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German Cases, Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive

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  6/24/12 10:09 AMGerman Cases, Nominative, Accusative, Dative, GenitivePage 1 of 4http://german.speak7.com/german_cases.htm Home   Alphabet   Adjectives   Verbs   Nouns   Phrases   Vocabulary   Letters   More…   German Cases German Cases  Speak7 Speak7 2006 2006 Speak7.com   I Like thisPage   Tell a Friend about thisPage   Save as Homepage     3   You will learn in this lesson:  German cases, nominative case, accusative, German dative, and genitivecase.   Places To Learn German Online Best ForProduct NameVisit SiteMore Information Fast Learning Visit German Pod 101Learn More Fluency Visit Rocket GermanLearn More Learn German (Deutsch) Grammar  GermanAlphabetGermanNumbers   German   cases  are four: the nominative case (subject of the sentence); the accusativecase (the direct object); the dative case (the indirect object), and the genitive case(possessive). Cases are not something strange to English, pronouns for example use acertain kind of cases, for example we say “ he  speaks”, and “give him ” and not  “give  6/24/12 10:09 AMGerman Cases, Nominative, Accusative, Dative, GenitivePage 2 of 4http://german.speak7.com/german_cases.htm German PhrasesGerman ArticlesGerman CasesGermanPronounsGerman NounsGerman VerbsGermanAdjectives Vocabulary GermanExpressionsWrite a LetterVocabulary (A-E)Vocabulary (F-O)Vocabulary (P-Z)German Test (.PDF)How To's How To ShopHow To DealWith LawEnforcementHow To FlirtHow To Go To AGameHow To Make AConversationHow To Make AReservationHow To NeverGet LostHow To OrderProperlyHow To TravelHow To OrderFast FoodHow To ReportSomething to thePoliceHow To React inCase of anAccidentHow To GetAround Dialects OverviewGerman DialectsSwiss-GermanAustria he”, did you see how “he” became“him” in the second example, well thesame thing happens in German, theonly difference is that in German it’smuch more widely used, not only in pronouns, even nouns/ adjectives/articles … use the same thing. TheGerman case indicates the role of anelement in a sentence.  German Nominative The nominative  is the easiest case inGerman and also the one dictionariesuse as the standard form of nouns, adjectives, articles…and refers to the subject of thesentence. The teacher went to school, “The teacher” is the subject of the sentence, andtherefore “The teacher” is nominative.So it will take the nominative form in German, which is “Der Lehrer”.Below is a table of some forms of Nominative, you will only know the differencewhen you will go through the 3 other cases (accusative, Dative, Genitive).  German Nominative Case DefiniteArticlesIndefiniteArticlesPersonalPronounsAdjectives (masc., fem,neuter, plural)Der, die, das,die(they all means the )Ein, Eine, Ein(they all mean a,an )Ich, du, er, sie,wir, ihr, sie.( I, you, he,she ...)Weiße r , weiße, weiße s ,weiße(all these forms mean white ) These are just some examples to show the nominative form of some elements such asarticles, pronouns, adjectives. Note that the nominative case can be used in a muchwider scope such as in Nouns, interrogative pronouns…what comes next will help younotice the difference between Nominative and what the other 3 German cases.  German Accusative  Now we will learn the second case in German which is the accusative , the good newsis that apart from the masculine, the other 2 genders + the plural (feminine, neuter and plural) look just like the Nominative. Now let’s learn what the accusative really is. Theaccusative case is considered the direct object. I see the teacher, “the teacher” is thedirect object of the sentence, and therefore would take the accusative form, and since“the teacher” is masculine it will become in German “de n  Lehrer” and not “de r Lehrer” as in the nominative case. I see the teacher = Ich sehe d en  Lehrer.  German Accusative Case DefiniteArticlesIndefiniteArticlesPersonalPronounsAdjectives (masc., fem,neuter, plural)De n , die, das,die(they all means the )Ein en , Eine, Ein(they all mean a,an ) mich, dich, ihn, sie ,uns, euch, sie . ( me, you, him, Weiße n , weiße, weißes,weiße(all these forms mean white )  6/24/12 10:09 AMGerman Cases, Nominative, Accusative, Dative, GenitivePage 3 of 4http://german.speak7.com/german_cases.htm   How to Learn aLanguage  her ...) Let’s get adjectives involved as well. I see the young  teacher = ich sehe de n  jung en Lehrer. Young in German is  jung , but since we’re using the accusative case, then theadjective should copy the article it follows, which is “den/ the” = masculine, so “d en  jung en ”. If you look at the table above you will understand why we added “ en ” after the adjective “  jung ”. Now let’s get personal pronouns involved. I see him  = ich sehe ihn . Easy, isn’t it! YES!  I want to claim my free instant access to the Rocket German 6 day LearnGerman course ($27 value).Your Name:Your EmailAddress:(This is a private and fully protected mailing list.You can unsubscribe at any time).   German Dative  Now things will get serious because the dative  case is very important in German, andit also changes in all the 3 genders + the plural (masculine, feminine, neuter and plural). But first let’s learn what the Dative means. The Dative in German is just likethe indirect object in English, or in other words, it’s like the receiver of the directobject. So for example: I give the book to him, “ I ” is the subject of the sentence, “ thebook  ” is the direct object, and “ him ” is the receiver, therefore also called the indirectobject, in which we’re interested when it comes to the dative case .  German Dative Case DefiniteArticlesIndefiniteArticlesPersonalPronounsAdjectives (masc., fem,neuter)De m , de r ,de m , de n  (theyall means tothe )Ein em , Ein er ,Ein em (they all mean toa, to an ) mir, dir, ihm,ihr,uns, euch,ihnen. (to me, to you, tohim, to her...)Weiße n , weißen, weiße n ,weiße n (all these forms mean towhite ) Usually the equivalent of the dative case in English would include “to”, like our example above, I give the book to him, I send it to him, I show it to him… but inGerman that “to” is usually included in the expression used, for example “to him =ihm” “to the = dem” …so it’s not that complicated after all.  German Genitive Finally we will learn the genitive  in German. It’s not used as often as the other cases, but still has its own importance, because the genitive in German means possession, or   6/24/12 10:09 AMGerman Cases, Nominative, Accusative, Dative, GenitivePage 4 of 4http://german.speak7.com/german_cases.htm in other words it means the expression “of…” or “’s”. The book of my  teacher = dasBuch meines  Lehrer  s .  German Genitive Case DefiniteArticlesIndefiniteArticlesPersonalPronounsAdjectives (masc., fem,neuter)De s , de r , de s ,de r  (they allmeans of    the )Ein es , Ein er ,Ein es (they all mean of a, of an ) mir, dir, ihm,ihr,uns, euch,ihnen. (to me, to you, tohim, to her...)Weiße n , weiße n , weiße n ,weiße(all these forms mean white )  Note that nouns in the masculine  and neuter  take an “s” at the end, as in our example:The book of my  teacher = das Buch meines  Lehrer  s . Feminine  and plural  nouns don’t take any “s” at the end. More detailed informationwould be in the German Nouns page. Also you can check out the adjectives andarticles page to see how they form in different cases with some examples. Good luck! Learn German with LingoBasics - 60day money back guaranteed if you'renot completely satisfiedd   Speak7 2006 © speak7.com admin@speak7.comSpeak7.com receives advertising revenue from products featured on this website.All Rights Reserved - Contact Us German cases, nominative case, accusative, German dative, and genitive case.  Privacy Policy
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