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Written Report Agra

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  I.   INTRODUCTION II.   DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES The primary objectives of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (RA 6657) is to breakup agricultural lands, and transform them into economic-size farms to be owned by the farmers themselves, with the end in view of uplifting their socio-economic status. Based on the Act’s Declaration of Principles and Policies (Sec.2), it is the policy of the State to pursue a Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). It is founded on the right of landless farmers and regular farmworkers to own directly or collectively the lands they till or, in the case of other farm workers, to receive a just share of the fruits thereof. The welfare of the landless farmers and farmworkers are given the highest consideration for the following puposes: (1.) to promote social justice and (2.) to move the nation toward sound rural development and industrialization, and (3.) for the establishment of owner cultivatorship of economic-size farms as the basis of Philippine agriculture. A more equitable distribution and ownership of land is also undertaken to provide farmers and farmworkers with the opportunity to enhance their dignity and improve the quality of their lives through greater productivity of agricultural lands.   Toward this end, the State encourages and undertakes the just distribution of all agricultural lands, subject to the priorities and retention limits set forth in the Act, having taken into account ecological, developmental, and equity considerations, and subject to the payment of just compensation. The State also respects the right of small landowners, and shall provide incentives for voluntary land-sharing. Aside from the primary goals laid in the Declaration of Principles and Policies of RA 6657, the same section also recognizes correlated rights in agrarian reform. Moreover it can be inferred that the State has undertaken the responsibility of providing support to persons, associations and other related organizations for the sustainability in implementing the agrarian reform. Rights Recognized in Agrarian Reform 1.   Right of landless farmers to own the lands they till 2.   Right of regular farmworkers to receive a just share of the fruits -   subject to the priorities and retention limits as well as payment of just compensation 3.   Right of small landowners -    provide incentives for voluntary land-sharing 4.   Right of farmers, farmworkers, landowners, cooperatives and other independent farmers' organizations -   to participate in the planning, organization, and management of the program   5.   Rights of subsistence fishermen -   to the preferential use of communal marine and fishing resources, both inland and offshore -   fishworkers shall receive a just share from their labor in the utilization of marine and fishing resources 6.   Right of rural women - to own and control land - to receive a just share of the fruits - to be represented in advisory or appropriate decision making bodies Support to Agriculture 1.   Appropriate technology and research, adequate financial production, marketing and other support services 2.   Enhancement of negotiability and acceptability in the marketplace  –   features in financial instruments used as payment for lands 3.   Incentives to landowners to invest the proceeds of the agrarian reform program 4.   Promote industrialization and full employment based on sound agricultural development through industries that make full and efficient use of human and natural resources 5.   Protection of Filipino enterprises against unfair foreign competition and trade practices 6.   Resettlement of landless farmers and farmworkers in its own agricultural estates which may be distributed to them  Support to Subsistence Fishermen  1.   Appropriate technology and research, adequate financial production, marketing and other support services III. DEFINITION OF TERMS Agrarian Reform - redistribution of lands to landless farmers and regular farmworkers - includes the totality of factors and support services designed to lift the economic status of the beneficiaries - other arrangements alternative to the physical redistribution of lands Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity - cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees   - raising of livestock, poultry or fish and other farm activities and practices  performed by a farmer     Agricultural Land - land devoted to agricultural activity and not classified as mineral, forest, residential, commercial or industrial land Agrarian Dispute - any controversy relating to tenurial arrangements over lands devoted to agriculture   - controversy relating to compensation of lands acquired and other terms and conditions of transfer of ownership  Farmer - a natural person whose primary livelihood is cultivation of land or the production of agricultural crop Farmworker   - a natural person who renders service for value as an employee or laborer in an agricultural enterprise or farm - may either be regular or seasonal IV. SCOPE The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (RA 6657) shall cover all public and private agricultural lands including other lands of the public domain suitable for agriculture: (a)   All alienable and disposable lands of the public domain devoted to or suitable for agriculture  (b) All lands of the public domain in excess of the specific limits as determined by Congress (c) All other lands owned by the Government devoted to or suitable for agriculture (d) All private lands devoted to or suitable for agriculture

El51110 Manual i6

Jul 23, 2017

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Jul 23, 2017
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