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Juan Cristobal MartinezHighschool English Class along with the PESCC 10 & 11 graders Name: _____________________Date:________________ Ms. Rueda Archila. Main Objectives: - To improve reading strategies and provide interdisciplinary task based learnings. - Share ideas about birth control methods and socialize in class along with teacher oriented questions about self- esteem and life project. The Basics of Birth Control Methods Have you ever he
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  Juan Cristobal MartinezHighschool English Class along with the PESCC 10 & 11 graders Name: _____________________Date:________________ Ms. Rueda Archila. Main Objectives: - To improve reading strategies and provide interdisciplinary task based learnings. - Share ideas about birth control methods and socialize in class along with teacher oriented questions about self- esteem and life project. The Basics of Birth Control Methods Have you ever heard your friends say: “I cannot get pregnant if I take a bath right after I have sex.” or “I cannot get pregnant the first time I have sex.” ? These ideas are not true. Every time a man and a woman have sex without the right protection, there is a chance that the woman can get pregnant. There is also the chance that you can get a sexually transmitted disease or STD. Here is some important information on ways to prevent a pregnancy. You will be learning about birth control methods. Some of the most common ones are: Abstinence:  The best way to prevent a pregnancy or an STD is to not have sex. But, if this is not an option for you and your partner, there are other options when you get mature enough. Condoms:   Condoms are thin latex caps that cover a man’s penis during sex. If you are thinking about using condoms , think about this: ã They are available.   ã You do not need a prescription to buy them. ã You can find them at most convenience stores, grocery stores, or pharmacies. ã They can be very effective, when you use them  every time you have sex. ã They will work better if you use them with another birth control method like a spermicide. ã They can also protect you against STDs. Spermicide:  It is a product that comes in cream, gel, foams and suppositories. It is placed in a woman’s vagina before having sex. Other things you need to know: ã Spermicides are available.   ã You do not need a doctor’s prescription to buy spermicides. ã You can buy spermicides in most grocery stores and pharmacies. ã Spermicides work better if you use them together with another birth control method, like a condom. ã Spermicides DO NOT protect you against STDs.  Birth Control Pills:  These are pills that women take every day to prevent pregnancy. If you want to use birth control pills, think about this: ã You need to take a birth control pill every day. ã You need a doctor’s prescription to buy birth control pills. ã Birth control pills are more expensive than condoms. ã Birth control pills work well in preventing a pregnancy when you use them, but they do not protect you from STDs. Vocabulary words ã   STD ã Abstinence ã Penis ã Vagina ã Spermicideã Birth Control Pills   ã   The shot ã The  Shot Developed by the National Center for Farmworker Health, Inc. - Buda, TX with funding from the Opportunities for Success for Out-of-School Youth (OSY) Migrant Education Program consortium grant The Shot:  The shot is just as good as the pill. You DO NOT need to remember to take it every day. If you are thinking about getting the shot, you need to know: ã You will need to make an appointment at a clinic so that a nurse or doctor can give you the shot every three months. ã The shot does not protect you against STDs. Along with these methods, there are many others. Ask your doctor about them and how effective they are. Other tips for both women and men are: When choosing a birth control method, ask yourself the following:    Will it protect me against STDs?    How easy or hard is it to use?    How effective is it?    Can I afford it? ã Use a condom every time you have sex. ã To get better protection, you can use two forms of birth control. For example, you could take the pill along with using a condom. ã Talk to your partner about using a condom every time you have sex. Vocabulary & Definitions STD:  These letters stand for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. This refers to a number of infectious diseases that you can get any time you have unprotected sex with a person who already has an STD. Examples of some STDs are: chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, and HIV/AIDS, etc. Abstinence:  This means not having any kind of sex. Using this method can prevent pregnancy and STDs. This is the best method until you get mature enough for your sexuality. Penis:   This is a man’s sexual and reproductive organ. It is in the form of a tube and carries urine and semen out of the body. Vagina:   This is a woman’s sexual and reproductive organ. The vagina is like a canal that stretches to let the penis enter during sex. Spermicide:  A spermicide is a chemical product. It either kills the sperm or stops sperm from moving so that it cannot enter the vagina. Spermicides are placed in the vagina before having sex.  Birth Control Pills:  These pills have hormones that prevent women from releasing an egg every month (ovulation),  so that pregnancy will not happen. The Shot:  This is a shot women can get every three months to prevent pregnancy. Like the pill, it contains hormones that prevent the body from releasing an egg every month. If you want to know more about other birth control methods, contact your local Planned Parenthood Clinic or any other Health Center. Let’s Practice by:  Developed by the National Center for Farmworker Health, Inc. - Buda, TX with funding from the Opportunities for Success for Out-of-School Youth (OSY) Migrant Education Program consortium grant Answer these questions: 1. Can a woman prevent a pregnancy if she takes a bath after having sex? 2. What is the birth control method that can protect you from most STDs? 3. What birth control methods can you buy without a prescription? 4. Which birth control method is most affordable? 5. What can you as a teen do to better protect yourself against pregnancy and STDs? Let’s Read! María is a teenager. She is very concerned about her relationship with her boyfriend, José. They have been dating for three months, and José wants to have sex with her. She refuses to do it because José does not want to use a condom. José tells María that he does not like condoms, because he cannot feel anything during sex with one on. He tells her that she has nothing to worry about; she can trust him. María is very confused and scared, and does not know what to do. She knows that in the past, José has had sex with other girls. She does not want anything bad to happen to her. 1. What can happen to María if she decides to have sex with José without protection?  _____________________________________________________________________  ______________________________________________________________ 2. What do you think María should do?  _____________________________________________________________________  _____________________________________________________________________ What do you think Pedro should do? Read the following story. Pedro is 15 years old and thinks he is ready to have sex. He would like to know what he should do to protect himself. You are a health educator at the Migrant Health Center. What can you tell Pedro to think about when choosing the right birth control method? 3. Write your ideas in the space below:  _____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________  _____________________________________________________________________  _____________________________________________________________________  Resource taken from:http://www.migrant.net/migrant/minilessons/health/birth.pdf  
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