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MCH User Manual 2012 En

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Meteorology, Climatology and Hydrology Information System (database) MCH DB 2009 User manual 2009 Carlos Cervantes Version August 2012   i/ix MCH User Manual Contents  List of figures....................................................................................................................................v  List of acronyms ........................................................................................................................
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    Meteorology, Climatology and Hydrology Information System (database) MCH DB 2009   User manual 2009 Carlos Cervantes Version August 2012  i/ix  MCH User Manual Contents   List of figures....................................................................................................................................v   List of acronyms..............................................................................................................................ix   Introduction.......................................................................................................................................1   Structure of the manual....................................................................................................................1   Chapter 1.Getting started.................................................................................................................3   Scope and physical operating limits.........................................................................................3   1.1. System installation....................................................................................................................4   System requirements................................................................................................................4   1.2. Common tasks..........................................................................................................................4   Data capture..............................................................................................................................4   Querying data on graphs ..........................................................................................................4   Querying data on maps ............................................................................................................6   Importing and exporting data....................................................................................................7   Performing calculations and editing data .................................................................................7   Exporting data to text files and spreadsheets ..........................................................................8   DefinitionsGeneral tables..........................................................................................................8   Chapter   2.Using   the   system.................................................................................................11   2.1. Main menu...............................................................................................................................11   Using the system menus ........................................................................................................11    Accessing the system.............................................................................................................13   2.2. File menu.................................................................................................................................13   2.2.1. Printer set up.................................................................................................................13   2.2.2. Exit................................................................................................................................14   2.3. Maps menu..............................................................................................................................14   2.3.1. Maps by geographical position.....................................................................................15   2.3.2. Maps.Sketches or diagrams.........................................................................................19   2.3.3. Zone maps....................................................................................................................20   2.3.4. Isolines on maps...........................................................................................................23   2.3.5. Maps by geographical projection..................................................................................27   2.4. Graphs menu...........................................................................................................................27   2.4.1 Graphs of daily, detailed, weekly, dekadal, monthly and annual data..........................28   2.4.2 Graphs comparing several variables for daily, detailed, weekly, dekadal, monthly and annual data .............................................................................................................................33    ii/ix  MCH User Manual 2.4.3 Graphs comparing several stations for daily, detailed, weekly, dekadal, monthly and annual data .............................................................................................................................35   2.4.4 General queries. Graphs...............................................................................................37   2.5. Capture menu..........................................................................................................................43   2.5.1 Capturing daily data.......................................................................................................43   2.5.2 Capturing detailed data .................................................................................................45   2.5.3 Capturing SYNOP messages in FM12 format..............................................................47   2.5.4 Capturing SYNOP messages in CREX format .............................................................50   2.5.5 Exporting data from tables.............................................................................................51   2.5.6 Importing data to tables.................................................................................................53   2.5.7 Updating data between servers.....................................................................................54   2.6. Data editing and calculation menu..........................................................................................55   2.6.1 Editing daily data in listings ...........................................................................................56   2.6.2 Editing data using graphs..............................................................................................58   2.6.3 Availability of daily data .................................................................................................60   2.6.4 Detailed calculations on daily data................................................................................63   2.6.5 Calculating by station, station group and zones on maps ............................................64   2.6.6 Queries – decoding SYNOP FM12 messages..............................................................68   2.6.7 Queries – decoding SYNOP CREX messages.............................................................69   2.6.8 Query – decoding METAR / SPECI messages.............................................................70   2.7. Definitions................................................................................................................................71   2.7.1 Stations..........................................................................................................................74   2.7.2 Automatic stations by satellite identifier ........................................................................78   2.7.3 Station groups................................................................................................................79   2.7.4 Groups of automatic stations.........................................................................................80   2.7.5 Station types ..................................................................................................................80   2.7.6 Instruments by station....................................................................................................81   2.7.7 Defining maps by geographical position using two points............................................82   2.7.8 Defining maps by geographical position using quadrilaterals.......................................83   2.7.9 Defining stations on sketches or diagrams ...................................................................84   2.7.10 Defining MCH and general maps ................................................................................85   2.7.11 Station metadata..........................................................................................................88   2.7.12 Station locator..............................................................................................................89   2.7.13 Variables......................................................................................................................91   2.7.14 Acceptable values........................................................................................................92   2.7.15 Checks by formula.......................................................................................................93    iii/ix  MCH User Manual 2.7.16 Checks by proximity.....................................................................................................94   2.7.17 Conversion tables........................................................................................................95   2.7.18 Conversion formulae for derived variables..................................................................97   2.7.19 Variables for automatic stations by satellite identifier.................................................98   2.7.20 Acceptable values for automatic variables..................................................................99   2.7.21 Derived variables.......................................................................................................100   2.7.22 Data in SYNOP-CREX messages.............................................................................101   2.7.23 SYNOP-CREX message templates..........................................................................102   2.7.24 FTP transmission options..........................................................................................102   2.7.25 FTP transmission addresses.....................................................................................103   2.7.26 Users..........................................................................................................................104   2.7.27 Access levels.............................................................................................................104   2.7.28 General database operation......................................................................................105   2.7.29 Variables from automatic stations for web page.......................................................105   2.7.30 Map options for web ..................................................................................................105   2.7.31 Data sources..............................................................................................................106   2.7.32 Time zones ................................................................................................................106   2.7.33 Units...........................................................................................................................107   2.7.34 Catchments................................................................................................................107   2.7.35 Sub-catchments.........................................................................................................108   2.5.36 Hydrological regions..................................................................................................108   2.5.37 States / Departments / Provinces..............................................................................109   2.7.38 Municipalities / Boroughs / Parishes.........................................................................109   2.7.39 Regional management / offices.................................................................................110   2.8 Window menu.........................................................................................................................110   2.9. Help menu.............................................................................................................................111    Annexes...................................................................................................................................113    Annex A - System installation......................................................................................................115    Annex B – Obtaining MCH database information from Excel spreadsheets..............................135    Annex C – Preparing a map in DXF to load into MCH for presenting information in zone maps......................................................................................................................................................143    Annex D – Tools for exchanging MCH information with other systems and between MCH locations.......................................................................................................................................147   The EnviarMCH.exe command ............................................................................................149   The CargMCHftpctl.exe command.......................................................................................149   The CargFtpMCH.exe command..........................................................................................150  
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