Friday Bulletin 599

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Issue 599 of the Friday Bulletin
  Dhul-Hijjah 30,1435/October 24, 2014Issue No. 599 This Newsletter contains some of Allah’s names. Please do not throw in the trash. Either keep, circulate or shred Friday   Bulletin The The Weekly Muslim News Update Page 2Page 7Page 2Continued To Page 4Continued To Page 6 Muslims women advised against Tetanus vaccination The conservatory orders banning the wearing of the hijab at an Isiolo school were last week set aside un-til the determination of the case. In a case led by Muhammad Fugi -cha, a parent of St Paul Kiwanjani Day Mixed Secondary School, the High court sitting in Meru allowed female students to wear the dress which is a mandatory requirement of Islamic law. Through a Nairobi lawyer Ali Mah - mud Muhammad, the parent ar  -gued that the orders banning the hijab were discriminatory and had affected learning at the institution as Muslim female students were being denied entry into the school compound. “Some of the students are candidates expected to sit for their Kenya Certicate of Second - ary Examinations (KCSE),” he told the court.The lawyer further argued that de- nying Muslim students the right to wear head scarfs and trousers is a breach of their constitutional rights to freedoms of worship and should be reversed.“The wearing of the hijab is part and parcel of the freedom of conscience, religion thought and belief as en-shrined in Article 32 of the constitu-tion of Kenya and the same is be-ing restricted and limited and being derogated from its core essential content by the petitioner contrary to article 24 (2) (c) of the constitution of Kenya,” he told the court. In an action which drew outrage from the Muslim community, Justice Nzioki wa Makau on September 22 acceded to a plea by the Method -ist Church to ban the wearing of the hijab at the school.While the school is under the spon-sorship of the church, the lawyer however, maintained that it is a public educational institution which is wholly supported by the govern- ment through the tax payer’s money and all the teachers and non-teach- Court suspends anti-Hijab orders at Isiolo school Kenyan rendition victims Muhammad Ali (Left) and Idris Magondu (Centre) together with one of the Ugandans who are accused in the July 2010 bombings in Kampala, Uganda follow proceeding in the constitutional court. The court rejected their plea for release after their contention that their arrrest and rendition did not follow the law. See Story on Page 7. Muslim women have been advised to stay away from the ongoing tetanus vaccination campaign being carried out by the health min-istry. Speaking during last week’s Friday Khutbah (sermon) at Nairobi’s Jamia Mosque, the Da’wah ofcer Muhammad Abdallah sent out a caution note that the countrywide vaccina-tion programme which targets women who are of reproductive age could have adverse health effects.He urged women and girls to boycott the vac-cination until the air is cleared as scholars and Muslim health practitioners carry out further investigations regarding the vaccine.“We should not allow our women and daugh-ters to be vaccinated with this vaccine until further notice” he reiterated. He raised queries why the vaccine was be-ing administered on women between the ages of 14 and 49 saying that this could point to a covert population control scheme. “Why only target women who are at child bearing stage and why is the tetanus vaccine not being ad- ministered to men?” questioned the Da’wah ofcer. On his part the Supreme Council of Kenya Muslims (SUPKEM) Deputy Secretary Gener  - al Hassan Ole Naado urged Muslims to shun Editorial:Vision 2030 for Muslim youth needed Protest as Lamu curfew is extended 'High profile' suspect released  The Friday Bulletin Page 2 EDITORIAL Dhul-Hijjah 30,1435/October 24, 2014 It is often said that the young generation is the foundation of a vibrant and produc- tive future society. Indeed, afrmative ac -tion that focuses on nurturing young men and women has positive ramications not only for them but for the society as a whole.This is why communities take initiatives to nurture and empower the youth to lay a rm foundation for the future wellbeing of the society. Coming to the Muslim community, there are a myriad of challenges facing the youth which are detrimental to their future well being. At the Coast, drug abuse is rife among young men and women and it is not a secret that the vast majority of addicts are Muslim youth.In the predominantly Muslim areas of North Eastern, miraa chewing forms among the most important social activities for the youth. Instead of bettering their lives, like ruminant animals they choose to spend most of the day nibbling at taste-less twigs which have a rebounding effect on their health and social welfare. In general, Muslim youth perhaps take a commanding lead in the unemployed sector. Lack of education and marginali-zation have for the most part contributed to this social challenge which is rampant in many Muslim communities. It is a distressing fact that at the national level, the identity of Muslim youth is main - ly identiable with radicalism, extremism, violence and terrorism and not positive Islamic values and productive activities which have a resounding impact on so-ciety. But all said and done, there is a need to take an in-depth look at the challenges facing our youth and explore means to solve this problem. It is imperative that the Muslim leadership develops a social and economic blue print which aims at nurturing their ambitions and harnessing their potential. A Muslim Youth Vision 2030, for instance should identify the problems and outline short and long term strategies to address the challenges.  As an example, various socio-economic programmes tailor made for the youth are currently available but are hardly accessed by young men and women due to igno-rance and other factors. Over the years, the Youth Enterprise De - velopment Fund has disbursed billions of shillings to uplift the lives of youth but even after these funds were disbursed through Islamic nancial institutions to ensure Sha - riah compliance, only a tiny fraction of Mus - lim youth beneted from these funds. Presently, the government is aggressively encouraging the youth to join the revamped National Youth Service (NYS) where they will benet from a host of training activities in various elds while the Kenya Defence Forces have announced a recruitment exercise for servicemen and technicians. Such opportunities should not be left to pass and Muslim youth need to be encour  -aged to take up these opportunities. It is also crucial to inculcate among youth the virtues of seeking an honest living. Re-grettably many opt to remain idle and shun informal opportunities which could help them uplift their lives and probably serve as a stepping stone to achieve higher eco-nomic potentials. It is a disturbing fact that in the informal economy such as jua kali artisans, small scale traders, the boda boda industry, hawking, shoe shiners and boda boda business, it is a rare occurrence to nd Muslim youth engaging in these economic opportunities which requires minimum spe-cialized training.Even basic work in the booming construc-tion industry, our youth remain a missing factor and in some cases, mosques are entirely constructed by non-Muslims. This state of affairs needs to changed for the better and modalities should be put in place to nurture youth to ensure that they are productive citizens who can contrib-ute to the welfare of the society and the nation at large  At the same time, the government needs to see Muslim youth as good citizens who like others, can also contribute to national development and not pariahs who are a threat to national security. Instead of demonizing youth from areas such as Majengo in Nairobi and Mom -basa, it should come up with strategies and work with Muslim leaders to address these challenges which will go a long way in empowering youth to be good citizens. Condemnation and repeating what has now become the radicalism mantra is not a solution to tackle this challenge but what is needed is genuine and sincere strategies to change this situation. Projects such as the Darul Irshaad Poly- technic which is expected to be among the few Muslim run institutions in the country providing technical training to young men should be accorded government support as they aim at positively nurturing young people. Ultimately, individuals, the community and the government all have a responsi-bility to morally, socially and economically provide a better life to the youth. Ignor-ing this critical segment of the society will leave them vulnerable to dangerous wolves who are bent on exploiting them and the ripple effect will trickle down to the whole society. A Muslim Youth Vision 2030 needed to address youth challenges For the fourth straight month, residents of Lamu County will continue living under a challenging environment of a dusk-to-dawn curfew that portends more social and eco-nomic hardships for area residents. Following this week’s extension of the or  -der which limits movement during the dark hours by the Inspector General of Police David Kimaiyo, area leaders have lodged their protest to the government against that the order which they maintained is con-tributing to the breakdown of social and economic structures of residents of Lamu Island. Lamu governor Issa Timamy expressed his anger at the order saying that it will worsen the economic situation of the county. In the last three months, the county incurred a revenue loss of Sh500 million while thou-sands of people have been left without work and poverty levels are at an rising at astronomical levels.“The shing sector and small traders have no business. The curfew has created a culture of dependence and this does not augur well with able bodied citizens of the county,” he said at a press conference in Mombasa. The governor maintained that there was peace on the island and called on the gov-ernment to lift the curfew.Woman representative Shakila Abdalla read mischief in the order saying that it was aimed at killing the local economy. On his part, the Haki Africa Executive Direc -tor Hussein Khalid said the curfew is push- ing further the poverty index of the local population and having a negative impact on shing and tourism which are the main economy mainstay.While residents of the island continue to suffer from soaring poverty levels and so-cial hardships, he said, it has been business as usual for those on the mainland who de-pend on farming which is conducted during the day unlike shing which takes place at night. In addition, he said the curfew is de- nying the predominantly Muslim resident their constitutional right to worship as it they Protests as Lamu curfew is extended cannot go out for evening prayers. The Mombasa based rights group further reiterated that the negative impacts of the curfew outweighed the gains so far made and that insecurity can only be curbed if the government works closely with the people rather than victimizing them.Civil society organisations such as the Law Society of Kenya (LSK) and Muslims for Human Rights (MUHURI) have threatened to go to court and compel the police to with-draw the curfew.The groups have argued that the order is discriminatory as several parts of the coun-try which have suffered waves of insecurity did not see the imposition of a curfew.In recent days, residents have held dem-onstrations in Lamu town protesting the curfew and demanding its withdrawal. The curfew was initially imposed to stabilize the security situation in the area after spate of attacks in July rocked the Mpeketoni area leaving over 100 people dead.  The Friday Bulletin Page 3 DA'WA Dhul-Hijjah 30,1435/October 24, 2014   SUNDAY LECTURE   SUNDAY Duration: 1 ½ MonthsTimings: 5.00 - 6.30 pm Days: Monday, Wednesday and Friday. venue: Jamia Multi-Purpose Hall. Register yourself to know your Religion REVERTS' CRASH PROGRAMME  Allah Subhanahu waTa'ala has chosen and given preference to certain days and times that are special and sacred in our religion. The Prophet of Allah SalAllahu alayhi wasallam said, “The division of time has turned to its srcinal form which was cur-rent the day Allah created the heavens and earth. The year consists of twelve months of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhul-Qa'dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Mu -harram, and Rajab which comes between Jumada and Sha'ban.” [Bukhari and Mus -lim] Virtues of Muharram ã It is one of the four sacred months. Allah Subhanahu waTa'ala said, “Verily, the num-ber of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein” (9:36)ã It is the best month to fast in after Rama - dhan. The Messenger SalAllahu alayhi wasallam said, “The best fasting after Ramadhan is the month of Allah Muhar  -ram, and the best prayer after the obliga- tory prayer is prayer at night.” [Muslim]ã The Messenger SalAllahu alayhi wasal -lam said, “The best fasting after Ramadhan is the month of Allah, Muharram.” [Muslim] The Prophet SalAllahu alayhi wasallam called this month “the Month of Allah.” When Allah AzzawaJal connects His Name to something, it shows the great status and virtue of the subject. ã This month contains the day of 'Ashura(the tenth of Muharram).Ibn Abbas -RadhiAllahuanhu was asked about fasting on the day of 'Ashura and he said, “I do not know of any day on the Messenger of Allah SalAllahu alayhi wasallam fasted that was better than this day.” [Bukhari and Muslim] This day is known as the day Allah saved Musa ‘Alayhi salaam and the Children of Isra'el from Fir'awn.ã Fasting the Day of 'Ashura is an expiation of a year of sins. The Prophet SalAllahu alayhi Wasallam said: “Fasting the day of  Arafah I hope Allah will expiate thereby for the year before it and the year after it, and fasting the day of 'Ashura I hope Allah will expiate thereby for the year that came be - fore it.” [Muslim] Mourning the Death of Husaynibn Ali?  Al-Hadh ibn Katheer Rahimahullah, known for his work of tafseer, states regarding this act of mourning the death of Husayn ibn  Ali RadiAllahu anhu, “Every Muslim should mourn the killing of al-Husayn (may Allah be pleased with him), for he is one of the leaders of the Muslims, one of the scholars of the Sahabah, and the son of the daugh- ter of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), who was the best of his daughters. He was a de-voted worshipper, and a courageous and generous man. Muharram, the Month of Allah  Yusra Owais But there is nothing good in what some people do of expressing distress and grief, most of which may be done in order to show off. His father was better than him and he was killed, but they do not take his death as an anniversary as they do with the death of al-Husayn. His father was killed on a Friday as he was leaving the mosque after Fajr prayer, on the seventeenth of Ramadhan in 40 AH. 'Uthmaan was better than 'Ali according to  Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah, and he was killed when he was besieged in his house during the days of at-Tashreeq in Dhul-Hi-  jjah of 36 AH, with his throat cut from one  jugular vein to the other, but the people did not take his death as an anniversary. SUNDAY LECTURE Topic: Wajib kwa mja anapoam-rishwa na Allah By: Abu Hudheifa Date:26th Oct 2014 Time: 2Pm- 4PmVenue: Makina Mosque Kibra “The best fasting after Ramadhan is the month of Allah Muharram, and the best prayer after the ob - ligatory prayer is prayer at night.” [Muslim] 'Umar ibn al-Khattaab was better than 'Ali and 'Uthman, and he was killed as he was standing in the mihraab, praying Fajr and reciting the Qur'an, but the people did not take his death as an anniversary. Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq was better than him but the people did not take his death as an anniversary. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the leader of the sons of Adam in this world and the Hereafter, and Allah took him to Him as the Prophets died before him, but no one took the dates of their deaths as anniversaries on which they do what these people do on the day that al-Husayn was killed.The best that can be said when remem-bering these and similar calamities is that which 'Ali ibn al-Husayn narrated from his grandfather the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), who said: “There is no Muslim who is aficted by a calamity and when he remembers it, even if it was in the dim and distant past, he says Inna Lillahi wainna ilayhi raaji'uun (verily to Allah we belong and unto Him is our return), but Allah will give him a reward like that of the day when it befell him.”Narrated by imam Ahmad and Ibn Majah, end quote from al-Bidaayah wan- Nihaayah. Good Deeds for This Month ã Fasting.  The Companions and the right-eous predecessors rejoiced in the com-ing of this season. The Prophet SalAllahu alayhi wasallam did not fast in succession for one month other than Ramadhan, so it is not recommended to fast the whole month. ã The best days to fast in Muharram is the day of 'Ashura and one day before it . Imam Sha'i and Imam Ahmad both stated, “It is mustahabb [recommended] to fast both the ninth and the tenth, because the Prophet SalAllahu alayhi wasallam fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth.” ã Fasting the “White Days.”  The Prophet SalAllahu alayhi wasallam said, “Fast -ing three days of each month is fasting for a lifetime, and 'the white days' are the thirteenth, fourteenth and fteenth.” [an- Nasa'i, Saheeh] Ibn 'Abbas Radhi Allahu anhu said, “The Messenger of Allah, may  Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not fail to fast the white days either when at home or on a journey.” [an-Nasa'i] These days are the 13th, 14th and 15th of the hijri month. ã Increasing in duaa when you are fast -ing . “The prayer (dua) of the fasting person will not be refused.” [Al-Bayhaqi, Saheeh] ã Qiyamu lLayl.  The Prophet SalAllahu alayhi wasallam said in the hadith, “and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” [Muslim] In this month we can complete two deeds that the Prophet encouraged. ã Protecting yourself from sins.  Allah  Azza waJal said about the sacred months, “so wrong not yourselves therein” (9:36) Imam Sa'di Rahimahullah said in his tafse-er regarding this ayah,Allah states that He has made them a measure of time for His slaves, which they may use for worship-ping Him, and thank Allah for His blessings, and they serve the interests of His slaves, so beware of wronging yourselves therein. The pronoun may also be understood as referring to the four sacred months, and this forbids them to wrong themselves in those months in particular, as well as it be-ing forbidden to do wrong at all times, be-cause it is more forbidden at this time, but it is worse at this time than at others. ã Increasing in good deeds in general. May Allah Subhanahu waTa'ala accept our deeds and allow us to reap the benets of those days and times He has selected over others.  The Friday Bulletin Page 4 Dhul-Hijjah 30,1435/October 24, 2014 A reminder about the new Hijri year Many people will not be aware that we have entered the new hijri year 1436. Had this been the rst day of the Gregorian cal -endar, every one of us would have known about it and some may have even celebrat- ed it. This reects the fact that we have be -come detached from our faith-based herit- age. Many Muslims are oblivious to the hijri calendar, such that most are unaware of what lunar year or month we are currently in. Most of our children are unaware of the names of the Arabic months let alone name them in the correct order.The concern is not with regards to cel-ebrating the new hijri year, as we do not ‘celebrate’ any day except the two Eids – Eidul-Adh’ha and Eidul-Fitr. Rather, it is a matter of being connected and aware of the Islamic emblems. It is a matter that links this ummah to its root and heritage. Three of the pillars of Islam are carried out according to the Islamic calendar: Zakah, fasting and the Hajj.  A Muslim is obliged to calculate his or her wealth and the zakat payable at the same time every Islamic year (that is when the person’s hawl comes to an end), and thus, it is highly signicant for an individual to know what consists of a complete hijri year. The new moon being sighted for the ninth month of the hijri calendar is an indication for Muslims to begin fasting. Consequently, it is regarded important for a Muslim to be aware of the hijri calendar and the debate on the subject of the new moon. Similarly, Hajj occurs during the twelfth hijri month: Dhul-Hijjah. Allah says in the Qur’an,“They ask you about the new moons. Say: These are signs to mark xed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage.”[Al-Qur’an 2:189] “The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known months.”[Al-Qur’an 2:197] In addition to these pillars, there are a number of other Islamic activities and practices that should be implemented in accordance with the Islamic Calendar. Al-lah says,“Verily, the number of months with  Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred.”[Al-Qur’an 9:36] In his exegetical work Al-Qurtubi said about this verse that “on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth” demonstrates that His ordainment was even before the act of creating the heavens and earth, and that He calculated these months, named and ordered them on that day. He re-vealed the knowledge of this ordainment to Prophets in the form of revelation. This is the meaning of “the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year)” – its ordainment is everlasting. Al-Qurtubi went on to say that this verse indicates that the laws of worship and other things pertain to months and years as understood by the  Arabs rather than months as understood by non-Arabs, the Romans and the Copts, even if their months do not extend beyond twelve months. It is narrated from Abu Bakrah (may Al - lah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,“The division of time has turned to its srcinal form which was in existence the day Allah created the heavens and earth. The year consists of twelve months of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Mu - harram, and Rajab of Mudhar which comes between Jumada and Sha’ban.”[Bukhari and Muslim]The rst month of the hijri year, Muharram, is a sacred month which has a number of virtues. It has been narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that after Ramadhan, the most rewarding time to fast is in the month of Muharram. It was narrated that Abu Hurai - rah (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace and bless - ings of Allah be upon him) said: “The best fasts after Ramadhan is the month of Allah – Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.”[Muslim] The Prophet called this month the month of Allah as an indication of its great sta-tus. However, it is evident that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not fast any month completely except Ramadhan. Thus the hadith encourages fasting regularly in the month of Muhar  -ram and not an indication to fast the entire month.The iddah of a female widow is four lunar months and ten days. The iddah of a wom-an who does not see a period due to age is three lunar months. Allah tells us in the Qur’an,“And those of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the iddah (prescribed period), if you have doubts (about their periods), is three months, and for those who have no cours- es their iddah is three months likewise, ex - cept in the case of death.”[Al-Qur’an 65:4] If the signs of bulugh (puberty) within an individual are absent, the age of the per-son so as to ascertain the attainment of bulughis calculated according to the hijri calendar and not the Gregorian one. The kaffarah (expiation) for sexual intercourse during Ramadhan, Dhihar, and killing by mistake, is fasting two Islamic months con-secutively which are between 29 and 30 days. It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (may  Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,“We are an unlettered nation, we do not write or calculate. The month is such-and- such or such-and-such – meaning some -times it is twenty-nine and sometimes it is thirty.”[al-Bukhari and Muslim] Some practical steps to propagate the use of the hijri calendar. Firstly, we have to realise that Islam itself propagates the hijri calendar. We are able to carry out various practices according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) through the use of the Islamic calen - dar. Moreover, we have to ensure that we use the Islamic calendar for all of our Is-lamic activities. Our mosques should have facilities that digitally display both the hi-  jri and Gregorian calendars. In addition to this, we should also display wall calendars. Families can play an important role by re -minding their children of the importance of certain hijri dates in the life of a Muslim. Is it permissible to congratulate others on the new hijri year? The matter is exible as there is no textual evidence to prohibit this action nor to allow it. However, it should not become a regular habit as it wasn’t the practice of the Com -panions of the Prophet.“It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and measured out their stages that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah did not create this but in truth. He explains the signs in detail for people who have knowledge.”[Al-Qur’an 10:5]  According to exegetes, the main function of the sun is that it is a source of light where-as the moon is an object that is utilised to determine the Islamic year  Sheikh (Dr) Haitham Al-Haddad the tetanus vaccination as an independent study is made to determine its effect on health.He further argued that despite the con-cerns, the health ministry has not refuted claims that the vaccination is not a popula-tion control strategy. “The government has not refuted that the jab is meant to steri- lize women and control the population,” he said.The calls come amid concerns raised by the Catholic Church that the tetanus vac- cine contains Human Chorionic Gonado - tropin better known as Beta HCG which causes infertility in women.Last week the health cabinet secretary Dr. James Macharia refuted concerns that the tetanus vaccine can cause infertility in women while stressing that the vaccine as “safe and certied.” The tetanus vaccination campaign has been sponsored by the WHO and UNICEF and is targeting girls and women of child bearing age in Kenya (between the ages of 14 to 49 years old). Fears over Tetanus vaccination Continued From Page 1
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