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Renaissance origins and evolution, based on Atlantic History
  Renaissance 1RenaissanceMany factors have characterized many stages of history. One of them wasRenaissance, mainly known as the cultural movement that would later on lead toEnlightenment. During this time period many ideas and regulations that were imposed previously during the Dark ges will !e uestion, giving more power to the people and notthe self#imposed authorities such as the $atholic $hurch. %he previous censorship, oppressionand authoritarian powers would !e overthrown to create a new way of thinking more aimed atmodernization and independence in every aspect of the human life& politically, economicallyand ideologically 'Middle ges, n.d.(.)n order to accentuate the changes that Renaissance !rought to civilization there is theneed to understand the previous historic period that was set in the world. During the Dark ges the oppression of the $atholic $hurch due to the power it had over people led to thedestruction of everything that was once developed !y humans. %echnological and literallyadvancements were stopped and everything had to fall under what the $hurch wanted. %hus itwas a *dark age+ for humanity since it didnt lead to any advancement !ut to the demolitionof civilization 'nnen!erg -erner, n.d.(. ith the realization of people of the ridiculousoppression and power that the elite had, there was a re!irth of human thought. %hat is whatRenaissance stands for, the re!irth of the human race in history as intellectual !eings. Duringthe Dark ges there werent many developments or improvements !ut with the new ideologyart, literature and science sky rocketed. )t was a literal cultural re!irth for humanity.Even though when speaking of Renaissance many people think of Europe, it actuallyhad its !asis in the Middle East. %he Middle East would !e the source for Europe to developsince they were much more advanced in scholarship, government and internationalrelationship. hile Europe was oppressed !y the Dark ges the Middle East had anadvantage, the different cultures didnt go through the same time of censorship and  Renaissance /oppression. Many Middle Eastern scholars had a lead in science and mathematics. Due to thedifference in knowledge once Europe reached the stage of development again it was thanks tothe teachings of the Middle East that they were a!le to catch up and later on formulate their own theories '0ourani, 11& p. 1/(. lso in literature revived influenced in ancient Romanand 2reek works. -iterature which had !een previously prohi!ited now was in resonance withthe individuality that emerged in society hence creating an independent artistic culture.Muslims were a!le to keep the legacy that Romans and 2reeks had left when in Europe wasmostly lost. %hey served as the li!rary of the world having a recollection of not only old !ook  !ut also new ones with revolutionary information '3yed, 14/(. ith the help of their advantage of international relationship and commerce they aided the Europeans to redistri!uterelevant literary works this way returning some literature to its srcinal land. Even though theMiddle East had intellectual power in the world at that time not only with knowledge a!outnew science !ut also every document recorded was in )slam, this didnt stop Europe fromcatching up and !ecoming competition to the Middle East in any time.ith the Renaissance the main ideas that flourished were individuality andindependence from the esta!lished dogmas and powerful institutions. %he $hurchs authoritywas uestioned and classical schools of thought were retaken. %he thought that religion wasnot always right led to the refusal to the recognition of the $hurchs divine authority that theyhad implanted, due to this divine power people had found themselves una!le to go against it.One e5ample of the power of $atholicism was shown in the $rusades which did help improvecommerce, in relation to the demand of transportation of men and supplies6 and in politics, !reaking down the power of feudal aristocracy. %he culture !lending that the $rusades !rought would create a more li!eral way of thinking in the population, allowing diversity of thought with no dogmatic limitation. )t was no longer a!out the seeking of truth through 2od !ut through the individual. Everything would !e focused on the human !eing and so art and  Renaissance 7literature would develop new techni ues according to what the artist wanted and not what the$hurch told them. 8lorentine painting would !e a result of such new techni ues, with artistslike 9otticelli who even criticized the pre#esta!lished dogmas in his paintings '2il!ert, 1:&ch. :(.Renaissance spread throughout the world and so many types of its definition emerged. ;orthern Renaissance was the one in ;orthern Europe which came from the spreading of ideas around Europe in the 1< th  $entury, encouraging national and localized movements. )twas closely linked to the =rotestant Reform promoted !y Marthin -uther in 1<7/ whichcaused fights !etween the $atholic $hurch and the emergent protestant group. On art, while)talian Renaissance drove to more simplistic techni ues, ;orthern Renaissance carried on thetradition of great attention to detail 'nnen!erg -earner, n.d.(. Even though in many aspects itwas !ased on )talian Renaissance it had many distinctive characteristics. )n humanism theyaimed for its application to social reform, wanting the regeneration of moral and spiritual life, political and ecclesiastical institutions, and education. )t was !ased more on ancient Romanand 2reek civilizations, whose o!>ective was to make everyone an active and productivemem!er of society '2il!ert, 1:& ch. (. Despite the fact it had the same !asis, ;orthernRenaissance changed from country to country, depending on national character, traditions andneeds.)n conclusion, Renaissance was a stage in history where a !reakthrough and re!irth of human intellect occurred. )t would !e the moment where humans would realize their individual power in the world and how elite institutions were useless without the support of the ma>ority. )t would !e the milestone for new ideological currents, li!eralism, diversity of thought, philosophical theories and new ways of e5pression in art and literature. %he influenceof the Middle East helped Renaissance to !e a great !eginning for science and intellectual  Renaissance ? people. 0uman !eings would !ecome their own owners and not >ust puppets of a larger andmore powerful institution.Referencesnnen!erg -earner. 'n.d.(. Out of the Middle Ages.  Retrieved on @uly 14 /A1? fromhttp&BBwww.learner.orgBinteractivesBrenaissanceBmiddleages.htmlnnen!erg -earner. 'n.d.(.  Printing and thinking. Retrieved on @uly 1: /A1? fromhttp&BBwww.learner.orgBinteractivesBrenaissanceBprinting.html2il!ert, . '1:(. %he meaning of )talian Renaissance. The Renaissance and the Reformation.  Retrieved on @uly 1: /A1? fromhttp&BBvli!.iue.itBcarrieBte5tsBcarrieC!ooksBgil!ertBA.html2il!ert, . '1:(. )talian 0umanism. The Renaissance and the Reformation.  Retrieved on@uly 1: /A1? from http&BBvli!.iue.itBcarrieBte5tsBcarrieC!ooksBgil!ertBA<.html2il!ert, . '1:(. )talian Renaissance art. The Renaissance and the Reformation.  Retrievedon @uly 1: /A1? from http&BBvli!.iue.itBcarrieBte5tsBcarrieC!ooksBgil!ertBA:.html2il!ert, . '1:(. %he Renaissance and the !ackground of the Reformation. The Renaissance and the Reformation.  Retrieved on @uly 1: /A1? fromhttp&BBvli!.iue.itBcarrieBte5tsBcarrieC!ooksBgil!ertBA.html0ourani, 0. '/AA/(.  A history of the Arab peoples.  nited 3tates of merica& 0arvardniversity =ress. Retrieved on @uly 1: /A1? fromhttp&BB!!ooksBa!outBC0istoryCofCtheCra!C=eoples.htmlFidGeg!O!Amewz?$HredirCescGy
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