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Pocket Guide 2013

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bioethanol production
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  Pocket Guide to Ethanol 2013  www.EthanolRFA.org   Ethanol Basics 101 Fuel ethanol is a high octane motor fuel derived from plants that can be safely used in virtually every engine platform today at varying levels. At more than 13 bil-lion gallons of production, ethanol represents approxi-mately 10 percent of the nation’s gasoline supply today and can be found in more than 96 percent of all gasoline sold.The majority of American consumers are using E10 ethanol blends (10 percent ethanol) and E15 (15 per-cent ethanol) availability is rapidly increasing, especially in the Midwest. More than 13 million consumers driv-ing Flex Fuel vehicles, or FFVs, can use any blend of ethanol from E10 up to E85 (85 percent ethanol).Ethanol is part of our nation’s solution to reducing our dependency on imported oil, creating domestic  jobs, cleaning our environment by reducing dangerous emissions caused by burning gasoline, and helping to improve engine performance by adding much needed octane.Ethanol is increasingly becoming a global commodity. Global ethanol production and demand is trending up, with the U.S. now the world’s top producer and consumer of ethanol, as well as a leading exporter.  Key Ethanol Stats (January 2013) Number of Plants ......................................211Operating Production Capacity ....................13.3 billion gallonsIdled capacity ................................................1.5 billion gallonsCapacity Under Construction .......................50.0 million gallonsStates with Ethanol Facilities .......................29 Historic Ethanol Production (in billions of gallons) 2012 .....................13.3*2011 .....................13.92010 .....................13.32009 .....................10.92008 .......................9.3 *estimated  Ethanol Production Stats ã The average dry mill today uses less than 26,000 BTUs of thermal energy to produce a gallon of ethanol, compared to the 77,000 BTUs of energy contained in the gallon.ã Each bushel of corn yields 2.8 gallons of ethanol and 17-18 pounds of livestock feed.ã The average dry mill ethanol biorefinery uses 47 percent less water per gallon than in 2001.ã Ethanol yields between 1.9 and 2.3 units of energy for every one unit of energy used in production, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) research. Top Five Ethanol-Producing States IowaNebraskaIllinoisMinnesotaSouth Dakota 1  Answering Calls for Fuel, Feed and Food Modern ethanol production is about more than fuel. Ethanol producers are providing increasing amounts of livestock feed products—distillers grains, corn gluten, and corn gluten meal—while simultaneously providing growing volumes of corn distillers oil and other bio-based chemicals to replace oil.Similar innovation is also occurring on American farms. New farming technologies and increased effi-ciencies are resulting in record and near record corn production each and every year. Despite facing the worst drought in 50 years, U.S. farmers produced the eighth-largest corn crop in history in 2012. Ethanol and Corn Use: Beyond the Headlines Approximately one third of every bushel of corn processed by an ethanol biorefinery returns to the livestock feed market in the form of distillers grains or corn gluten. In fact, USDA and university studies have shown these feed products carry greater nutritional value than the traditional feed ingredients they are replacing in beef, dairy, swine and poultry rations. 2
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