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This page intentionally left blank This newand important study of semantic change examines hownewmeanings arise through language use, especially the various ways in which speakers and writers experiment with uses of words and constructions in the flowof strategic interaction with addressees. In the last few decades there has been growing interest in exploring system- aticities in semantic change froma number of perspectives including theories of metaphor, pragmatic inferencing, and grammaticaliz
  This page intentionally left blank   Thisnewandimportantstudyofsemanticchangeexamineshownewmeaningsarise through language use, especially the various ways in which speakers and writersexperimentwithusesofwordsandconstructionsintheflowofstrategicinteraction with addressees.In the last few decades there has been growing interest in exploring system-aticitiesinsemanticchangefromanumberofperspectivesincludingtheoriesof metaphor,pragmaticinferencing,andgrammaticalization.Asinearlierstudies,these have for the most part been based on data taken out of context. This book isthefirstdetailedexaminationofsemanticchangefromtheperspectiveofhis-torical pragmatics and discourse analysis. Drawing on extensive corpus datafrom over a thousand years of English and Japanese textual history, Traugottand Dasher show that most changes in meaning srcinate in and are motivated  by the associative flow of speech. E L I Z A B E T H C L O S S T R A U G O T T  is Professor of Linguistics and English atStanford University. Her previous books include  A History of English Syntax (1972),  Linguistics for Students of Literature  (with Mary L. Pratt, 1980) and  Grammaticalization  (with Paul J. Hopper, 1993). R I C H A R D B .  D A S H E R  is Director of the US–Japan Technology Manage-ment Center and Consulting Associate Professor at the School of Engineering,Stanford University. Previous publications include historical work on Japanesehonorifics in  Papers in Linguistics  and other research in various scholarly journals.   In this series CAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN LINGUISTICS General Editors:  S .  R .  ANDERSON ,  J .  BRESNAN ,  B .  COMRIE , W .  DRESSLER ,  C .  J .  EWEN ,  R .  LASS ,  D .  LIGHTFOOT , P .  H .  MATTHEWS ,  R .  POSNER ,  S .  ROMAINE ,  N .  V .  SMITH , N .  VINCENT 60  SARAH M . B .  FAGAN : Thesyntaxandsemanticsofmiddleconstructions:astudywithspecial reference to German 61  ANJUM P .  SALEEMI :  Universal grammar and language learnability 62  STEPHEN R .  ANDERSON :  A-Morphous morphology 63  LESLEY STIRLING :  Switch reference and discourse representation 64  HENK J .  VERKUYL :  Atheoryofaspectuality:theinteractionbetweentemporalandatemporal  structure 65  EVE V .  CLARK :  The lexicon in acquisition 66  ANTHONY R .  WARNER :  English auxiliaries: structure and history 67  P . H .  MATTHEWS :  Grammatical theory in the United States from Bloomfield to Chomsky 68  LJILJANA PROGOVAC :  Negative and positive polarity: a binding approach 69  R . M . W .  DIXON :  Ergativity 70  YAN HUANG :  The syntax and pragmatics of anaphora 71  KNUD LAMBRECHT :  Information structure and sentence form: topic, focus, and the mental representations of discourse referents 72  LUIGI BURZIO :  Principles of English stress 73  JOHN A .  HAWKINS :  A performance theory of order and constituency 74  ALICE C .  HARRIS  and   LYLE CAMPBELL :  Historical syntax in cross-linguistic perspective 75  LILIANE HAEGEMAN :  The syntax of negation 76  PAUL GORRELL :  Syntax and parsing  77  GUGLIELMO CINQUE :  Italian syntax and universal grammar  78  HENRY SMITH :  Restrictiveness in case theory 79  D .  ROBERT LADD :  Intonational phonology 80  ANDREA MORO : The raising of predicates: predicative noun phrases and the theory of clause structure 81  ROGER LASS :  Historical linguistics and language change 82  JOHN M .  ANDERSON :  A notional theory of syntactic categories 83  BERND HEINE :  Possession: cognitive sources, forces and grammaticalization 84  NOMI ERTESCHIK - SHIR :  The dynamics of focus structure 85  JOHN COLEMAN :  Phonological representations: their names, forms and powers 86  CHRISTINA Y .  BETHIN :  Slavic prosody: language change and phonological theory 87  BARBARA DANCYGIER :  Conditionals and prediction: time, knowledge and causation inconditional constructions 88  CLAIRE LEFEBVRE :  Creole genesis and the acquisition of grammar: the case of HaitianCreole 89  HEINZ GIEGERICH :  Lexical strata in English: morphological causes, phonological effects 90  KEREN RICE :  Morphemeorderandsemanticscope:wordformationandtheAthapaskanverb 91  A . M . S .  MCMAHON :  Lexical phonology and the history of English 92  MATTHEW Y .  CHEN :  Tone sandhi: patterns across Chinese dialects 93  GREGORY T .  STUMP :  Inflectional morphology: a theory of paradigm structure 94  JOAN BYBEE :  Phonology and language use 95  LAURIE BAUER :  Morphological productivity 96  ELIZABETH CLOSS TRAUGOTT  and   RICHARD B .  DASHER :  Regularity in semanticchange Earlier issues not listed are also available
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