Economy & Finance

Trends in Community Needs Illustrated by Demand for CSP Services

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Department of Neighborhood & Community Services Trends in Community Needs Illustrated by Demand for CSP Services Update: FY 2016 (Q3) 4/2016 Coordinated Services Planning (CSP) CSP provides callers direct
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Department of Neighborhood & Community Services Trends in Community Needs Illustrated by Demand for CSP Services Update: FY 2016 (Q3) 4/2016 Coordinated Services Planning (CSP) CSP provides callers direct access to a specialist who will listen to the expressed need, assess the situation, explore possible short and long term solutions, and coordinate resources within the community. 2 CSP Data As a front door to Fairfax County s human services system, CSP is well positioned to capture trend information about needs of vulnerable households and the system s overall capacity to meet those needs. Examples of data collected: Client Service Interactions Contacts Case Data 3 Client Service Interactions Client service interactions represent incoming calls to the CSP line as well as outbound calls made by workers to coordinate with clients, communitybased organizations, landlords, utility companies, etc. In early FY 2011, CSP implemented new automated call distribution (ACD) technology that allows greater flexibility in routing calls, including allowing clients already working with a CSP to reach their worker more quickly for follow-up. Prior to this system, CSP could not accurately collect information on outbound case coordination calls. FY ,510 FY ,991 FY ,476 FY ,383 (includes 8,723 interactions) FY ,253 (includes 16,448 interactions) 4 CSP Call Volume Data Calls to CSP increased dramatically over the course of the economic downturn. Average daily call volume increased steadily from an average of 297 per day in FY 2007 to 420 calls per day in FY In November 2010 CSP had a daily high of over 780 calls. The average in FY 2015 was 393. Average Number of Calls Received per Day FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 Q3 5 Why do people need assistance? Top 10 reasons why people need assistance (7/1/14-6/30/15) Loss of Employment/Wages Fixed Income/Low Income Expenses Exceed Income Health - Physical Other Unexpected Expense DFS Benefits Change/Delay Loss of Other Income Homelessness Reduced Work Hours New Affordable Housing Contacts Contact Data CSP workers record the topics of each call, whether the caller receives information only or more intensive services. Contact topics provide a broad, timely snapshot of particular needs in the community, such as food or housing assistance. After a prolonged increase since August 2006, requests to CSP have begun to slowly decrease. Requests for housing payment assistance peaked at 639 in August of Requests for emergency food assistance increased dramatically in recent years. In FY 2015 CSP received 7,035 requests for emergency food, this is more than double the 2,800 requests made in FY The most emergency food requests received by CSP in one month was 922 in November Emergency Rent & Food Contacts Jan 2001 Mar Aug 2010 Nov 2012 Nov 2013 Nov Oct 2001 Sept Aug Financial Emg/ Rent Asst. Emergency needs/food 8 Top Eleven Contact Topics The Top 11 contact topics of calls to CSP consistently represent just over half of all specific requests. Since July 2007, there has been an 36% increase in requests for the Top 11. In that same timeframe, the Fairfax County population has grown by less than 1%. Topics with the largest increase include emergency food and food stamps, emergency utility assistance, and emergency shelter. The chart on the following slide shows the Top 11 since Top 11 Contact Topics FY 2007 FY % increase since FY FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY2015 Dental Care Subsidized Housing Medicaid SNAP Inquiries +69% Job Search Asst +30% Housing Search Asst Comm. Health Network Emg Utility Asst +46% Emg Shelter +44% Emg Rent Asst +34% Emg Food +144% *Emg Shelter totals include contacts for adult only and family shelter. Family shelter contacts were excluded in prior years reports. 10 CSP Contacts by Zip Code Zip Total Zip Total Zip Total Zip Total Zip Total , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Case Data Case Data CSP creates an electronic case file for callers who request assistance with basic needs through community or public resources. Information on the outcomes of these requests (i.e., whether and how they are filled) provides a snapshot of the community s capacity to meet its residents needs. CSP does not collect public case data for state or federal programs. For example, while CSP provides information and referral for Food Stamps, we do not collect data on who enrolls. 12 Average Number of New Cases Per Month, FY 2007 FY 2016 (Q3) A new case in CSP is someone brand new to our system. CSP maintains electronic case records indefinitely to reference for repeat callers. The average number of new cases opened by CSP increased from 370 a month in FY07 to a high of about 525 per month in FY After a period of variability, the rate of new case growth has decreased to about 350 per month Case Objective Outcomes Case objectives for basic needs can be met with CBO assistance, through creative use of the caller s personal resources, by public services, or by some combination of these. Of all objectives met, over 85% are met with community-based resources. Case objectives may go unmet if a client does not comply with his or her service plan, if CBO resources are exhausted, or if the client is not eligible for services (e.g., for housing assistance, if a household s ongoing expenses exceed their income, or if they have received help previously within one year). Housing and utility payment needs account for 76% of unmet objectives. 14 Housing & Utility Payment Case Needs Housing and Utility Payment Assistance objectives consistently represent between 40-50% of all case needs. The community s ability to respond has struggled to keep pace with the level of need. New funds made available through the TANF-Emergency Assistance program in late FY10 and early FY11 helped many families with emergency rent assistance Outcomes of Housing & Utility Assistance Case Need Objectives Unmet: No Service or Ineligible Unmet: Client Non-Compliance Objectives Met 0 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 Q3 15 Unmet Housing & Utility Case Needs by Human Services Region The number of requests for housing/utility payment assistance and the community s capacity to respond to those requests vary across the diverse regions of the county. The chart below shows regional differences in housing payment and utility needs that went unmet, either because community-based funding was temporarily depleted or, more often, because households were not eligible for assistance FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 (Q3) Region 4 Region 3 Region 2 Region 1 16 Impact of the Economy: Income Disparity in Fairfax County Income disparity has grown markedly in the past decade. In 1999, the mean income for the highest earning 20% of households was 8.8 times the mean of the lowest earning 20%. By 2013, the mean income of the highest 20% had increased to 10.9 times that of the lowest. Mean Household Income: Comparison of 1999 and 2013 Incomes (in 2013 Dollars) 20% Intervals % change Lowest Quintile $ 35,774 29, % Second Quintile $ 76,589 71, % Third Quintile $ 113, , % Fourth Quintile $ 161, , % Highest Quintile $ 314, , % Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2000 Decennial Census and 2011 American Community Survey; and U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, CPI Inflation Calculator. 17 Final Note More than 10 years of historical data on demand for CSP services help illustrate how community needs fluctuate along with changes to the larger economy. As economic conditions improve and demand for services begin to slowly decrease, these trend data will continue to be important as indicators of where (and why) there are still unmet needs. 18
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