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Introduction If you employ anyone (however short the period) you must ‘so far as is reasonably practicable’, provide adequate and appropriate welfare facilities for them while they are at work. This means you must provide such facilities unless it is clearly unreasonable in terms of time, trouble, cost and physical difficulty. ‘Welfare facilities’ are those that are necessary for the well-being of your employees, such as washing, toilet, rest and changing facilities, and somewhere clean to eat
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  Introduction If you employ anyone (however short the period) you must ‘so far as is reasonablypracticable’, provide adequate and appropriate welfare facilities for them while theyare at work. This means you must provide such facilities unless it is clearlyunreasonable in terms of time, trouble, cost and physical difficulty.‘Welfare facilities’ are those that are necessary for the well-being of youremployees, such as washing, toilet, rest and changing facilities, and somewhereclean to eat and drink during breaks. This leaflet gives you simple, practical advice on how you can meet theserequirements. The information may also be of interest to employeesand the self-employed.It summarises the requirements of the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare)Regulations 1992. See ‘Find out more’ for other useful information. You may also find it useful to discuss your needs with manufacturers and suppliersof welfare facilities, services and consumables. What toilet and washing facilities do I need to provide?  You have to provide adequate toilet and washing facilities for your employees.‘Adequate’ means you have to provide:   enough toilets and washbasins for those expected to use them _people shouldnot have to queue for long periods to go to the toilet;   where possible, separate facilities for men and women _failing that, rooms withlockable doors;   clean facilities _to help achieve this walls and floors should preferably be tiled(or covered in suitable waterproof material) to make them easier to clean;   a supply of toilet paper and, for female employees, a means of disposing of sanitary dressings;   facilities that are well lit and ventilated;   facilities with hot and cold running water;   enough soap or other washing agents;   a basin large enough to wash hands and forearms if necessary;   a means for drying hands, eg paper towels or a hot air dryer;   showers where necessary, eg for particularly dirty work. You must always consider the needs of those with disabilities. Health and Safety Executive Welfare at work  Guidance for employers on welfare provisions Healthand Safety Executive Welfare at work  Guidanceforemployers on welfare provisions 1 of 4 pages This is a web-friendly version of leaflet INDG293(rev1)  How many facilities do I need to provide?  The following tables show the minimum number of toilets and washbasins thatshould be provided. What if staff work in remote workplaces without suitableplumbing and a water supply?  You may need to provide chemical toilets and washing facilities, such as watercontainers. What if my employees are working at temporary worksites? ‘So far as is reasonably practicable’ you need to provide flushing toilets andrunning water. Portable cabins converted into toilet facilities are available from hirecompanies. If this is not possible, consider alternatives such as chemical toiletsand water containers.Use of public toilets and washing facilities should be a last resort and notused just because they are the cheaper option. This would not be acceptablewhere the provision of better facilities would be reasonably practicable. Do I need to provide drinking water?  Yes. The law requires that you provide drinking water and ensure that:   it is free from contamination and is preferably from the public water supply_bottled water dispensers are acceptable as a secondary supply;   it is easily accessible by all employees; 2 of 4 pagesWelfare at work - Guidance for employers on welfare provisions Health and Safety Executive Table 2  Toilets used by men only Number of men at work Number of toilets Number of urinals 1-15 1 116-30 2 131-45 2 246-60 3 261-75 3 376-90 4 391-100 4 4 Table 1  Number of toilets and washbasins for mixed use (or women only) Number of people at work Number of toilets Number of washbasins 1-5 1 16-25 2 226-50 3 351-75 4 476-100 5 5    there are adequate supplies taking into consideration the temperature of theworking environment and types of work activity;   cups or a drinking fountain are provided.Drinking water does not have to be marked unless there is a significant risk of people drinking non-drinking water. Do I have to provide a room for those who smoke? No. It is against the law to smoke in virtually all enclosed public places andworkplaces in England, including most work vehicles. Similar legislation exists inScotland and Wales. Further information is available atwww.smokefreeengland.co.uk. What arrangements should I make for meal breaks?  There should be a suitable seating area for workers to use during breaks _it needsto be clean and located where food will not get contaminated. There should be washing facilities nearby, and a means of heating food or water forhot drinks. You must maintain good hygiene standards. What facilities do I need to provide for changing and storingclothing? If the work activity requires your employees to change into and wear specialistclothing (overalls, a uniform, thermal clothing etc), then you must provide enoughchanging rooms for the number of people expected to use them.Where a changing room is provided it should:   be readily accessible;   contain, or lead directly to, clothing storage and washing facilities;   provide seating;   provide a means for hanging clothes _a hook or peg may be sufficient;   ensure the privacy of the user.Separate use of changing facilities should be available to men and women. Try to prevent employees’ own clothing coming into contact with work-soiledclothing or getting dirty or wet. Provide separate storage for clean andcontaminated clothing which:   allows wet clothing to be hung up to dry out during the course of the day;   is well ventilated.Separate guidance is available from HSE Books on the provision of personalprotective equipment (see ‘Find out more’). Do I need to provide rest facilities for pregnant women andnursing mothers?  Yes, if it is ‘reasonably practicable’ for you to do so. You may need to provide aroom for pregnant women/nursing mothers to rest or lie down. Health and Safety Executive Welfare at work - Guidance for employers on welfare provisions 3 of 4 pages  If I do all this, have I done enough? No. You must also ensure that the facilities are kept clean and in good condition,and that there is always an adequate supply of toilet paper, soap etc. This meansthat you need to put in place an effective system to maintain them to a highstandard, including regular cleaning. Ask yourself  _would you be happy to use the welfare facilities you provide for youremployees? Find out more Workplace health, safety and welfare: A short guide for managers Leaflet INDG244(rev1) HSE Books 2006 (single copy free or priced packs of 15ISBN 978 0 7176 6192 3) Workplace health, safety and welfare. Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare)Regulations 1992. Approved Code of Practice and guidance  L24 HSE Books 1992ISBN 978 0 7176 0413 5  A short guide to the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 INDG174(rev1) HSE Books 2005 (single copy free or priced packs of 15ISBN 978 0 7176 6141 1) Provision of welfare facilities at fixed construction sites  Construction InformationSheet CIS18(rev1) HSE Books 1998 Provision of welfare facilities at transient construction sites  Construction InformationSheet CIS46 HSE Books 1997 Further information For information about health and safety, or to report inconsistencies or inaccuraciesin this guidance, visit www.hse.gov.uk/. You can view HSE guidance online andorder priced publications from the website. HSE priced publications are alsoavailable from bookshops. This document contains notes on good practice which are not compulsory but which you may find helpful in considering what you need to do.  This leaflet is available in priced packs of 20 from HSE Books,ISBN 978 0 7176 6264 7. Single copies are free and a web version can be foundat: www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg293.pdf.©  Crown copyright   If you wish to reuse this information visitwww.hse.gov.uk/copyright.htm for details. First published 09/07. 4 of 4 pagesPublished by the Health and Safety Executive INDG293(rev1) 09/11 Health and Safety Executive

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Jul 23, 2017
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