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Infraestrutura no Brasil: Projetos, Financiamentos e Oportunidades

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INVESTMENTS IN THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR Mauricio Tolmasquim President of the Energy Research Office (EPE) ELECTRICITY GENERATION Power Auctions Modalities New Energy Auctions A-3 and A-5 (three-year and
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INVESTMENTS IN THE ELECTRICITY SECTOR Mauricio Tolmasquim President of the Energy Research Office (EPE) ELECTRICITY GENERATION Power Auctions Modalities New Energy Auctions A-3 and A-5 (three-year and five-year ahead) : servicing expected demand growth Reserve auctions: ensuring greater security of supply Structuring Project Auctions: special conditions Bidders Public or private companies National or foreign companies Winners The lowest bid Winners of the new energy auctions sign long-term contracts (15 to 30 years) with distributors and receive concessions (in the case of hydropower plants) Power Auctions Indexation IPCA Financing Use of the PPA (Power Purchase Agreement) as collateral for project financing by the BNDES Risk Mitigation Only projects with prior environmental licenses are auctioned off Power Auctions Main technical requirements for participation A project's technical and environmental viability must be ensured to participate in the power auction. Several requirements must be met to prove viability, such as: TYPE ANEEL REGISTRY PRIOR ENVIRONMENTAL LICENSE ACCESS INFORMATION ENERGY PRODUCTION CERTIFICATE PROOF OF RIGHT OF LOCAL USE PROOF OF AVAILABILITY WATER USE GRANT WIND POWER PLANT X X X X X HYDROPOWER PLANT (HPP and Small Hydro) X X X X THERMAL POWER PLANT (BIOMASS and FOSSIL) X X X X X X Source: EPE Power Auctions Main financial requirements for participation and for signing power contracts Bid guarantees due to ANEEL: For each project eligible to participate in the auction, bidders must submit bid guarantees due to ANEEL: For Projects without grants: 1% of the investment value For Projects with grants: US$ 1,000 per lot of energy to be offered (1 lot = 0.1 average MW) Assurance of Faithful Execution of Contract: The auction winners must collect 5% of the investment value declared to the EPE The warranties will decrease in value as the construction phase of the power plant advances Notes: (1) In January 2013, the exchange rate was approximately US$ 1 = R$ 2.00 (2) Average MW energy unit equivalent to 8,760 MWh over an yearly period BNDES FINEM financing conditions for Power Plants Hydro Power Plant Thermal Power Plant Wind, Biomass and Small Hydro Current credit conditions: Leverage: up to 70%; should observe DSCR * 1.2 Credit term: up to 25 years Grace period: up to 5 years Interest rate: TJLP**+0.9%+risk spread Current credit conditions: Leverage: up to 70% (50% coal or oil); should observe DSCR * 1.2 Credit term: up to 18 years Grace period: up to 4 years Interest rate: TJLP**+0.9% (1.8% coal or oil) +risk spread Current credit conditions: Leverage: up to 80%; should observe DSCR * 1.2 Credit term: up to 19 years Grace period: up to 3 years Interest rate: TJLP**+0.9%+risk spread Source: BNDES accessed in Jan/2013 (www.bndes.gov.br/sitebndes/bndes/bndes_pt/areas_de_atuacao/infraestrutura) Notes: * DSCR: debt service coverage ratio **TJLP: Long Term Interest Tax, currently 5.0% Power Auctions Main Results Consolidated results of new energy auctions 2005 to 2012 NUMBER OF AUCTIONS PROJECTS CAPACITY (MW) INVESTMENT (US$ billion) , Source: EPE Power Auctions Main Results December 2012 Auction TYPE BID CAPACITY (MW) NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS BID GUARANTEES TOTAL AMOUNT (US$ Million) WIND POWER PLANT 6, Source: EPE HPP SMALL HYDRO BIOMASS GAS TOTAL 8, Notes: (1) HPP Hydro Power Plant (2) TPP Thermal Power Plant Hydropower Expansion: 2013 to 2017 Auctions Hydropower Expansion: 2013 to 2017 Auctions Hydropower Expansion: 2013 to 2017 Auctions Hydropower Expansion: 2013 to 2017 Auctions Hydropower Expansion: 2013 to 2017 Auctions Hydropower Expansion: 2013 to 2017 Auctions Installed Capacity [MW] The Development of Wind Power in Brazil Operating and contracted capacity 8,261 8,544 7,578 6,550 3, ,040 1,404 1, To be contracted in auctions Capacity (MW) 5,720 Investment (US$ billion) 11.9 Source: EPE Installed Capacity [MW] The Development of Bioelectricity in Brazil Operating and contracted capacity 7,874 8,081 8,936 9,035 9,035 9,085 9,185 6,822 4,969 3,910 1,755 2,584 2, To be contracted in auctions Capacity (MW) 3,160 Investment (US$ billion) 3.5 Source: EPE Other Energy Sources to be Contracted in Auctions Small Hydropower Plants Capacity (MW) 1,170 Investment (US$ billion) 3.6 Source: EPE Thermal Power Plants Capacity (MW) 1,500 * Investment (US$ billion) 1.5 Source: EPE *It could be higher depending on the effective exploration of unconventional gas Electricity Generation to be Contracted in Auctions Sources Capacity (MW) Investment (US$ billion) Hydropower 21, Other Renewable Sources (Wind, Biomass and Small Hydro) 10, Thermal power 1, TOTAL 32, Source: EPE ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION Transmission Line Auctions Bidders Legal Entities: National or Foreign Equity Funds: alone or in a consortium Clearance Clearance after auctions and publication of winning bids Winners Bidder with the lowest Allowed Annual Revenue (RAP) Winners will sign long-term contracts (30 years) Transmission Line Auctions Regulated Contracts Indexation by IPCA Contracts submitted to the Periodic Rate Reviews Financing RAP as collateral for financing by the BNDES Transmission Line Auctions Sequence of Events Public Notice of Auction Auction application and bid guarantees due to ANEEL Auction held at BM&FBOVESPA Accepted bid guarantee instruments: cash deposit, surety bond, bank guarantee, Brazilian Government Bonds (1% of estimated investment) ANEEL approval of technical capacity of the winners of the auction Approval of Auction Results TL Auction winners deliver documentation to ANEEL Replacement of bid guarantees with the guarantee of faithful execution of the contract (5% of estimated investment) Celebration of concession contract between winner and ANEEL BNDES FINEM Conditions for Transmission Lines Current credit conditions: Leverage: up to 70%; should observe DSCR * 1.2 Credit term: up to 17 years Grace period: up to 3 years Interest rate: TJLP**+1.3%+risk spread Notes: * DSCR: debt service coverage ratio **TJLP: Long Term Interest Tax, currently 5.0% Source: BNDES accessed in jan/2013 (www.bndes.gov.br/sitebndes/bndes/bndes_pt/areas_de_atuacao/infraestrutura) Transmission Line Past Auctions Main Results Consolidated Results of Auctions 2000 to 2012 NUMBER OF AUCTIONS LENGTH (Km) INVESTMENT (US$ billion) * 24 51, (*) current values Source: ANEEL Transmission Line Auction of Dec, 2012: Main Results Number of applicants: 15 (includes state-owned companies, private groups, 4 foreign groups and equity funds) Total TL tendered: 3,822 Km Estimated investment: US$ 2 billion Average discount: 21.7% Stiff competition: for example, in 500 kv Estreito Itabirito transmission line auction, there were 305 bids that resulted in a 16.6% discount Main TL Projects to be Auctioned in 2013 Cruzeiro do Sul Total Estimated km in TL: Expansion of Interconnections = 6,300 km Reinforcements to Receiving System = 2,040 km Isolated System Interconnection = 660 km Wind power distribution = 200 km Feijó Rio Branco Xingú Tucuruí Miranda S. Luís Chapadinha Sobral C. Neto Parauapebas Itacaiúnas P. Dutra Teresina Milagres I. Sossego E. Martins Bom Jesus Colinas S.J.Piauí L. Gonzaga Miracema Gilbués Barreiras 2 Rio Grande B.J. Lapa Total Estimated Values: Investment = US$ 5.3 billion, 9,200 km of TLs Firminópolis Trindade Vespasiano kv DC 500 kv 230 kv Araraquara Itatiba F. Dias Itabirito Bateias Fonte: EPE Main TL Projects to be Auctioned from 2014 to 2017 Total Estimated km in TL: Expansion of Interconnections = 5,200 km Reinforcements to Receiving System = 1,800 km Distribution from HPPs = 2,500 km Paranaíta Xingú 800 kv DC 2,575 km Bipole 2 S. Luís Miranda Quixadá Açu III Claudia Paranatinga Total Estimated Values: Investment = US$ 5.5 billion 9,500 km of TL Ribeirãozinho 800 kv DC 500 kv Marimbondo 2 Estreito Campinas F. Dias N. Iguaçu Fonte: EPE Estimated Investments: Electricity Transmission Lines AUCTION LENGTH (km) INVESTMENT (US$ Billion)* , Defined Projects 9, Other Projects 4, TOTAL 23, (*) Includes estimated investment in substations Source: EPE Expected Investments in the Electricity Generation and Trasmission Auctions ESTIMATED EXPANSION INVESTMENT (US$ BILLION) Generation 32,971 MW 60.5 Transmission 23,200 km 13.9 TOTAL 74.4 Source: EPE
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