eywood, *hirley and leknoe, *hadwell is the worst poet whoinherits the rown of dullness)leknoe supports *hadwell to be his suessor by a ertain reason) or him, *hadwell isomparable to anient reek musiian in reek mythology whose name was Arion) t wastold that in a ship some sailors threatened Arion to play lyre) +e /umped into the sea wheredolphins arried him safely to shore) leknoe has a great hope for *hadwell0s future asDryden writes& here stopped the good old sire, and wept for oy! n silent raptures of thehopeful #oy. Dryden desribes that leknoe has eer entered the ?nursery@, a Condon theatre for boys andgirls to study drama) n that plae, the name of *impkin, a representation of a bad poet, isnoted as the member of the nursery) At this plae, leknoe designs *hadwell0s throne,+ere leknoe, as a plae to fame well known&Ambitiously designed his *h s throne)or anient Deker prophesid long sine,.hat in this ile should reign a mighty prine,2orn for a sourge of wit, and flayle of sense).he aboe 4uotation indiates that Dryden mentions one name, Deker) n fat, he was not afamous dramatist as he was under the power of James ) .o ontinue moking him Drydenmentions seeral of *hadwells adaptation of 5oliers a renh writer( l$%&are  as  Psyche and the Miser. n the same time when leknoe had hosen *hadwell as his suessor, this information
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