IPM Success Story - Kurnool District.

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IPM Adoption in Cotton in Kurnool district
  IPM in Cotton  –  A success story D.Balaraju, SMS-PP, KVK, Banaganapalle Chapter - I Introduction Cotton scenario of the district:  Among the various crops grown in Kurnool district, Cotton is one of the commercial crops grown in the district for the past 15 to 20 years. Total cultivable area (Ha) :  A total of 33571 ha area is under cotton cultivation in the district. Of this, about 25% area is under mungari cotton, 15% area is under cotton seed production and the remaining 60% occupy commercial cotton cultivation. The major hybrids grown in the district are NHH 44, Bunny B.t. and Mallika B.t. Major crops grown : Among the Oil seeds, Groundnut, Sunflower and Castor occupy the major part, in Cereals, Paddy, Jowar and Maize are the important crops, among pulses, Bengalgram and Redgram, among commercial crops Cotton , Chillis and Onion are the major crops. Agro ecological situation of cotton :  There are 13 farming situations in the district. Cotton is mainly grown under 3 situations namely  –  Rainfed-red soils, Rainfed-black soils and Black soils with irrigation facilities. Only 15% area of cotton is under irrigation, the remaining is under rainfed. Cropping systems of cotton :  Cotton is mainly grown as pure crop, but in some pockets of the district it is intercropped with redgram without proper row proportion. Soil types under cotton :  Cotton is grown in variety of soils ranging from redsoils to medium black soils in the district. Arboreum cotton is confined to red soils and Hybrid cotton is mainly grown in Medium black to Heavy Black soils. Average annual Rain fall (mm) :  The average rainfall of Kurnool district is 630.0 mm. The actual rainfall of past 5 years is as under : S. No. Year Rainfall received (mm) 1 2004-05 683.0 2 2005-06 787.0 3 2006-07 760.9 4 2007-08 5 2008-09 Cotton varieties grown in the district :  The varieties of cotton grown in Kurnool district are as under: 1.   Desi cotton:  Y1, Aravinda, Jayadhar, NDLA-2463, Pandaripuram mungari, and NS seed from Jalgaon of Maharashtra  2.   American Cotton : a.   Hirsutum varities: Narasimha, MCU-5 b.   Hybrids: NHH-44, NCS-145 B.t., Mallika B.t. etc. Area and productivity for last 5 years : S. No Year Area (ha) Productivity (Kg Lint/Ha) 1 2004-05 74000 147 2 2005-06 23306 133 3 2006-07 17009 158 4 2007-08 28240 5 2008-09 Village profile  –  PRA survey Resource mapping S.No Year Village Soil types Major Crops Grown Crop Irrigated (ha) Rain fed (ha) Total 2007-08 Jalakanuru BC Soil 1.Paddy 965 Red soil 2.Cotton 335 3.Chillis 484 4.Jowar 824 5.Redgram 175 6.Sunflower 155 7.Bengalgram 382 8.Others 126 240 2008-09 Jalakanuru BC soil 1.Paddy 1226 Red soil 2.Cotton 318 3.Chillis 315 4.Jowar 752 5.Redgram 285 6.Bengalgram 272 7.Sunflower 238 8.Others 87 170  Social mapping S. No Year Village Population No. of farmers No. of non-farm families Male Female SC ST Others Total 1 2007-08 Jalakanuru 1115 1235 72 - 503 575 38 Seasonality Parameter Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Rain fall               Sowing time         Incidence of Sucking Pest               Incidence of Boll worms                  Diseases incidence         Harvesting period         Note  –  Use  where it is applicable  Pest incidence Name of the pest January February March April May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jassids      Thrips   Whiteflies         Aphids      Mealybug      Helicoverpa            Spodoptera            Pinkbollworm            Note  –  Use  where it is applicable Chapter - II PIIN Analysis Sr. No Problem Intervention Issues Needs 1 Sucking pests Stem application Tedious and impracticable when plant population is high, unavailability of stem applicators Method demonstration and supply of stem application bottles 2 Spodoptera Trap crop Use not felt Training & field visits 3 Pink Boll worm Pheromone traps Lack of awareness and availability Trainings, demonstrations & supply of traps & lures through dept. of agriculture. 4 Indescriminate use of fertilizers Soil Test Based fertilizer usage Soil testing not done. Result demonstrations and farmer interactions. 5 Not maintaining intrarow spacing Recommended spacing Do not use markers and feel extra operation Result demonstration followed by farmer interactions. 6 Boll worms Spray of NSKE 5% Collection & drying of neem is cumbersome, result unknown Training, Method demonstration on NSKE preparation, Result demonstration. 7 Border Jowar Use not felt Training, field visit to show predator activity and its feeding behavior.


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Jul 23, 2017
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