SPSS Training Manual

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  SPSSAt the end of this session, you should be able to perform the following tasksIntroduction The “Statistical Package for the Social Sciences” (SPSS) is a package of programs for manipulating, analyzing, and presenting data; the package iswidely used in the social and eha!ioral sciences The core program is calledSPSS #ase and there are a numer of add$on modules that e%tend the rangeof data entry, statistical, or reporting capailities &or e%ample, SPSS'd!anced odels, SPSS egression odels, SPSS *%act Tests, SPSS Tales,SPSS +ategories, SPSS Trends, SPSS issing alue 'nalysis etc Introduction to SPSS environment (Getting to know SPSS)Starting SPSS There are a numer of different ways to start SPSS-. The simplest way is to look for an SPSS icon on your desktop Place your cursoron the icon and doule$click . /ou can also start SPSS y clicking on Start, mo!e your cursor up to Programs,and then across to the list of programs a!ailale o!e up or down until you findSPSS for 0indows . SPSS will also start up if you doule$click on an SPSS data file listed in 0indows*%plorer1these files ha!e a sa! e%tension 0hen you open SPSS you may encounter this grey front co!er screen asking 20hatwould you like to do34   5t is easier to close this screen (click on the cross in the top right$hand corner) andget used to using the other SPSS menus 0hen you close the opening screen youwill see a lank spreadsheet To open an e%isting SPSS data file from this  spreadsheet screen, click on File , and then Open , from the menu displayed at thetop of the screen pening an e!isting data le 5f you wish to open an e%isting data file, click on &ile from the menu across the topof the screen, and then choose 6pen, and then 7ata The 6pen &ile dialogue o%will allow you to search through the !arious directories on your computer to findwhere your data file is stored /ou should always open data files from the harddri!e of your computer, not from e%ternal memory dri!e Saving a data les 0hen you first create a data file, or make changes to an e%isting one, you mustrememer to sa!e your data file This does not happen automatically, as in someword processing programs 5f you don4t sa!e regularly, and there is a powerlackout or you accidentally press the wrong key, you will lose all of your work Sosa!e yourself the heartache and sa!e regularly To sa!e a file you are working on,go to the File menu  (top left$hand corner) and choose Save 0hen you first sa!e a new data file, you will e asked to specify a name for the fileand to indicate a directory and a folder that it will e stored in +hoose the directoryand then type in a file name SPSS will automatically gi!e all data file names thee%tension .sav This is so that it can recognise it as an SPSS data file 7on4t changethis e%tension, otherwise SPSS won4t e ale to find the file when you ask for itagain later Starting a new data file Starting a new data file is easy in SPSS is easy +lick on &ile, then, from thedropdown menu, click on 8ew and then 7ata &rom here you can start defining your!ariales and entering your data SPSS windows The main windows you will use in SPSS are the 7ata *ditor, the iewer, the Pi!otTale *ditor, +hart *ditor and the Synta% *ditor   Data Editor window The 7ata *ditor window displays the contents of your data file, and in this windowyou can open, sa!e and close e%isting data files; create a new data file; enter data;make changes to the e%isting data file; and run statistical analyses, the data editorwindow also contains the !ariale !iew Viewer window iewer window will open automatically when you open the data editor !iew,   Thiswindow displays the results of the analyses you ha!e conducted, including talesand charts 5n this window you can modify the output, delete it, copy it, sa!e it, ore!en transfer it into a 0ord document 0hen you sa!e the output from SPSSstatistical analyses it is sa!ed in a separate file with a spo e%tension, to distinguishit from data files, which ha!e a sa! e%tension The iewer screen consists of two parts 6n the left is an outline or menu pane,which gi!es you a full list of all the analyses you ha!e conducted /ou can use thisside to 9uickly na!igate your way around your output (which can ecome !ery long,!ery 9uickly) :ust click on the section you want to mo!e to and it will appear onthe right$hand side of the screen 6n the right$hand side of the iewer window arethe results of your analyses, which can include tales and charts (or graphs) Saving output
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