Documents

Dryden Satire

Categories
Published
of 8
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Description
by sohel
Transcript
  John Dryden  MacFlecknoe Introduction John Dryden, an English poet who was born at Northamptonshire in August 9, 1631 wasknown as the founder of English literary ritiism and the formulator of a new style of poetie!pression whih is alled heroi ouplet #heatly, 19$%& '() *atire was his new style of  poeti forms) +armsworth 19$%( defines that satire is a literary work intended to arouseridiule, ontempt or disgust at abuses and follies of a man and his institutions) t aims at theorretion of malpraties by inspiring both indignation and laughter with a mi!ture of ritiism and wit) -ne of the famous satiri poems of Dryden is  MacFlecknoe.  .his poemtreats its sub/et, .homas *hadwell, with irony and ridiule)As an English poet, John Dryden is lassified as lassi writer) At a glane, Dryden0s poems,when ompared to romanti erses, found laking that loe of nature) +is erses areommonly simple) +e loed to apply intelletual approah) 2rower 19'9( omments himthat the whole aount of poeti omposition indiates learly that Dryden sought for intelletual strength and rational preision in form) .his indiation is found as well in  MacFlecknoe.  n this poem the impression of Dryden as a bold satirist is found) About the poem (MacFlecknoe)  -lier old *mith in his artile The Beauties of English Poetry   196$(,as it is 4uoted by #heatly writes&.he seerenity of this satire, and the e!ellene of its ersifiation gie it a distinguished rank in this speies of omposition) At present, an ordinary reader would sarely suppose that*hadwell, who is here meant by 5aleknoe, was worth being hastised, and that Dryden,desending to suh game, was like an eagle stooping to ath flies) .he truth howeer is,*hadwell at one time held diided reputation with this great poet) Eery age produes itsfashionable danes, who, by following the transient topi or humor of the day, supplytalkatie ignorane with materials for onersation) #heatly, 196$& 161()  7eali8ing the importane of  MacFlecknoe  as Dryden0s satire, this artile is intended todesribe the poet0s satiri style) .he analysis on the poem is basially foali8ed on the poem0sontent) 5eanwhile historial and politial situation of the Augustan period bak the analysisup signifiantly) Historical and political background Earl of *haftesbury used the terror attending the opish lot the period of 16$:16:;( toseure his politial ends) #heatly) 19$%() .his period was known as the 4uarrel between<harles and James for the kingship) *haftesbury tried to bring James to trial with theausation for religious non=onformity) Een he brought armed followers to the arliamentat -!ford) or his ations whih were against the rown, he was sent to the .ower, aused of high treason)5eanwhile the #hig grand /ury re/eted the harge and *haftesbury was released) >pon thisrelease *haftesbury0s followers struk a medal in his honour) John Dryden, then, ritii8ed*haftesbury in his satirial poem entitled The Medal. .his latest poem prooked Dryden0sopponent, .homas *hadwell to write The Medal of John Bayes  as the answer for the satire).homas *hadwell was formerly Dryden0s lose friend) .heir enmity was muh aused byliterary dispute) t was belieed that  Mac Flecknoe  was an answer toward *hadwell0s The Medal of John Bayes. 7ihard leknoe 16;; =16$:( was *hadwell atron in poetry) leknoe was a erse writer who got many ritiisms beause of his poetial weaknesses) Andrew 5arwell alled 7ihardleknoe an English priest at 7ome, while Dryden named him a rine of Dullness) 7ihardleknoe as a prine of dullness had to prepare the way for his son, 5aleknoe, who was belieed by Dryden to be a ?true son of unrelieed darkness and stupidity@ #heatly,19$1()>nderstanding this historial and politial situation will proide learer way of understandingthe ontent of  MacFlecknoe. The Analysis on the Content of MacFlecknoe  n its opening lines of  MacFlecknoe  introdue leknoe who is omparable to emperor Augustus who has power in the realms of nonsense) .he faulty of the poet in reating satireis on his giing alue on any element that he onsiders alueless) Dryden praises 7ihardleknoe for his ignorane in poeti world) n this ondition he deides to settle the 4uestionof suession) #hile looking for a suessor he has deided on *hadwell who must reign).he reason is, it is *hadwell who an imitate the bad poetry 7ihard leknoe had written).his idea is in line with the following lines of  MacFlecnoe. tis resoldB for nature pleads that he *hould only rule, who most resembles me&*h alone my perfet image bears,5ature in dullness from his tender years)*h alone of all my sons, is he#ho stands onfirmd n full stupidity)n the aboe lines Dryden abbreiates the omplete name, *hadwell, as*h .he lines will be in perfet rhythm of iambi pentameter style if the name isompleted with the two syllables, *hadwell) Dryden moks *hadwell for he had gotleknoe0s rown of dullness)n further lines leknoe e!plains that *hadwell has to be his suessor beause he is eryweak in his poeti e!pression).he rest to some faint meaning make pretene,2ut *h))) neer deiates into sense)*ome beams of wit on other souls may fall,*trike through and make a luid interal,2ut *h)0s genuine night admits no ray,+is rising fogs preail upon the day)Dryden goes on moking *hadwell by widening the idea of suession) leknoereommends *hadwell to imitate bad dramatist of Eli8abethan period, +eywood and *hirley)Dryden names these two dramatists ?prophet of tautology@ whih means perfet imitators)Dryden writes&  +eywood and *hirley were but type of thee,.hou last great prophet of tautology Een , a dune of more renown than they #as sent before but to prepare thy way)n 5aleknoe eerything is regarded upside down) .he same thing happens to literaryworld) *hadwell, the worst poet who uses tautologies beomes the suessor to the throne of ?dullness@) <ompared to +eywood, *hirley and leknoe, *hadwell is the worst poet whoinherits the rown of dullness)leknoe supports *hadwell to be his suessor by a ertain reason) or him, *hadwell isomparable to anient reek musiian in reek mythology whose name was Arion) t wastold that in a ship some sailors threatened Arion to play lyre) +e /umped into the sea wheredolphins arried him safely to shore) leknoe has a great hope for *hadwell0s future asDryden writes& here stopped the good old sire, and wept for oy! n silent raptures of thehopeful #oy. Dryden desribes that leknoe has eer entered the ?nursery@, a Condon theatre for boys andgirls to study drama) n that plae, the name of *impkin, a representation of a bad poet, isnoted as the member of the nursery) At this plae, leknoe designs *hadwell0s throne,+ere leknoe, as a plae to fame well known&Ambitiously designed his *h s throne)or anient Deker prophesid long sine,.hat in this ile should reign a mighty prine,2orn for a sourge of wit, and flayle of sense).he aboe 4uotation indiates that Dryden mentions one name, Deker) n fat, he was not afamous dramatist as he was under the power of James ) .o ontinue moking him Drydenmentions seeral of *hadwells adaptation of 5oliers a renh writer( l$%&are  as  Psyche and the Miser. n the same time when leknoe had hosen *hadwell as his suessor, this information
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks