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Somalia Eritrea resolution adopted by UN Security Council with 2 Abstentions

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This was adopted on October 24 with two abstentions and several explanations of vote. More (on Eritrea portion) at
  United Nations S/20 4/757 i?   Provisional 23 October 2014 Original: English United Kirÿgdom of Great Britaiÿ and Northerra Ireland: draft resoÿutioÿ The Secu,,qO, Coulÿci/, Reca[/i,qg all its previous resolutions and statements of its President on the situation in Somalia and Erflrea, in particular resolutions 73} (1992), 1844 (2008), 1907 (2009), 2036 (2012), 2023 (2011), 2093 (2013)ÿ 2111 (2013), 2124 (20 3), 2125 (2013), and 2142 (2014)ÿ Taking note of the final reports of the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group (the SEMG) and their conclusions on the situations in both Somalia and Eritreaÿ Rea:ÿ/frmirtg its respect for the sovereigntyÿ territorial integrity, independence and unity of Somalia, Djibouti and Eritrca respectively, Cotÿdemiÿilÿg flows of weapons and ammunition supplies to and through Somalia in violation of the arms embargo on Somalia and to Eritrea in violation of the arms embargo on Eritrea, as a serious threat to peace and stability in the region, Somaffa ggIc:omiTÿg the recent 1sigh level event on Somalia, chaired by the Secretary-General and/ooki1ÿg,/'orward to all participants following up on their commitmentsÿ Hig,Sfightiÿg in particular the FGS's commitment to establish interim regiona] administrations by the end of 2014 which is an essential step under the Vision 2016 programme, and emphasiziiÿg the importance of tMs being an inclusive and consultative process,UÿdeHLÿ,,ing the importance of full and effective participation in the peace and reconciliation process across Somali society, including women, youth and minority groups, P/elcomiÿg the estab]ishment of the Independent Constitutiona Review and Implementation Commission, and emphasizilÿg the impoVÿance off establishing theBoundaries and Federation Commission within the upcoming parXamentary sessiom 14{,/comitÿg the FGS commitment to a credible electoral process in 20t6, emt;hasiziTÿg the need for legislation to establish the National ÿndependent Electoral Commission as soon as possiblQ uTÿder/iMTÿg the importance of all partners supporting a Somali-led process, and loo,#ilÿg.ÿ)ÿwaÿd in particular to the upcoming United Nations electoral assessment missionÿ i4-ÿ29oÿ (s)  S/2014/757 Underli,,ÿiÿg the importance of capacity-building of the Somali Security Forces, and in this regard reqffirmi Tg the importance of re-establishing training, equipping and retention in tile Security Forces of the Federal Republic of Somatia, which is vital for the long-term stability and security of Somalia, exl)rcssiJTg its support for the ongoing European Union Training Mission and other capacity-building programmes, and emphasizing the importance of increased coordinated, timely andsustained support from the internationa community, Umtc.rlinitTg the need for greater effort in improving the institutional transparency and accountability of public financial management in Somalia, 'e/comilÿg the establishment of a Financial Governance Committee, ciÿcol.Hÿaging the FGS to use the Financial Governance Committee effectively and zHTderlining the need for increased mutual transparency and accountability between the FGS andthe donor community,g/elcomi,g the intention o[ÿ the Secretary-General and World Bank to develop an initiative aimed at promoting economic development in the Horn of Africa, and  ookingjbrward to the results of the initiative, RecaMitÿg the total ban on the export and import of charcoal from Somalia, irrespective of whether such charcoal srcinated in Somalia, as set out in resolution 2036 120t2ÿ, EAT)ressing concern at the continuing violations and abuses of human rights, including extrajudicial killings, violence against women, children and journalists, arbitrary detention and pervasive sexual violence in Somalia, including in camps forinternally displaced persons, underscoring the need to end impunity, promote and protect human rights, hold accountable those who commit such crimes, u,t,/comiÿTg the efforts by the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) to address violations andabuses of human rights including by implementing the two action plans signed on children and armed conflict and by developing a National Action Plan to combat sexual violence and encouraging the FGS to establish its National Human RightsCommission and to take concrete measures to implement fully the post transition human rights roadmap of August 20t 3, Recalling the arms embargo on Somalia. and in particular the need for all supplies of weapons and military equipment destined for the Security Forces of the Federal Government of Somalia to be notified to the Committee established pursuant to resolution 75l (1992) and 1907 (2009) ( the Committee ), andji¢rther teen/ling that improved arms and ammunition management in Somalia is a fundamental component of greater peace and stability for the region, Stressing that any decision to continue or end the partial suspension of the arms embargo on the Federal Government of Somalia will be taken in the light of the thoroughness of the Federal Government of Somalias implementation of its requirements as set out in this and other relevant Security Council resolutions, Stressing the need for all Member States to respect and implement, in accordance with relevant Security Council resolutions, their obligations with respect to preventing unauthorized deliveries of weapons and military equipment to Somalia and to prevent the direct or indirect import of charcoal from Somalia in violation ofthe relevant Security Council resolutions, 2/12  S/2{}t 4/757 Reca/lDÿg that international law as reflected in the United Nations Conventionon tlle Law of the Sea oil0 December 1982. sets out the legal framework app icableto activities in the ocean, }2zkifÿg ÿote of the Somalia and Erftrea Monitoring Group's continued assessment that the illegal charcoal trade continues to generate significant fundingfor A -Shabaabÿ tÿcitÿ.ÿaAÿg that charcoa] exports from Somalia are a significantrevenue source for Al-Shabaab and also exacerbate the humaÿmitarian crisis, and dep/o,,Mg tlle continued violation of the ban, Eai)rexÿs'iÿg c()nc(¢rlÿ that destinatio;q counlr/es for Somali charcoal have not yet taken sufficient steps to prevenÿ the importation of charcoal t>om Somalia, Takilÿg rvote of the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia's 8 October  etter to the Security Connci} requesting Member States to provide military assistance to prevent the export of charcoal from Somalia and to prevent the importof weapons into SomaIia in violaHon of the arms embargo, Elÿcottragilig the FGS, in consultation with a}l evcls of Government in Somalia, to mitigate properly against the petroleum sector in Somalia becoming a source of increased tension in Somalia, including through respecting the provisions of the coÿmstitution, and xtre,sxiÿg the need to rcso vc issues of resource management and ownership as part of ongoing discussions around federalism, Er[¢rea H&ÿlcomi.,ÿg the meetings between representatives of time Government of Eritrea and the SEMG in Paris and Cairo and by telephone confterence )ore New Yorkÿ eÿicoLH aghÿg further cooperatiom and ÿ,'sÿderliÿiiÿg its expectation that this cooperation will deepen during the SEMG's m.andate, including through regular visits to Eritrea by the SEMG, Strÿ<ss'Mg its demand that Eritrea make available in%rmation pertaining to Djiboutian combatants missing in action since the clashes of June 2008 so that thoseconcerned may ascertain the presence and coÿmditions of the Djiboutian prisoners of war, Ulÿdtÿrlilfftÿg the importance of full cooperation between the SEMG and the Government of Eritrea, AMISOM EKpressing its gratitude 1o the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) for its work in bringing greater peace and stability to SomaJiaÿ 4zÿqco,,,Aÿg AMISOM's recent joint operations with the Somali Nationat Army (SNA), and payiÿg triDÿte to the extraordinary bravery and sacri*Sces made by bothAMISOM and SNA personne in the fight against A1 Shabaab, RccogÿizDÿg the importance of efirecfive coordirmtion among the United Nations Support Office to AMiSOM (UNSOA), AMISOM, troop contributing countriesÿ and donors in order for UNSOA to effectively plan, budget, and provideauthorized logbÿtics for AM]SOM operations, and ÿ,'ÿdrÿrxc'oriÿg the necessity of enab]ers and force multipliers to address key limiting factors to AMISOM 3/12  S/2014/757 operations such as timely maintenance of key equipment, maintenance of logisticalsupply lines, and availability of water, Reealli;qg and welcoming AMISOM's efforts to assist in the provision of training to the SNA, and underlining the importance of the Federal Govermnent of Somalia taking on increased responsibility and ownership of the security sector, which is an essential part of AMISOM's eventual exit strategy, Expressing concern at the reports of sexual viotence and exploitation allegedly perpetrated by some AMISOM troops, reminding AMISOM of the United Nations Human Rights and Due Diligence policy, underscoring in this context the importance of the United Nations Zero Tolerance Policy on Sexual Exploitation andAbuse in the context of peacekeeping, welcomitÿg the African Union's deploymentof a team to conduct a full investigation into these allegations, and utTderlining the importance of holding to account those responsible for such abuses,Welcoming the support of the international community to peace and stability in Somalia, in particular the European Union for its substantial contribution in supporting AMISOM, and empkasizing the importance of new contributors sharing the financial burden of supporting AMISOM, Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group Taking note of the letter dated 7 February 2014 from the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group recommending an exemption to the arms embargo to improve reporting on security operations for commercial shipping, Determining that the situation in Somalia, Eritrea's influence in Somalia, as well as the dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea, continue to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region, Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, Arms embargo1. Reaj,/i'rms the arms embargo on Somalia, imposed by paragraph 5 of resolution 733 (1992) and further elaborated upon in paragraphs I and 2 of resolution 1425 (2002) and modified by paragraphs 33 to 38 of resolution 2093 (2013) and paragraphs 4 to 17 of resolution 211t (2013), paragraph 14 of resolution 2125 (2013). and paragraph 2 of resolution 2142 (2013) (hereafter referred to as the arms embargo on Somalia ); 2. Notes with concern that some deliveries of weapons and military equipment have not been notified to the Committee in accordance with the relevantSecurity Council resolutions, underlines the fundamental importance of timely anddetailed notifications to the Committee as set out in paragraphs 3 to 7 of resolution 2142, notes with concern reports of diversion of arms and ammunition, and encourages supplying Member States to assist the FGS in improving its notifications to the Committee;3. Decides to renew the provisions set out in paragraph 2 of resolution 2t42 (2014) until 30 October 2015, and in that context reiterates that the arms embargo on Somalia shall not apply to deliveries of weapons, ammunition or military equipment or the provision of advice, assistance or training, intended solely for the development of the Security Forces of the Federal Government of Somalia, to 4/12
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