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Symbols and Special Key Combinations in PLATO Courseware

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Symbols and Special Key Combinations in PLATO Courseware Corporate Headquarters PLATO Learning, Inc Nesbitt Avenue S. Bloomington, MN (FAX) PLATO Support Services
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Symbols and Special Key Combinations in PLATO Courseware Corporate Headquarters PLATO Learning, Inc Nesbitt Avenue S. Bloomington, MN (FAX) PLATO Support Services Website: Voice: International Offices PLATO Learning (Canada), Inc Howe Street Vancouver, British Columbia V6Z 2P3 Toll free: Phone: Fax: PLATO Learning (UK) Ltd. Statesman House, Stafferton Way, Maidenhead, Berkshire, SL6 1AD Main: Fax: Sales: Tech Support: Tech Support Fax: World Wide Website Copyright 2004, 2005 by PLATO Learning, Inc. All rights reserved. PLATO is a registered trademark of PLATO Learning, Inc. PLATO Learning is a trademark of PLATO Learning, Inc. All company names and products are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. P/N B January 2005 Contents GENERAL INFORMATION... 1 INTRODUCTION... 1 COURSEWARE TYPES... 1 MPAS COURSEWARE... 3 DESCRIPTION... 3 REFERENCE SHEET... 3 MACINTOSH USERS... 3 KEY COMBINATIONS FOR ALL MPAS COURSEWARE... 4 MOVING THROUGH THE LESSONS... 5 CALCULUS 1 & CHEMISTRY 1 & 2 TIPS... 7 PHYSICS 1 & PCD3, WPCD3, AND IPCD3 COURSEWARE... 9 DESCRIPTION... 9 MACINTOSH USERS... 9 KEY COMBINATIONS KEYPRESS REFERENCE SHEET OPTIONS FOR WINDOWS USERS OPTIONS FOR MACINTOSH USERS i General Information Introduction Some PLATO courseware requires learners to use special keys to calculate or input answers. This document helps you determine which special key combinations are required to enter symbols or perform operations in PLATO courseware. Courseware types The following types of PLATO courseware require learners to enter symbols and special key combinations: MPAS courseware PCD3, WPCD3, & ipcd3 courseware 1 MPAS Courseware PLATO MPAS courseware includes the following: Calculus 1 & 2 Chemistry 1 & 2 Physics 1 & 2 Parenting Science Fundamentals Social Studies Reference sheet We recommend you print the Keypress Reference Sheet on page 11 and place a copy at each workstation for your learners reference. Macintosh users The F10 and other Function keys used by PLATO courseware do not function properly on Macintosh OS systems or ibooks because these keys are preprogrammed or are used by other applications. To clear these preprogrammed options, follow the steps below at each workstation. Step Action 1 Go to Open Apple Control Panel Keyboard. 2 Select the Function Keys button. 3 Deselect the Use F1 through F12 as Hot Function Keys checkbox. 4 Make sure no applications are assigned to use the F7 F12 keys. 5 If an application is assigned to one of the F7 F12 keys, select the F key and select the Clear button. 6 Make sure that Nothing Assigned displays next to all the F7 F12 keys. Select OK. Continued on next page 3 MPAS Courseware, Continued Key combinations for all MPAS courseware Use the following key combinations to enter symbols in PLATO MPAS courseware. Tip The plus (+) symbol indicates that both keys should be pressed together. For example, for Alt + E, press and hold the Alt key and then press E. Function Key F1 COPY F2 TERM F3 -- F4 FONT F5 EDIT F6 HELP F7 LAB F8 BACK F9 DATA F10 STOP Shift+F2 ANS Shift+F3 MICRO Fractions To enter a fraction, enter the numerator, then enter a forward slash (/), then the denominator (e.g., 4/12) Mixed numbers To enter mixed numbers, enter the whole number, then a space, then the fraction (e.g., 3 1/2). Continued on next page 4 MPAS Courseware, Continued Moving through the lessons PLATO lessons are learner-paced learners can progress through them at their own speed. In general, learners will be prompted to use the NEXT key to move through the lessons; however, some exercises, examples, or other learner interactions may not prompt learners. When an answer is incorrect, learners receive feedback that helps them determine the correct answer or they are given the correct answer. Learners press NEXT to continue. An answer arrow ( ) indicates that learners must enter a response. Note On most terminal keyboards, the NEXT key is equivalent to the Enter key. The table below describes other options for learners as they move throughout the lesson. Option BACK ERASE EDIT COPY SHIFT-DATA SHIFT-BACK SHIFT-STOP SHIFT-ERASE Review a previously visited screen in a lesson or if they press Next by mistake except during answer judging. Erase part of a word or response. Each time a learner presses Erase, one character is removed from the response. Correct any errors made when typing a response before pressing Next to have the answer judged. Change an answer after pressing Next. Each time a learner presses Copy, one word of the response redisplays. Then, use the Erase key to enter a new response. Return to the lesson index. Start the current section over again. Leave the lesson and return to the index. Remove an entire word from a response. Continued on next page 5 MPAS Courseware, Continued Calculus 1 & 2 The table below identifies the key combinations unique to Calculus 1 & 2. Note You cannot enter some fractional exponents in Calculus 1 using Micro font (F4). Rather, you must enter them in regular size font (though the example is displayed with the Micro font). Option Pi (π) Radical ( square root) Infinity Omega (lowercase ω) Degree ( ) Delta (δ) Absolute value ( ) Greater than or equal to ( ) Less than or equal to ( ) Epsilon (ε) Derivative ( ) F4 then p F4 then r (any value included under the square root should be in parentheses) Shift-F4 then i [and another Shift-F4 to toggle off] F4 then w F4 then o Shift-F4 d Shift-F4 Shift-F4 I Shift-F4 (the value must be enclosed by two absolute value symbols) F4 then Shift -. (Shift and period) F4 then Shift -, (Shift and comma) Shift-F4 e Shift-F4 Shift-F4 ' Shift-F4 Order of operations When evaluating a learner's response to a question, PLATO courseware must follow a mathematical order of operations. When learners enter a response, they should keep in mind the following order of operations: 1. Anything enclosed by parentheses ( ) 2. Powers (squares, cubes) x 5 y 3/2 3. Multiplication x X y xy 4. Division x E y x/y 5. Addition and Subtraction x + y x y Learners should use parentheses when entering answers that include terms of factors to avoid ambiguity. The following examples could be interpreted differently based on the placement of the parentheses: (4 5) x 2 = (5 X 2) = X 2 = 14 Continued on next page 6 MPAS Courseware, Continued Chemistry 1 & 2 tips Keep in mind the following when using the Chemistry 1 & 2 courseware: Some lessons (such as the first Chemistry lesson), ask questions with answers in degrees (F4+o), but the degree symbol is not required. There are two options in the Chemistry 1 Measurement and Calculation Dimensional Analysis Lesson Index #5 Unit Conversion Exercise: NEXT (for instructions for the exercise) and SHIFT-NEXT (to begin). If you select NEXT, you are prompted to enter the (divide sign) key or INS key, but, if the Num Lock light is on, you need to use the SHIFT+INS instead. When you are asked to use the ERASE key, use the BACKSPACE key. The table below clarifies the use of the Delta option in the Chemistry courseware. Option Delta ( ) Delta (small δ) Shift-minus (on numeric keypad only) F4 d F4 Physics 1 & 2 The table below identifies the key combinations unique to Physics 1 & 2. Option Pi Omega (lowercase ω) Degree ( ) Exponents Subscripts Theta (Ө) Mu (µ) F4 then p F4 then shift-o F4 then o Ctrl + (on numeric keypad) Ctrl (on numeric keypad) F4 then t or Micro t F4 then m or Micro m F4 then d 7 PCD3, WPCD3, and ipcd3 Courseware PLATO PCD3, WPCD3, and ipcd3 courseware include the following: Geometry 1 & 2 Applied Math Communications Data Skills Life & Job Skills Math Fundamentals Pre-, Beginning, Intermediate, & Advanced Algebra Quality Fundamentals Reading 1 & 2 (mastery tests and course-level assessments) Reading for Information Trigonometry Writing in the Workplace Writing Series Macintosh users The F10 and other Function keys used by PLATO courseware do not function properly on Macintosh OS systems or ibooks because these keys are preprogrammed or are used by other applications. To clear these preprogrammed options, follow the steps below at each workstation. Step Action 1 Go to Open Apple Control Panel Keyboard. 2 Select the Function Keys button. 3 Deselect the Use F1 through F12 as Hot Function Keys checkbox. 4 Make sure no applications are assigned to use the F7 F12 keys. 5 If an application is assigned to one of the F7 F12 keys, select the F key and select the Clear button. 6 Make sure that Nothing Assigned displays next to all the F7 F12 keys. Select OK. Continued on next page 9 PCD3, WPCD3, and ipcd3 Courseware, Continued Key combinations Use the following key combinations to enter symbols in PLATO PCD3, WPCD3, and ipcd3 courseware. Option Exponents Return to baseline Fractions Subscript Multiplication ( times symbol) Angle Pi Calculator Theta (Ө) Advance to the next display Go back one screen display Help Menu Hint Glossary Data Exit Exit lesson Exit lesson Return to beginning of lesson Skip question answers Replay audio Audio On/Off Interrupt audio Repeat previous audio passage Alt+e Alt+n (or BA and then number) Select NU, then enter the numerator; select DE, then enter the denominator (Pathways 3.5 or higher, with PLATO Courseware 7.0 or higher) Alt+s Alt+x (no angle sign; enter the angle's letters in lowercase) Alt+p Alt+c Alt+t (in Trigonometry) Enter Page Up key F1 (describes active keys) F2 (shows activity lessons) F5 (offers help with a question) F6 (defines highlighted words) F9 (displays previous screen data) F10 (exits the lesson) Esc End Home Page Down key F8 Shift+F8 Ctrl+F8 F7 10 Keypress Reference Sheet Options for Windows users The chart below identifies the Windows keyboard keys and the corresponding PLATO keys. PLATO Key Names Windows Equivalent PLATO Key Names Windows Equivalent SHIFT SUB (script) Ctrl NEXT (Return) SUPER (script) Ctrl + BACK F8 Esc LAB F7 TAB DATA F9 CR SHIFT - STOP F10 (Division) Ins ERASE X (Mult) Del EDIT F5 Q HELP F6 W COPY F1 E ANS F2 A TERM SHIFT F2 F4+D F3 Z MICRO F4 X FONT SHIFT F4 C Options for Macintosh users Macintosh keyboards are slightly different than Windows keyboards. Not all Macintosh keyboards have all the PC keys; some have the keys, but they have different labels. The table below identifies Macintosh and Windows keyboard equivalents. Function Mac PC Function Mac PC Backward delete Delete key Backspace key Quit a frozen program Command+ Option+Esc Control+ Alt+Del Forward Del key Delete key Quit/Close a Command+Q Alt+F4 delete program Return Enter Screen capture to clipboard Command+ Control+Shift+ F3 Print Screen Help Clear Command key (Apple logo) Command key (Apple logo) Insert Delete Windows key (Windows logo key) Alt key Screen shot to disk Command+Shift +F3 NA 11 Copyright 2004, 2005 PLATO Learning, Inc. All rights reserved. PLATO is a registered trademark of PLATO Learning, Inc. PLATO Learning is a trademark of PLATO Learning, Inc. All company names and products are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. P/N B Symbols and Special Key Combinations in PLATO Courseware
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