Noon and Tanween Rules

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  Level 1 Tajweed © Page 1 TTThhheee f f f ooollllllooowwwiiinnnggg nnnooottteeesss aaar r r eee aaa tttr r r aaannnssslllaaatttiiiooonnn ooof f f  ccchhhaaapppttteeer r r sss 111,,, 222 aaannnddd 333 ooof f f  ttthhheee AAAr r r aaabbbiiiccc bbbooooookkk  AAAl l l - - - M M M u u u n n n e e e e e e r r r  f f f e e e e e e  AAAh h h k k k a a a m m m i i i l l l  T T T a a a  j  j  j w w w e e e e e e d d d   TTThhheeessseee nnnooottteeesss mmmaaayyy bbbeee uuussseeeddd f f f ooor r r  nnnooonnn---cccooommmmmmeeer r r ccciiiaaalll pppuuur r r pppooossseeesss ooonnnlllyyy... TTThhheeessseee nnnooottteeesss mmmaaayyy nnnooottt bbbeee r r r eeepppr r r oooddduuuccceeeddd iiinnn aaannnyyy wwwaaayyy ooor r r  f f f ooor r r mmm f f f ooor r r  cccooommmmmmeeer r r ccciiiaaalll pppuuur r r pppooossseeesss...    Level 1 Tajweed © Page 2 IIInnntttrrroooddduuuccctttiiiooonnn tttooo T T T aaa j j jwwweeeeeeddd  Definition Linguistically: It means betterment . Applied definition: It is articulating every letter from its articulation point and giving the letter its rights and its dues of characteristics. It is to know the rights of the letter (the characteristics of the letter that never leaves it) and the dues of the letter (the letter‟s characteristics that are present in it sometimes and leaves it sometimes). The science of tajweed is the study in which one learns how to pronounce the letters with their characteristics from their correct articulation points, knowing what rules apply to it, and how to start reading a word, how to read it continually and how to stop at it. History of Tajweed The Quraan was revealed to the Prophet Muhammed (   ّَعَٚ   ِٗْََ   ُّ   ّَ  ) with tajweed. During the time of the Prophet and his companions there was no such thing as tajweed because that was how the Quraan was taught and recited. The Quraan scholars used to teach their students the Quraan with complete tajweed. They used to recite and their students would recite after them. The process was repeated as many times as necessary until the student could read the Quraan perfectly. As the years went by, more and more people entered into Islam, the scholars saw a need to study how the Quraan was read and then come up with basic rules that can be applied to ensuring its correct recitation. The first publication of tajweed appeared as an independent science in its own right around the 4 th  century after hijra.  Level 1 Tajweed © Page 3 Ruling on Tajweed Two Sections to the science of tajweed Theoretical   Studying the theoretical rules of tajweed, memorising them and understanding them.   Ruling  : Fardh kifaya (group obligation –  as long as there is a group of Muslims studying the theoretical rules of tajweed, the obligation is lifted from the Muslims)   Practical   Applying the theoretical rules of tajweed while reading the Quraan.   Ruling  : Fardh ayan (individual obligation –  it is an obligation on every single Muslims male and female to learn to read the Quraan with proper tajweed.   Two ways to obtain the science of tajweed  Ar-Riwayiah    (Through narration) The sheikh reads and the Quraan and his student reads after him, as many times as necessary until the student perfects his reading and becomes a skilled reciter on his own right. OR The student reads in front of the sheikh and the sheikh corrects him. Preferably both methods combined together. But it is feared for the student that he may start to forget the rules as time passes by. Ad-Dirayiah (Through studying)   It is to study the rules theoretically then apply them practically on the Quraan. If the reader then forgets some of the rules, he revises the theory that he studied and tries to correct himself. BUT the student must also read in front of a sheikh so that he reaches perfection in his recitation. This way the student has combined between ad-dirayiah and ar-riwayiah   .  Level 1 Tajweed © Page 4 Merits of Reciting the Quraan The definition of the Quraan is:   It is the words of Allaah that has been revealed to the Prophet Muhammed (   ِٗْََ   ُّ   ّَّَعَٚ  ), that has reached us through many reciters, its recitation is worship and it has challenged mankind to produce a surah   like its smallest surah  . So reciting Quraan is a way of getting closer to Allah. We have been ordered to read Quraan in a number of ayah in the Quraan. Some of which are: Recite what is sent of the Book by inspiration to thee, and establish regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt. And Allah knows the (deeds) that ye do. [ Al-Ankaboot   : 45] … read ye, therefore, of the Quraan as much as may be easy for you  [ Al-Muzzammil   : 20] As for the reward, the ayah in the Quraan are many, here is one of them: Those who rehearse the Book of Allah, establish regular Prayer, and spend (in Charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, hope for a commerce that will never fail: For He will pay them their wages, nay, He will give them (even) more out of His Bounty: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (service).   [ Faatir   : 29 –  30] There are also many ahaadeeth (narrations of the Prophet (   ِٗْََ   ُّ   ّَ   ّَعَٚ  ) ) that encourage reading and studying the Quraan.
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